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Olympians of the Sawdust Circle
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Olympians of the Sawdust Circle: A biographical dictionary of the ninteenth century American circus

Compiled and Edited by William L. Slout
Copyright © 2005 by William L. Slout. All rights reserved.


CADWALLADER, GEORGE J. 4, 6-horse rider, equestrian director. An ex-jockey apprenticed to William Blanchard. 1835, took John Glenroy as apprentice. William Blanchard’s, 1829-30; Royal Circus, 1831; Fogg & Stickney, 1832; Joseph D. Palmer’s, 1833; Palmer & Harrington, 1834; Palmer’s, 1835-36; Sweet & Hough, 1835; Bacon & Derious, 1838; Welch, Bartlett & Co., 1839-40; equestrian director, Broadway Circus, NYC, 1840; Bartlett & Delavan, 1841; Welch & Delavan, Baltimore, 1841; Welch & Mann, 1841, 1843; Robinson & Foster, 1843; connected with one of Welch & Mann’s troupes (Mann’s unit to Surina, etc.), 1843-44; Mann, Welch & Delavan, 1844-45; Welch & Mann, 1846-47; Welch’s, 1850-55; Welch & Lent, 1856.

CADWELL, A. V. Proprietor and scenic rider, New York Circus, September 1852; Mann’s, August 1852; proprietor, New York Circus, 1853; proprietor, Olympian Arena, 1854; rider, Pacific, 1855; Risley’s, October 1855; Bartholomew’s, 1856.

CADWELL, MME. Wire ascensionist, Wheeler & Goodwin, 1867.

CAHOON, PROF. J. B. Hurlburt & Leftwich (J. B. Cahoon, R. R. Leftwich, proprietors), 1894; horse trainer, Milwaukee Mid-Winter Circus, Exposition Music Hall, Milwaukee (L. J. Rodriguez, manager), winter 1894-95.

CAIN, JOHN. General performer, Aaron Turner’s, 1842.

CALDWELL, F. B. Treasurer, Caldwell’s Occidental, 1867; railroad contractor, Great Chicago, 1879.

CALDWELL, J. H. “DR.” Horse trainer and proprietor, Caldwell’s Occidental Circus, 1867. Robbed and murdered by two traveling companions near Henderson, TX, summer of 1868.

CALENDAR. Contortionist, Frost, Husted & Co., 1836.

CALIFORNIA FRANK. Pony express rider, W. W. Cole’s, 1886.

CALLAHAN, C. D. Equestrian, clown. Native of NYC. One of the early scenic riders. Although he had a long history of performing in Albany, most of his professional life occurred in Mexico and South America. William Harrington’s, 1825; Parson’s, 1826; William Blanchard’s, 1830; Fogg & Stickney, 1830-31; Front Street Theatre, Baltimore, 1831; J. W. Bancker’s, 1832; clown, S. H. Nichols’, Albany Amphitheatre, winter 1843; T. L. Vermule’s, 1845; Old Dominion, 1845; Rockwell & Co., 1847.

CALLAHAN, E. Gymnast, Alex Robinson’s, 1874.

CALLAHAN, GEORGE. Sideshow ventriloquist, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1882.

CALLAN, JOHN. Strong man. Dan Rice’s, 1870; Rice’s Paris Pavilion Circus, 1871.

CALLIN, GEORGE. Acrobat and tumbler, P. T. Barnum’s, 1872.

CAMBRIDGE, A. G. Business manager, S. P. Stickney & Son’s, 1874.

CAMEO & TIPP. Double trapeze, Hart, France & Co.’s, 1888.

CAMERON, D. A. Herculean performer, Dan Rice’s, 1855.

CAMERON, JAMES VON. Equestrian director, E. K. Goodwin’s, 1860; equestrian director, ringmaster, and 4-horse rider, Hippotheatron, NYC, winter 1864-65; Melville’s, 1864; S. O. Wheeler’s, 1867-68; co-proprietor, Metchear & Cameron, 1870; Great Australian, 1870; ringmaster and 40-horse driver, Ben Maginley’s, 1874; proprietor, Cameron’s Great Oriental, 1875.

CAMMEA, LEON. New York Champs Elysees, 1866.

CAMP, E. N. Camp’s Grand Southern Circus, 1880.

CAMPBELL. Englishman and the most famous of the early clowns. Came to America, 1816, with the James West circus troupe as star performer. Acted as “clown to the rope,” and, among his other laughable feats, would ascend a pole 18 feet high, put his breast upon it, and in that state would turn around like the “fly of a jack,” with his hands and feet extended in the air. The troupe introduced the practice of still vaulting from a springboard, of which Cambell excelled, executing “many novel and amusing feats,” such as leaping over 3 horses with a pony standing on the backs of 2 of them. Was with West during his NYC turn at the Park Theatre for Price & Simpson and into the engagements at Boston and Providence that followed; also with Pepin & West, Olympic, Philadelphia, fall, 1817; Pepin’s, Olympic, Philadelphia, for hippodramas, 1818; Pepin’s, NYC, spring, 1819; Pepin’s, West Indies, 1819-20. Shows up again as singing clown with J. Purdy Brown’s, 1825-27. According to Stuart Thayer, the latter was Campbell’s first engagement in the United States since 1820.

CAMPBELL, AL G. (1858-March 4, 1937) General agent and proprietor, Campbell Bros.’, 1894-95, 1897-1912. See Campbell Brothers.

CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD “ARCHIE.” (November 16, 1830-July 31, 1882) Clown. Born at Ireland. Moved to Bethany, VA, at age 6. Was nephew of a famous divine and founder of the Campbellite Church. Possibly graduated from William and Mary’s College, 1853, with high honors; but, because of records lost during the Civil War, this cannot be confirmed. McFarland’s, 1852; Reynolds’, 1854; Robinson & Eldred, 1856; Robinson & Lake, 1860. Remained with

Robinson, primarily as clown, off and on until his death, with the exception of his years of service with the Union Army during the war. After being captured by the Confederates at the Stoneman raid, 1864, spent some time in Andersonville prison. Following release, was connected with Nixon’s Amphitheatre, Washington, 1865; Thayer & Noyes, 1865-66; December, 1865, part of a split troupe from the Thayer & Noyes organization, under the management of Dr. Thayer, which moved by steamboat along the tributaries of the Mississippi River. Albisu’s, Havana, 1866; John Robinson’s, 1867-68; with Cooke’s, Philadelphia, 1868; 1875 to 1882, cook house manager and steward for Robinson. Died of consumption in Redding, California.

CAMPBELL BROTHERS [Al, Edward, Lee, Fred, John, Charles]. Tumblers and leapers. Lemen Bros.’, 1891; Denver Dick’s Wild West and Sioux Indian Medicine Company, 1894. Included was Charles Campbell, slack wire performer—“Introducing his wonderful waltzing wire.”), W. W. Cole’s, 1881. Proprietors, Campbell Bros. Great Railroad Show, 1894-95, 1897-1912. John was the advertiser; Edward (1861-April 8, 1950) was treasurer.

CAMPBELL, G. H. Vocalist, Rockwell & Stone, 1846; general agent, Rockwell & Co., 1847.

CAMPBELL, JAMES R. Leaper, tumbler. P. T. Barnum’s, 1873; John Robinson’s, 1874-75; W. W. Cole’s, 1875, 1880; Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879-80; D. W. Stone’s, 1878; Sells Bros.’, 1879; W. W. Cole’s, 1880-81; Cantelli & Leon, Havana, Cuba, winter 1882-83; Wallace & Co., 1885; Miller, Okey & Freeman, 1886.

CAMPBELL, J. F. Proprietor, Campbell’s New York and Philadelphia Zoological and Equestrian Institute, 1878.

CAMPBELL, J. K. Courtney & Sanford’s Minstrels, a party made up in New York to travel with Courtney & Sanford’s Circus, South America, which sailed from New York, July 23, 1873.

CAMPBELL, “MASTER”. Monkey performer, with L. B. Lent’s, 1860.

CAMPBELL, R. C. Agent. Started in business as a bill poster. W. W. Cole’s, 1881-1886; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1888-1892. Settled in Chicago and organized the American Bill Posting Company with Burr Robbins. Remained in this business for some years; then sold his share to Robbins for $150,000. Settled in London where he organized a company along the same lines, which was also a money-maker. Returned to USA and built a home overlooking the Hudson River, NYC. Developed business interests in NYC. May, 1913, his body was found floating in the Hudson River, age 62. He had on his person a watch studded with diamonds and rubies said to be worth $1,000, quite a sum of money and some valuable papers, all of which were missing, which led to the belief that he had been murdered. [D. W. Watt: “He was a high class gentleman and was honest in all his dealings. Any lot owner who had done business with Bob Campbell was always glad to see him come their way again.”] Considered one of the brightest agents of his time, aggressive, loyal and a man of great energy.

CAMPBELL, T. W. Treasurer, H. W. Smith’s 1869.

CANE, MONS. General performer. Sands & Lent, 1848-49; Col. Mann’s, 1849; Rivers & Derious, 1855; Flagg & Aymar, 1856; John Robinson’s, 1857; Spalding & Rogers’ Floating Palace, 1858-59.

CANFIELD. Strong man. John Tryon’s, Bowery Amphitheatre, NYC, 1843; Welch’s, 1849-50; Spalding & Rogers, 1851; Mann & Moore, 1853; Spalding & Rogers, 1856.

CANHAM, TOM. Band leader and keyed bugle player. Spalding & Rogers, 1850; Dan Rice’s, 1858-59; Thayer & Noyes, 1863; John Robinson’s, 1866-70.

CANHAM, MME. Equestrienne, Dan Rice’s, 1859. Most probably the wife of Tom Canham.

CANNEA, LEON. Bareback on 4 ponies, with New York Champs Elysees, 1866.

CANTONE FAMILY. Statuary posing, Gollmar Bros.’, 1896.

CAPP, DWIGHT. Contracting agent, Hilliard & Hunting, 1878.

CAPPALINO, SIGNOR. (d. January 14, 1891) Animal act, Russian bears. Levi J. North’s, 1854; Rivers & Derious, 1855-57.

CAPPOLO, SIGNOR. (d. January 14, 1891) Clown, trapeze performer, contortionist. Consolidation Circus (W. B. Hough, manager), 1866; clown and general performer, W. W. Cole’s, 1871; Sells Bros.’, 1874; Sadler’s, 1875. Died at Port townsend, WA, where he had been performing at the Standard theatre. Age, about 45.

CAPULO, PROF. Punch and Judy performer, L. B. Lent’s, 1876.

CARBREY, A. Whittemore, Thompson & Co., 1865.

CARDELIA, F. C. Organist and harmonic bell ringer, Spalding & Rogers’ Floating Palace, 1859.

CARDELLO, CHARLES W. Gymnast. Teamed with Walter Victorelli, 1875, as Cardello & Victorelli, horizontal bar performers. Hilliard & Hunting, 1875-77; Campbell’s (John V. O’Brien’s), 1878; left in May to join Cooper & Bailey, South America; Batcheller & Doris, 1879-80 American Four Combination, 1881; Sells Bros.’, 1884; Miles Orton’s, 1885; James Donovan’s, Bermuda, winter 1891-92.

CARDOZO, SIG. PELUZIO. “Man of Fire,” W. W. Cole’s, 1879. Clothed only in a slight gar ment of his own invention and supplied with eye protection, entered a booth of flames, hot enough to “roast a fowl,” where he remained fully ten minutes, walking, standing, sitting in full view of the audience.

CAREY, HENRY. (1861-August 16, 1891) Rider and general performer. Born in Utica, NY. Much of his career spent in Mexico, Cuba and Central America. 4 and 6-horse rider, Alex Robinson’s, 1873-76; leaper, Great London, 1880; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1880-81; Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1882; catapult act, Cantellis & Leon, Havana, winter 1882-83; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, 1886; director, Howes’, 1888; Frank A. Gardner’s, South America, 1889. Died in Port Limon, Costa Rica, of heart trouble.

CARIETOR, CHARLES. G. G. Grady’s, 1869.

CARL, C. General performer, Horner & Bell, 1865.

CARLE, J. H. Gymnast, J. Hudson’s, 1872-73; dog act, Col. Spicer’s, 1886.

CARLEY. Co-proprietor, Carley, Purdy & Wright’s menagerie, 1830; Purdy, Carley & Bailey’s menagerie, 1831.

CARLISLE, JAMES. (1837?-February 16, 1864) Gymnast, general performer, Welch’s, Philadelphia, 1856. Died in Chicago of dropsy, age 27.

CARLISLE, RICHARD RISLEY. See Richard Risley.

CARLO FAMILY [Felix, George, William, Frederick, Leo, Harry, Amelia, Fanny, Hattie]. Gymnasts and clowns. Felix (r. n. William Lawrence, 1810?-March 28, 1884) was born in London of French-English descent. Joined an English circus as a gymnast at an early age and for a number years performed on the British Isles. Principal member of a French circus troupe in Paris, 1844 to 1846. Latter year, came to the USA and made a debut at the Bowery Amphitheatre, NYC, October 19. Two of his specialties were dancing on his head and the ladder flight. Henry Rockwell’s, 1847; Spalding & Rogers, 1849-51; Robinson & Eldred, 1852; Castle Garden, NYC, October 23, 1854; S. B. Howes’, 1855; H. P. Madigan’s, 1856; John Tryon’s, Bowery Circus, around 1857-58; Whitby’s, 1859. Last connection with circus performing, Niblo’s Garden, spring 1861, under the management of James M. Nixon. Remainder of his career was devoted to theatrical appearances. Died in NYC, age 74. William (d. September 14, 1879), an acrobat, managed the Carlo Brothers’ Circus for many years with his brothers, touring Australia and California. Married actress Fanny Brown in San Francisco, 1866. Bailey & Co., Spalding & Rogers’ Academy of Music, New Orleans, winter 1863-64, this being the first equestrian exhibition in that city in 3 years; Wilson, Zoyara & Carlo, California, 1864; John Wilson’s, Australia (and remained behind when Wilson took his troupe to India), 1866-67; Chiarini’s, South America, winter 1869-70; Olympic Theatre, NYC, with his brothers, 1874-75; P. T. Barnum’s, 1876. Organized a circus with his brothers to tour South America. Much time in later years devoted to training horses. Died at Kingston, Jamaica, of Bright’s disease. Carlo Brothers (William, Frederick, George) continued to be favorites in South America. Chiarini’s, Hippotheatron, NYC, 1872; organized a tour for South America, 1876, and sailed from New York in January, 1877. [M. B. Leavitt: “It was the strongest array of circus talent ever united for such a tour. It embraced many of the principal performers of Barnum’s, Castello’s, Coup’s, and various other shows. Every member was capable of presenting 3 or more acts, as it was necessary to change the program nightly in the Spanish speaking countries, and the performers had to be generally versatile.”] The Carlo Family (George, Fred, Harry, Amelia, Hattie), equestrians and gymnasts, Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1880-81; Shelby, Pullman & Hamilton, 1881. Carlo children were Leo, Hattie, Harry.

CARLO, FANNY. See Fanny Brown.

CARLO, LEO. Rider. Apprentice of George Carlo. See Carlo Family.

CARLO, NICOLO. Juggler, with Rosston, Springer & Henderson, 1871.

CARLOSS, CLARENCE. Gymnast, with Howes & Cushing, 1875.

CARLTON, GEORGE. Gymnast, clown, first time in USA, Gardner & Hemmings’, Philadelphia, 1865.

CARNALLA BROTHERS [3 in number]. Barrett’s, 1887; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1889.

CARNES, MISS. Equestrienne. Allemande on horse-back, Pepin, Breschard & Cayetano, Philadelphia, fall 1813; Pepin, Breschard & Cayetano, Baltimore, winter 1813; West’s, 1820.

CARNES. Apprentice through 1821. Debut, April 17, 1818. James West’s, 1818-21; Simpson & Price, Philadelphia, Baltimore, 1822; Simpson & Price, “C” Street Circus, Washington, DC, winter 1822-23; with his trained dogs, Richmond Hill Amphitheatre, summer 1823; John Rogers’, Brooklyn, NY, fall 1823; William Blanchard & William West’s, Canada, 1825.

CAROLE, MME. GULIEME. Equestrienne, Spalding & Rogers, 1850.

CARON FAMILY [Mlle. Angelique, Mons. L. Caron, Masters Alphonse and George]. Equestrians and acrobats, J. M. French’s, 1870.

CARPENTER, DAN. Great Eastern Menagerie, Museum, Aviary, Circus and Balloon Show (Dan Carpenter and R. E. J. Miles & Co., proprietors), 1872.

CARPENTER, EDWARD. Shetland pony driver, John H. Murray’s, 1875.

CARPENTER, FRANK. Equestrian. VanAmburgh’s, 1856; Hyatt Frost’s, 1857; Sands, Nathans & Co., Broadway Theatre, NYC, 1858; VanAmburgh’s southern, winter 1859-60; Howes’, 199 Bowery, NYC, winter 1863-64; Stone & Rosston, 1864; Gardner & Hemmings, 1864, 1866; Hippotheatron, 14th Street, NYC, November 1864; New York Champs Elysees, 1865; Nixon’s Amphitheatre, Washington, 1865.

CARPENTER, J. Sands, Nathans & Co., Broadway Circus, 1857-58; VanAmburgh’s, 1859.

CARR, ED. Equestrian director, Downie & Gallagher, 1892.

CARR, LOUIS B. As Carr Brothers with Henry Burdeau, trapeze and brother act, Robinson & Howes, 1864; George W. DeHaven & Co. (operated by Andrew Haight), 1865-66; Yankee Robinson’s, Chicago, 1866; C. T. Ames’, 1868. Louis was connected with George W. DeHaven’s, 1867; (with Winnie) C. T. Ames’, 1868. Married Kate Phillips of Louisville, KY, January 20, 1867, while with DeHaven’s at St. Paul, MN.

CARR, THOMAS. Rider. Robinson & Howes, 1863; rode a buffalo as part of his act, American Circus for the Paris Exposition, 1867; contracting agent, Harper Bros.’ European, 1893.

CARRE, PAULINE. Jesse W. Foster’s, 1894; Bentley’s, 1895.

CARRIER, J. T. Whitney Family’s, 1887; Orrin Barber’s, 1888.

CARRINGTON, J. M. “COL.” Proprietor, J. M. Carrington’s Great Southern Circus, 1874-75.

CARRINGTON, SAMUEL. Proprietor for the Crystal Palace Show, 1872.

CARRISKIE, WILLIAM. Slack-rope, Welch & Delavan, 1841.

CARROLL, ANNIE. Equestrienne. Bound servant of W. B. and Mary Ann Carroll and mother of Edna Snow. Married gymnast Eddie Snow, 1887; but sued for divorce April, 1892. Spalding, Rogers & Van Orden, 1851; Great Eastern, 1872-73; Maginley & Co., 1874; Cameron’s, 1875; John H. Murray’s, 1877; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1879-80, 1886; VanAmburgh’s, 1882; Wallace & Co., 1885; Great European, Cosmopolitan Rink, Broadway & 41st Street, NYC, winter 1885-86; Doris & Colvin, 1887; W. B. Reynolds’ Consolidated Shows, 1892; Charles McMahon’s, 1893. It was announced, October 5, 1918, that she had ruined her own health by nursing her daughter, Edna, a well known soubrette, who had been sick for 3 years of cancer of the stomach.

CARROLL BROTHERS. P. T. Barnum’s, 1877-80; W. C. Coup’s, 1881.

CARROLL, CORNELIA. (1843?-1917) Dancer, actress, and equestrienne. Daughter of Horace W. Smith; wife of William Carroll. A native of New Orleans and a theatrical protégé of Ben DeBar, actor-manager of the St. Charles Theatre in that city. Died in Washington, DC, in her 74th year.

CARROLL, DOLLY VARDEN. Male rider. Probably an apprentice to W. B. Carroll. May have dressed as a little girl in a carrying act with Barney Carroll, hence the name of Dolly. Haight’s Great Eastern, 1874; Cameron’s Great Oriental, 1875.

CARROLL, EDWARD. Tumbler, gymnast. Alexander Robinson’s, 1871; W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1894.

CARROLL, ELIZA. Maginley, Carroll & Co., 1868.

CARROLL, JAMES. Hurdle and pad rider, Robinson’s, California (Frank Frost, manager), 1886.

CARROLL, JOHN. (d. July 26, 1912) Equestrian, Shakespearean clown and jester. Stowe & Orton, 1870; Cole & Orton, 1871; W. W. Cole’s, 1873. At one time, manager Grand Central Varieties, Galveston, TX. Identified with the Sells-Floto Circus for a number of years and was considered an experience horse trainer and handler. Wife, Nellie Page, was in the profession also. Divorced Felicita, another wife, May 6, 1876, Galveston. Died from tuberculosis.

CARROLL, MARIE “MARIE ELISE.” (November 12, 1844-August 18, 1874) Equestrienne. Adopted daughter of W. B. and Mary Ann Carroll. Eloped with John J. Brand, August 1859; her father offered $50 reward for her return and the arrest of Brand. Married clown and circus manager Ben Maginley. Had classical dance training and was said to be the only female “trick rider” in the country in 1871. Featured for leaping over 16’ banners and jumping through 22” balloons. Olympic Theatre, New Orleans, summer 1848; Spalding & Rogers, 1850 (at that time was advertised as a lion tamer who, with her “faithful dog, Fidele,” entered the den “of an infuriated leopard.”). Spalding, Rogers & Van Orden’s People’s, 1851; H. Buckley & Co., 1857-58; Davis & Crosby, 1859; Maginley & VanVleck,, 1863; James M. Nixon’s Alhambra, NYC, fall 1863; Old Cary’s, 1864; principal rider, Ben Maginley’s, 1864; Haight & Chambers, 1866; Maginley, Carroll & Co., 1867-68; Bailey & Co., 1870; Joel E. Warner’s, 1872. Died of consumption at her residence in Westchester, NY, age 29.

CARROLL, MARY ANN. [Mrs. W. B. Carroll, nee Mary Ann Sprague]. (d. May 18, 1900) Equestrienne. James Raymond’s, 1843-44; Dr. Gilbert R. Spalding’s, 1845; Davis & Crosby, 1859; Old Cary’s, traveling up and down the Mississippi River area by boat and railroad, 1864; Maginley, Carroll & Co., 1867. During the latter year, was thrown from her horse and injured to the extent that her career was considered finished. The

accident was said to have been caused by the ringmaster lowering his whip in front of the horse too soon, allowing the animal to enter the ring unexpectedly, throwing Mrs. Carroll and stepping on her chest. Died at her home in Westchester, NY.

CARROLL, PRIMROSE. Clown, with Adam Forepaugh’s, 1893.

CARROLL, W. B. “BARNEY.” (March 13, 1816-July 14, 1889) Rider and vaulter. Born in Knoxville, TN. Joined a small show at age 12, apprenticing to George Sweet, 1830, and learning to become a leading 1 and 2-horse rider, leaper and acrobat. 1844, created a sensation by riding bareback and carrying a boy on his head, supposedly the first time the feat had been done. Other feats included leaping over 8 or 9 horses and a 2-horse act with his 5 year old “daughter.” [John A. Dingess: “His 2-horse carrying act, with the little waif Dolly Verden, was one of the most beautiful feats performed in the arena.”] Had few equals as an equestrian manager and was known as a prompt and diligent worker. With Yeaman’s, 1831; French, Hobby & Co., 1835; Palmer’s, 1836; Waring and Raymond, New Orleans, winter 1837-38; Ludlow & Smith, American Theatre, New Orleans, 1840; N. A. Howes’, 1842; James Raymond’s, 1842-44; equestrian manager, Rockwell & Stone, 1843; rider, John Tryon’s, Bowery Amphitheatre, NYC, 1843, 1846; Dr. Gilbert R. Spalding’s, 1844-46; Sands, Lent & Co., 1846; Howes & Co., 1847; Sands, Lent & Co., Chatham Theatre, 1847, and also at the Bowery Amphitheatre that winter season; Spalding & Rogers, American Theatre, New Orleans, winter 1850-51; Davis & Crosby, 1859; Nixon’s, Washington, DC, fall 1862; James M. Nixon’s Alhambra, NYC, fall 1863; Madame Macarte’s European Circus (James M. Nixon, proprietor), 1863; equestrian director, Maginley & VanVleck, 1863; Old Cary’s, traveling up and down the Mississippi River area by boat and railroad, 1864; Maginley & Bell, 1864; Thayer & Noyes, winter 1865-66; George W. DeHaven’s, operated by Andrew Haight, 1865-66; Haight & Chambers, 1866. Teamed with Ben Maginley in a circus venture, Maginley, Carroll & Co., 1867-68. Went as far as Omaha, NE. Carroll wanted to continue further west but Maginley was fearful of the Indians. Equestrian director, George W. DeHaven’s, 1869; Mike Lipman’s, fall 1869; H. W. Smith’s, winter 1869-70; equestrian director, James W. Robinson’s, 1870; Haight & Co., winter 1871-72; rider, Haight’s Great Eastern, 1873-74. Established a performing school, 1874, enrolling pupils during the winter seasons, specializing in training bareback riders. Equestrian director, Cameron’s, 1875; VanAmburgh’s, 1876, 1882; John H. Murray’s, 1877; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1879; equestrian director, Frank A. Robbins’, 1888. Last appearance, ringmaster, circus on Fourth Avenue and 14th Street, NYC, 1889. Died at his home near Van Ness, Westchester County, NY, age 74.

CARROLL, WILLIAM “WILLIE.” Rider and leaper. Adopted son of W. B. Carroll. Antonio & Carroll, 1857; Davis & Crosby, 1859; Maginley & Carroll, 1868; John Robinson’s, 1869-72; leaper and vaulter, H. M. Smith’s, 1870; gymnast, John Robinson’s, 1872; clown, Goldenburg’s, 1874; rider, Great Eastern, 1872; rider, Cameron’s Great Oriental Circus, 1875. May the same man that was acrobat and side-show song and dance man, P. T. Barnum’s, 1877; tumbler and leaper, P. T. Barnum’s, 1879-80.

CARROLL, WILLIAM. See William Miaco.

CARSON, KIT. Acrobat, leaper and tumbler, with John H. Murray’s, 1874.

CARTER, EDWARD “NED.” Gymnast, vaulter, slack rope. Parson’s circus, Albany, before connecting with Bancker’s, 1824; Samuel McCracken’s, 1825-26; rider, Parson’s Amphitheatre, Albany, 1826; Tivoli Gardens, Philadelphia, July 1826; J. Purdy Brown’s, 1828.

CARTER, JAMES. Banjoist, Welch & Mann, 1846. May be the J. B. Carter listed below.

CARTER, JAMES. (1813?-May 11, 1847) Wild beast tamer with conflicting origins. One version states he was brought to England from America by VanAmburgh and introduced by Andrew Ducrow at Astley’s, 1839. Another has it George Wombwell, having seen Henri Martin at Drury Lane, 1831, hired Carter, a handsome young farm boy who had run away from home with a traveling freak show, and trained him to become a rival to Martin. In any event, Carter’s stay in the United States was comparatively brief. In England, Ducrow engaged him at Astley’s, 1839, for a spectacle, Afghan, in which he performed with a whole menagerie on stage behind a network of strong wire. Critics claimed his lions and tigers were too docile. Next drama at Astley’s, The Lion of the Desert; or, The French in Algiers, he descended from the grid with one of his leopards in a balloon. VanAmburgh leased the Royal Lyceum Theatre and English Opera House for Carter and himself to perform as “lion brothers” in Aslar And Ozines! or, the Lion Hunters Of The Burning Zaara. They also appeared in Mungo Park; or The Arabs Of the Niger. In this piece Carter was drawn across the stage in a chariot by a team of lions. The play also included a tiger fight. Died in England, age 34.

CARTER, J. B. Courtney & Sanford’s Minstrels, a party made up in New York to travel with Courtney & Sanford’s Circus in South America, which sailed from New York, July 23, 1873.

CARTER, JOHN. Acrobat and elephant performer. A. Hunt & Co., 1838; Dan Rice’s, 1855-56, where he was trainer for the famed elephant Lalla Rookh.

CARTER, NED. Lion tamer, William West’s, 1825.

CARVELLO, FRANK. Contracting agent, Gillmeyer, Bryson & Co., 1888.

CARVER, WILLIAM F. “DR.” (d. August 31, 1927) Wild West performer, “Champion shot of the World.” Described in 1886 as standing six feet two inches in height, weighing 248 pounds, with long, blond hair framing a handsome face. Although born in Stephenson County, Illinois, in 1840, he spent a number of years on the frontier, trapping, hunting and trading with the Indians. On contract in the winter, 1874, shot and killed 5,000 buffalo in western Nebraska. Dr. Carver Co., 1883; Dr. Carver’s Wild West, 1884; partner with William Cody, original Buffalo Bill Wild West Show, 1884; arrested for libeling Cody, 1885. With W. W. Cole’s, 1886, performance consisted of shooting of glass balls while riding full speed, then dismounting and breaking doubles and singles with grace and rapidity, and finally breaking three balls tossed into the air. Dallas (TX) Morning News: “He broke a bushel basket full of balls, aiming from the most difficult positions and frequently changing his rifle from the right to the left shoulder. The secret of his marksmanship seems to be in the possession of a peculiar dexterity of the hand and mind in which the eye, beyond its function of general observation, does not seem to cut much of a figure.” When asked about his most memorable shooting, his reply was: “On July 18, 1879, in Brooklyn, N. Y., in a match to shoot 5,500 balls in 500 minutes I broke them in 430 minutes, and had 70 minutes to spare. The next great feat was in London for the championship of the world. I shot for three days against fourteen of the best shots the world could produce, winning the championship of the world, scoring 93 out of 100 and having seven to fall dead out of bounds, which is the greatest pigeon record. The next was a clay pigeon match, and I made 595 out of 600, scoring 300 in succession. In New Orleans in 1884 I killed 1,000 bats in seventy-one minutes, loading my own gun. In New Haven, Jan. 12, 1884, I shot 60,000 balls in the six days, shooting 10,000 each day. The gun weighed ten pounds, and lifting this each shot made 10,000 pounds which I lifted each day with my left arm. It required a pressure of forty-eight pounds to load and unload for each shot, which made a pressure of 480,000 pounds, which is the most wonderful feat of endurance on record.” The reporter then asked what he attributed to his success. He responded with: “Chiefly to my prohibition proclivities. My nerves have never been shattered by either whiskey or tobacco. I have been held up as a shining example by the temperance people all over the world. I was never sick a minute in my life.” W. W. Cole’s, 1886; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1888-89; Dr. Carver’s Wild America, 1892. Died at Sacramento, CA.

CARVER, WILLIAM. Cousin of Hyatt Frost. Formerly interested in VanAmburgh’s. Retired to a farm in Madison County, IN, 1882.

CARY, CARRIE. Probably the daughter of V. Cary. Old Cary’s Great World Circus, 1864.

CARY, H. leaper, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881.

CARY, O. S. Advance manager, Hurlburt & Hunting, 1885; advance manager, C. W. Kidder & Co.’s, 1893.

CARY, WILLIAM. Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1880.

CARY, V. “OLD CARY.” Clown and proprietor. Said to have managed every kind of outfit “from the five-legged dog show to a menagerie.” Haight & Chambers’, 1866. Proprietor and clown of Old Cary’s Great World Circus, which started in Little Rock, AR, and toured through Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, and Wisconsin by rail and boat, 1864.

CASE, A. Press agent, Barnum’s, 1875.

CASEY, CHARLES. Knockabout clown, Harry Thayer & Co.’s, 1890.

CASH, CHARLES. Scenic rider, John Forepaugh’s, California, 1888.

CASH, GEORGE. Snake and alligator exhibit, Van Amburgh & Co., 1880; manager, Great Pacific Consolidated Show, 1894.

CASINO, ANDREW and ALICE. Gymnasts and double trapeze, Howes & Cushing, 1875.

CASS, A. O. Car manager, John Robinson’s, car #2, 1882-87; car #1, 1888-89; car #2, 1892.

CASSELLI, JOHN. See Australian Four.

CASSIDY, C. W. (d. June 6, 1887) Agent, Howes & Cushing, 1857, on their trip to England; in Liverpool, organized the first band of “Female Christy Minstrels.”

CASSIM, JAMES. (1851?-May 13, 1879) Acrobat. Born in England of a Scotch mother and an East Indian father. Both died when he was a young boy. Around 1870, formed a partnership with Edwin Fritz and performed under the name of Cassim & Fritz, traveling through France and Spain, then to India and South America. Following this, engaged for a year at the Bella Union Theatre, San Francisco; later, at the Theatre Comique, St. Louis and at the Metropolitan Theatre, NYC, the latter under the management of R. W. Butler. Traveled with L. B. Lent’s for 2 seasons, performing in variety theatres in the winter. Howes & Cushing, 1875; Cooper & Bailey, 1876, and went with the show to Australia and South America. Returning, opened at Niblo’s Garden, NYC, December 23, 1878.

Cassim then joined Cooper & Bailey, 1879 season, during which was crushed by a train while walking on the railroad tracks near his sleeping car at Johnstown, PA., age 28.

CASSIMER, MONS. Performing drummer. Claimed to have been chief drum-major for the French army. Feats included the beating of 12 drums at once; with a single drum, dramatizing the “Battle of Waterloo,” imitating the morning call, assembly of troops, volleys of musketry, cannonading, the charge, retreat, rally, etc. Rockwell & Stone, 1845.

CASSUS, JOHN. Bird act, sideshow, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1880.

CASTELLA, MISS (Mrs. McFarland). Took McFarland’s place on Levi North’s roster. She once walked a wire from the roof of North’s Chicago amphitheater to the top of the building opposite; was with Levi J. North from 1856 through 1860; appeared with Cooke & Robinson in 1861; after that, retired.

CASTELLANO, ISIDRO. Tumbler, leaper, jockey racer, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1882.

CASTELLO, ADA [nee Ada Wallett]. See Dave Castello, Sr.

CASTELLO, ARTIE [or Costello]. Swinging perche, VanAmburgh’s, 1896. Brother of Dave Castello (or Costello).

CASTELLO BROTHERS. See Costello Brothers.

CASTELLO, DAN. (1832 or 1834-July 27, 1909) Showman, clown, leaper and vaulter. Exact date of birth has never been established. The death certificate gave it as 1832; an 1873 Barnum show press release said it was 1827; Sturtevant’s files list 1834; and Chindahl’s notes give a choice of 1827 or 1834; Gordon Yadon’s biography in Banner Line (March 15, 1968) includes an inclination to go with the 1832 date. Born in Kingston, Ontario, and raised near Syracuse, NY. Father was a quarryman who worked for a firm named Blood & Cady. Became acrobat, leaper, clown, and animal trainer. Trained the bull named Don Juan. At his best, vaulted over 16 horses from the low batteau. [As described: “In leaving the batteau he would shoot into the air to a height of about 20 feet as straight as an arrow, then by a very quick turn of the neck and bending of the knees he would turn a somersault in a twinkling and strike on his feet in an erect position.”] Began circus career, 1849, but no reference to him occurs until 1854. That year, moved to Delavan, WI, and joined the Mabie Bros.’ as an acrobat. May have served an apprenticeship in the previous 5 years with June & Turner. With Mabies’, 1854-55. First announcement of his appearing as clown, 1856, John Robinson’s. By 1857, was married to Frances Castello, who appeared with him as a rider on Harry Buckley’s. This union was eventually blessed with a son and a daughter, neither of whom became performers. Mid-season, 1857, left the Buckley show to join Major Brown’s. Spalding & Rogers, New Orleans, winter 1857-58; Satterlee & Bell, 1858; Nixon & Co, 1859 (advertised as Pedro Gonzalez). Went to England, October 1859; took the educated bull, Don Juan, and a trained buffalo with him. Connected with Hengler’s, 1860. Charles Dickens saw him at the Alhambra, London, and wrote, “he did not jump, he flew.” Latter part 1860, joined Howes & Cushing in Ireland. Injured in an attack by the buffalo, and later while performing a leap, returned to USA, October, 1860. Appeared with Spalding & Rogers, NYC, that winter, and aboard the Floating Palace, New Orleans, early 1861, but soon came north with Spalding & Rogers because of the peril of war. George W. DeHaven & Co., 1862; Castello & Van Vleck, 1863; Robinson & Howes, Chicago, winter 1863-64. Organized Dan Castello’s Own Great Show, 1864, St. Paul, MN. Chartered the steamboat Jeannette Roberts and toured down the Mississippi and up and down the Ohio. In the fall, spent 2 weeks in Memphis, and then descended the Mississippi to take advantage of the presence of the Union Army on the lower river. The circus remained close to this audience until spring. 1865, the route was an up river journey to Nashville; there, combined with show owned by Seth B. Howes, and managed by Howes’ son, Egbert. At the end of the Howes-Castello season, James M. Nixon became a partner, January 1866, buying the Howes’ equipment and leasing some of its animals. When the circus emerged from Frederick, MD, April 1868, and opened its season in Wheeling, WV, it was called Castello, Howes & Nixon. The show went as far west as Kansas City, and ended the season in Mobile, Alabama, for the winter. 1869, season began with a route across the South to Savannah, then north to Virginia and west to Tennessee, and out to Kansas. Reached Omaha just as the Union Pacific Railroad was finishing its track to California. At Nixon’s urging the show (10 cages, a bandwagon, 2 elephants and 2 camels) was loaded on the railroad to proceed across the plains, the first circus in history to go coast to coast in a single season. Castello later said they netted $1,000 a day for 31 straight days. Much of the circus was sold in California, with Castello’s half of the profits amounting to $60,000. Joined W. C. Coup, 1870, in putting a company on a Great Lakes steamer, visiting towns where a circus was a great novelty. Castello, Coup and P. T. Barnum each put up $60,000 to take out the Barnum show, 1871-75. [P. T. Barnum: “Give me Dan Castello and money enough to reach the first stop and I’ll come home with a fortune at the end of the season, I don’t care if it rains every day.”] Left circus business; went into a mining enterprise, putting up about $80,000, owning about all of Deadwood, ND, but went broke. Dan Castello’s Centennial Circus, 1876; Hudson & Co., 1881; 1883-90, Harris’ Nickel-Plate; Castello title used by J. E. Noble, 1890. Died of Bright’s disease, Rochester, NY.

CASTELLO, DAN. (1836?-April 23, 1901) Clown. Said to have been started in the ring by P. T. Barnum. As a clown, had a ready wit and a talent for extemporizing songs. After years with Barnum and Forepaugh, retired with a small fortune, married, and settled in New London, CT, in the hotel business. Was too much of a sport, however, and money simply slipped away. Upon losing the hotel, engaged as a steamboat hand but eventually landed in the Bowery, NYC, doing odd jobs. Died in the back room of Taylor’s Hotel, destitute at age 65.

CASTELLO, DAN, JR. An apprentice of Dan Castello’s who made his ring debut in 1870. It is not known if he was adopted by the Castellos. Died at Racine, WI, November 7, 1903, age 44.

CASTELLO, DAVE, SR. [r. n. Dave C. Laughlin]. (1860-October 16, 1922) Jockey and bareback rider, and 2-horse carrying act performer. Native of Norfolk, VA, apprenticed to Dan Castello and took his name. Bareback somersault rider, P. T. Barnum’s, 1871-74, 1877, executing daring riding without saddle or bridle, also did somersault riding and an Indian riding act and appeared in a comic scene entitled “Jockey & Trainer”; boy bareback and hurdle rider, Howes & Cushing, 1875; Chiarini’s, San Francisco, 1879; Hilliard & DeMott, 1881, 1882, married 19 year old Ada Wallett, member of a famous English circus family, a native of Birmingham, performer of the “Zazel” act. After their marriage, she developed the skill art of bareback riding. 1885-86, the Four Castellos, Dave, wife and two of his brothers, George and Willie, rode with W. H. Harris Circus Cole’s; Cooper, Jackson & Co., 1882-83; W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1885-87, 1891; Albert Hose’s, 1893; somersault riding act, Robert Hunting’s, 1894-95; Stickney & Donovan, Central and South America, 1897; VanAmburgh & Co., 1896; Norris & Rowe’s, 1908. Castello, Sr. retired to his home, Henderson, NC. Bought a hotel there. Raised five children - Fred, Dave, Jr., Charles, Edward and Edith, all became riders except Charles who was an aerialist. 1905, was co-owner of the Castello & Graves Circus, with winter quarters at Cortland, NY. Died at age 62 at his home, Ada continued to ride for about a dozen years, usually with David, Jr. Castello, Sr. she died on October 15, 1929, also in Henderson. [See John Daniel Draper, “The Castellos, a Family of Famous Riders,” Bandwagon, September/October, 2003.]

CASTELLO, ERNEST. John Robinson’s, 1868.

CASTELLO FAMILY [George, Elmo, William, Minnie]. Great Wallace, 1891; Sells Bros.’s Australian tour, 1891-92.

CASTELLO, FRANCES [Mrs. Dan Castello]. Apparently a rider appearing in the grand entry only. Castello & VanVleck, 1863; Dan Castello’s, 1866-70; P. T. Barnum’s, 1871.

CASTELLO, GEORGE. (d. February 3, 1903) General agent, Walter B. Aymar’s circus company, South America, early 1870s; outside privileges manager, P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-73; contracting agent, Anderson & Co., 1879; general agent, Hilliard & Main, 1883; with Joseph McMahon, purchased equipment from Terrell Bros.’, 1892; last engagement, Pawnee Bill’s Wild West Show. Died in Cook County Hospital, Chicago.

CASTELLO, HARRY. Adolescent rider, P. T. Barnum’s, 1871.

CASTELLO, HENRY. Clown, H. P. Madigan’s, 1856.

CASTELLO, JOHNNY. Adolescent rider, P. T. Barnum’s, 1871.

CASTELLO, WILLIAM. Robinson & Deery, 1864; ringmaster, Alexander Robinson’s, 1875.

CASTILE, A. H. General performer, VanAmburgh’s, 1874.

CASTILIAN BROTHERS. C. T. Ames’, 1868.

CASTILLA, MISS. Wire-walker and rider. At one time was married to James McFarland. Levy J. North’s National Amphitheatre, 1857-60; wire ascensionist, George W. DeHaven & Co.’s, 1865. Was the object of her former husband’s jealousy, which brought about his death. See James McFarland.

CASTILLO. Ringmaster, John Robinson’s, 1868.

CASTINELL, GEORGE. High-wire free act, Washington Bros.’s, 1887.

CASTINEYRA, ALICE. Race rider, P. T. Barnum’s Roman Hippodrome, 1875.

CASTLE BROTHERS. M. O’Conner & Co., 1870.

CASTLE, CHARLES H. (September 6, 1816-September 25, 1884) Agent. Born in Waterbury, CT. First engaged with Dan Rice’s, 1851-53. Entered into management with Harry Whitbeck and Wash Kidwell, 1853, to form Whitbeck & Co.’s One-Horse Show, an enterprise that lasted only one season. Spalding & Rogers’ Floating Palace, 1853-54; Dan Rice’s, 1855-60; Thayer & Noyes’, 1862; Goodwin & Wilder, 1862; Bryan’s, with Mrs. Dan Rice, 1863; Mrs. Charles Warner’s, 1864; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1867; John O’Brien’s, 1868-73, 1878; general agent, John Robinson’s, 1872; advance agent, Spalding & Ryan’s, 1873; P. T. Barnum’s, 1874-75; Batcheller & Doris, 1879; Sells Bros.’s, 1880. Married twice, the last time to Mrs. S. Jones. Lovingly called “Old Roughhead,” was considered a companionable and able story teller, as well as a fair singer and jig dancer. [John A. Dingess: “The most eccentric of all circus agents with whom I have been acquainted and whose untiring energy was never for a moment allowed to flag.”] One of the best known circus agents of his day died at his home in Syracuse, NY.

CASTLE, FRED R. (March 30, 1854-December 29, 1913) Leaper and tumbler. Born in Ogdensburg, NY. When one year old his parents moved to Galesburg., IL. Entered the circus profession, 1868, as an acrobat with M. O’Connor’s Great Western, working in conjunction with Harry Lamkin, doing leaps and ground tumbling. Remained with that show through 1871 season. W. W. Cole’s, 1872; somersault rider, Smith & Baird, 1872; Transatlantic Shows, winter 1872-73; P. A. Older’s, 1873; Transatlantic Shows, winter 1873-74; VanAmburgh’s, 1874; Sells Bros.’, 1875-78; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1879-82 (on this show did a double somersault over 14 elephants). After which, left the show and moved to Clayton, KS, and tried farming and raising stock until 1897, when he joined Campbell Bros.’ Following that, Buckskin Bill’s for 2 seasons; Cosmopolitan Carnival; Snyder and Anderson several seasons furnishing calliope music; a year with Kennedy Carnival Co. Last traveling season, Herbert A. Kline’s, 1911. Married Mlle. Yerba (a Miss Harris). In his late years, confined himself to buying, selling and leasing show property and traveling with his steam calliope. Contracted a cold, December 24, 1913, while visiting the Eschman shows; was rendered worse through a fire which destroyed his home on the 26th in Hot Springs, AR. Died at the Home Hotel of bronchial pneumonia.

CASTOR, GEORGE T. (d. January 20, 1891) Gymnast. Was before the public some 19 years, with Adam Forepaugh’s, John V. O’Brien’s, Batcheller & Dorris; Walter L. Main’s, 1885-90. With partner, Correia, known as the American Japs. [George S. Cole: “Castor and Correia did the best high perch act I ever saw. Mr. Correia held the thirty foot pole while Mr. Castor mounted it and went through a wonderful performance. They did a fine double trapeze, and Mr. Castor went in leaps and tumbling, besides at times playing ring master, and in case of sickness working performing dogs and trick horses. He was an all around performer....”] Died at his home in Frankfort, PA.

CASTRONI, MATTIE ROBINSON. Rider and mounted broadsword fencer. Barnum & Bailey, 1893, and then joined B. F. Wallace’s to drive a tandem team and do her specialty of fencing on horseback with her husband, Prof. G. M. Castroni. Wore costumes of armor and velvet in the style of Italian 15th century.

CATHERS, JOHN (1853?-February 18, 1908) Started in the business, 1887, with the Lowande, Hoffman & Cathers’; Cathers & Shellcross’, 1889; interest in Wyoming Wild West Show, 1895; last venture, Cathers, Downs & Bailey, stranded in Quebec, Canada. Died from intestinal trouble in Philadelphia, age 55.

CAUSSIN, MADAME. Wire-walker. From Franconi’s in Paris, arrived USA with her husband in June, 1818. Joined Pepin’s company, Olympic, Philadelphia, at that time and remained with him into the following year.

CAUSSIN, MONS. Strong man and general performer. Pepin’s company, 1819. Act consisted of supporting 8 people while on his hands and knees. Arrived in America with his wife, a wirewalker, in June, 1818, coming from Franconi’s circus in Paris.

CAVALLA, CHARLES [this may be Charles Covelli]. Clown. G. G. Grady’s, 1870; Alexander Robinson’s, 1872-73.

CAVANAUGH, W. B. Clown. Spalding & Rogers, 1859; G. F. Bailey & Co., 1861; sideshow performer, director and comic vocalist, Van Amburgh’s, 1866.

CAYETANO, MRS. First mentioned, 1814, as a member of Cayetano’s company performing in the West. Stuart Thayer believes that she could possibly be Mrs. Redon, who had been a member of Pepin, Breschard, Cayetano organization but whose name disappears after 1814.

CAYETANO. (d. 1817) Rider, acrobat and clown. Pepin & Breschard, 1809. Took a circus group to Newburyport, MA, where he opened April 2, 1810; closed on May 17; then went to Exeter and Portsmouth, NH; the company returned to NYC in time to join Pepin & Breschard, and open with them on June 21. Had his own troupe which opened at Davis’ Boston Circus, January 31, 1811; then went on to other nearby New England cities; was in Albany and NYC, spring 1812, and carried the distinction of being the first such to exhibit an elephant—“Old Bet,” displayed, June 25, 1812. Company was in Charleston, SC, fall 1812, where sometime during the run Caytano’s circus combined with Pepin & Breschard’s; together they returned to NYC, July, 1813. Along with partners Pepin and Breschard, took the first organized circus company west of the Appalachians, spring 1814, when the troupe performed at Pittsburgh and at Cincinnati. It is not known how long the company stayed but Pepin & Breschard were back in Charleston that fall. Cayetano remained in the West where he performed with his troupe in such places as Cincinnati, Chillicothe, Lexington, Louisville, Natchez, New Orleans, etc. Epidemic of yellow fever hit the city of New Orleans, summer 1817, causing Cayetano’s circus to be closed. A victim of the plague, by November 7, was dead. Performed a comic act on 2 horses, “Fish Woman, or The Metamorphasis,” as an “immensely fat fish woman, in a huge bonnet and uncouth garments,” and then divesting himself of various layers of clothing, made a final bow as an “elegant cavalier.” Conducted feats of horsemanship with “hooks, hat and glove,” ending with a leap of four ribbons. Did an act, “Madame Angold,” when, dressed as a woman, he burlesqued a riding lesson. Performed the pyramid with a boy on his shoulders as “Flying Mercury.” Enacted a comic fist fight with another clown. Rode seated in a chair placed atop his mount. Leaped over ribbons while his feet were tied together.

CAZANOVIA, PROF. Magician, W. W. Cole’s, 1885.

CEBALLOS, T. R. (1843?-March 20, 1906) Balloonist. Traveled through Australia and the Orient with Orrin Bros.’; Cuba and South America with Hadwin & Williams; West Indies with R. H. Dockrill’s; and toured America and Europe with Barnum & Bailey. Also, managed his own show through South America. Died in Bridgeport, CT, age 63.

CELESTE, BELLE. (1849?-February 24, 1898) Gymnast. Sister of Rose and Gene Celeste. Considered to be one of the finest female gymnasts in America. At one time worked in partnership with C. C. Matthews, gymnast, and George Austin, wire walker. Married William Ducrow in Boston while both were with Lent’s New York Circus, May 18, 1874. Some time later, married George Wambold. Connected with P. T. Barnum’s, Adam Forepaugh’s and others. Allen’s Great Eastern, 1880; Holland & McMahon, 1887-88; high-wire, Albert Hose’s, 1893. Forced to retired shortly following because of injuries incurred by a fall from a trapeze while with Markowitz’ in Cleveland. Died at her home in Chicago from peritonitis, age 49.

CELESTE, ROSE [Mrs. G. DeYoung]. (b. February 4, 1848) Wire-walker. Sister of Belle and Gene Celeste. Born in Jacksonville, FL. Made first ascension at the Cliff House, San Francisco, 1864. Later, connected with Lee & Ryland, San Francisco, winter 1866-67; Allen’s Great Eastern, 1880.

CERITO FAMILY [Leon, Blanche, Maude]. Trapeze performers. First appeared in America, VanAmburgh’s, 1881.

CHABERT, DR. JULIEN XAVIER. (d. August 29, 1859) Fire eater, known as the “Fire King.” Born in France. First appeared in NYC, Old Clinton Hall, Nassau St., 1832. In his act, remained in an immense body of fire until his entire apparel was consumed; swallowed large spoonfuls of pure Florence oil, heated to 340 degrees; swallowed 10 grains of phosphorous (4 grains being sufficient to kill another human). Died of consumption in NYC.

CHAGROIS, MASTER. Equestrian, Pepin’s troupe in the Midwest, 1823.

CHALET, M. Concert ventriloquist, Cooper, Bailey & Co.’s Circus, Australian tour, 1877-78.

CHAMBERS, DR. C. S. T. Agent. George W. DeHaven’s (operated by Andrew Haight), 1866; Haight & Chambers, 1867; C. T. Ames’, 1868-69. Said to have left his position as business manager with Ames’, November 1869, to retire from the profession and work for a wholesale house in Cincinnati. Later source stated he retired to keep a jewelry store in Charleston, WV, 1871.

CHAMBERS, SAM [“Silver Top”]. (about 1837-May 1, 1887) Clown. Born in Pennsylvania. Ran away from home as a boy, later joining a circus in a minor capacity. Ultimately, became proprietor and clown with Chambers Circus, where he was christened “Old Silver Top.” During the Civil War, was in command of a Pennsylvania regiment. Following the fighting, became a temperence lecturer. Married a woman 25 years his junior, Corydon, IN, about 1877, with whom he reared 2 children. Died in Greensburg, IN, at which time he was traveling for a Madison cracker firm.

CHAMBERS, WASHINGTON. (d. 1861) Clown. Welch & Delavan, 1841; Welch & Mann troupe (with Mann’s unit to Surina, etc.), 1843-44; Mann, Welch & Delavan, 1844, 1845; Welch & Mann, 1846; Welch, Delavan & Nathan, 1848-49; Buckley & Co., 1857-58; Orton & Older, 1858; Robinson & Lake, 1859. Fell from the flies in St. Louis Theatre and was killed.

CHAMBERS, WILLIAM. Equestrian, VanAmburgh & Co., 1881.

CHAMBERS, WILLIAM W. (June 11, 1863-February 9, 1935) Born at Frankford, PA. 1880, Batchellor & Doris as an apprentice. Because he was skillful handling long strings of ponies, was dubbed “The Star Kid Driver.” Drove for Adam Forepaugh’s, 1882-85, 1887-90; Frank A. Robbins, 1886; Sells Bros.’ and Forepaugh-Sells’, 1891-1906, elephant trainer and superintendant of animals. Later, with Ringling Bros.’ and others until 1918. Died at Columbus, OH.

CHAMPION, CHARLES. Acrobat, leaper, Rockwell & Stone, 1845; Rockwell’s Amphitheatre, Cincinnati, 1846.

CHAMPLIN, DANIEL. Tight-rope and general performer. American who performed balancing feats on the wire with James West’s circus troupe, 1821-22. With West for the Englishman’s last appearance in this country, 1822. With Joseph Cowell’s, 1823; wire-walker, William Blanchard’s, 1823; tight-rope performer, John Rogers’, 1823-24; riding master and vaulter, J. Purdy Brown’s, 1825-26, 1829; rider and wire-walker, Parson’s Amphitheatre, Albany, 1826; balancing and juggling, Fogg & Co., 1828. A small but muscular man, agile on his feet and an excellent wrestler; few men, larger or smaller, could upend him. Died in Mobile, AL.

CHANDLER, J. M. Assistant, Yankee Robinson’s, 1868; general agent, Older’s, 1871-72; general agent, Great Trans-Atlantic, 1873; Stevens & Begun, 1874.

CHANG YU SING. Chinese Giant, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881-84.

CHANNON, H. Ringmaster, Howes’ Great London, 1872; L. B. Lent’s, 1873.

CHAPIN, B. Manager and proprietor, B. Chapin & Co., 1874. Show closed after 5 weeks and re-organized, adding Charles Cooper to management as a half-interest and changing the title to Cooper & Chapin’s.

CHAPMAN, PROF. Trained horses, Nixon’s Amphitheatre, Chicago, 1872.

CHAPPELLE, W. J. Press agent, Shelby, Pullman & Hamilton, 1881.

CHARDILER, CHARLES. Lion performer, John Forepaugh’s, California, 1888.

CHAREST FAMILY. Aerialists. Rode high-wheeled bikes across the wire, S. H. Barrett & Co., 1883. Mons. George Charest, high-wire and outside ascension, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884; Burr Robbins’, 1885.

CHARLES, GEORGE. Booker & Howard’s Minstrels, L. B. Lent’s, 1865.

CHARLES, MASTER. 8 year old apprentice with Pepin & Breschard, 1811-12, this being his first season. Pepin, Breschard & Cayetano, 1813; moved over with Ceyatano when Pepin & Breschard disbanded, Cayetano probably taking over his apprenticeship. Continued with him, 1814-16.

CHARLES, SAM. Assistant treasurer, W. W. Cole’s, 1875.

CHARLTON, MARIE. See Marie Ashby.

CHARLTON, NATHANIEL DANIEL. (d. June 25, 1889) English equestrian clown, gymnast, stilt walker. Fanque’s, Thomas Cooke’s, and Newsome’s in England; Cooke’s Royal Amphitheatre (James M. Nixon, proprietor), Niblo’s Garden, NYC, 1860; James M. Nixon’s, 1860, billed as the “oldest of gymnasts.” [New York Clipper: “The powers of equilibrium possessed by this artist, especially in the drunken scene, at once surprising and amusing to the extreme.”]

CHARMON, C. H. Ringmaster, with Howe’s Great London, 1871.

CHARRISKIE, WILLIAM. Slack-rope, Welch & Mann, 1841.

CHARVATT, FRANK P. Balancer, VanAmburgh & Co., 1876; crystal pyramids, Smith & Baird’s, 1872; VanAmburgh & Co., 1880, 1882.

CHAUNCEY, CHARLEY. Fat boy, Dan Castello’s, 1876.

CHEAKEY BROTHERS. Leapers, VanAmburgh’s, 1874.

CHESEBROUGH. Rope-walker, Canadian Davis & Co., Boston, 1816. In June, left to do hall shows in New England.

CHESLEY, J. T. Agent, E. G. Smith’s, 1867.

CHESTNUT, WILLIAM. Minstrel entertainer, Welch & Delavan, Baltimore, 1841.

CHEW, ROBERT. Proprietor, L. C. Palmer’s, 1872.

CHIARINI, ANGELO. Rope-walker. Died November 28, 1861, of injuries from a fall in San Francisco.

CHIARINI, GUISEPPI. (1823-April 13, 1897) Equestrian, showman, called the “Franconi of America.” Came to this country about 1852 with wife and their daughter, Josephine. At that time, was a horse trainer, performing with a stud of dancing and trick horses. Appeared at the Bowery Amphitheatre, NYC, November 7, 1853, while his daughter performed as Little Eva in Uncle Tom’s Cabin at Barnum’s Museum, Broadway and Ann Street. Manager, Franconi’s Hippodrome, 1853; Sands & Chiarini, 1854. Mme. Chiarini made debut, Bowery Amphitheatre, April 3, 1854. Chiarini & Raymond, 1855; Chiarini’s Royal Spanish Circus, Cuba, 1856-57. Brought his company to the Hippotheatron, 14th Street, NYC, June 25, 1866; later, played under canvas in a lot on Bleecker Street, between Charles and Perry. Took his circus all over the world—South and Central America, Mexico, Africa, East Indies, China and Japan. [Edward Orrin: “Chiarini’s was the only circus to perform before the King of Siam and his wives. The king chartered a boat to bring the troupe from Singapore to Bangkok.”] In 1858, Chiarini and Orrin combined their circuses for a tour of the West Indies, which lasted for 2 years. During later period of management, Chiarini confined circus operations to Cuba and South America. At one time owned considerable property in South America. Died at the Hotel Americano, Panama, age 82. [Charles H. Day: “Chiarini is one of the most venturesome and, at the same time, one of the greatest circus managers of the day.”]

CHILDERS, JOSEPH H. Lecturer, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1872.

CHILDERS, SAM. H. Buckley & Co., 1857-58.

CHILDS, JOE. Clog dancer, King’s, 1862; concert manager, Dan Rice’s, 1878.

CHIPPS, JOHN. Madigan & Gardner, Front Street Theatre, Baltimore, 1860-61.

CHIRISKI, MARTINI. Tight-rope. Thayer & Noyes, 1867; John Robinson’s, 1879.

CHRISTIE, FRANKIE. James M. Nixon’s, 1863. Married clown Jimmy Reynolds, Allentown, PA, July 23 of that year.

CHRISTOPHER, CAPT. THOMAS. Treasurer, Howes’ Great London, 1871-72.

CHURCHILL. Rider, Boston Lion Circus (Raymond & Weeks, proprietors), 1836.

CLAIR, CARL. Band master. King & Franklin, 1891; Barnum & Bailey, 1893-1906; accompanied the show to England, 1898, where he was married to Christina Matilda Weedon, a non-professional, St. Anne’s Church, London, December 5, 1899. Was with the show at least through the 1905 season and probably beyond. [C. G. Sturtevant: “Mr. Clair was a thorough musician and knew the circus program requirements. During the five year European tour his band was highly praised everywhere, and in Europe they know good music.”]

CLAIRE SISTERS [Maggie, Minnie, Rose]. Trapeze performers. W. W. Cole’s Circus, 1877-78; Metropolitan Circus, Havana, winter 1878-79; W. W. Cole’s Australian tour (leaving San Francisco, October 23, 1880); Leon & Dockrill, Iron Amphitheatre, Havana, winter 1881-82; flying rings, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881-82; Sells Bros.’, 1884; Rentz’s, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1887; John Robinson’s, 1892. Maggie married Harry K. Long, Carlisle, PA, September 6, 1879; bride and groom were members of W. W. Cole’s at the time. Rose died in 1892. Minnie (Mrs. J. F. Sauers) died at her home in Detroit, MI, February 28, 1902, age 54.

CLAPP, DWIGHT. Agent. Hamilton & Sargeant, 1877-78; joined Hilliard & Hunting in Canada, August 1878; Hilliard & Main, 1883; Walter L. Main’s, 1886-88.

CLARE, CARRIE. (d. June 28, 1898) Fat woman. Traveled with her midget sister, Rose, appearing in museums and circuses from 1883 to 1897. Connected with John Robinson’s, Sells Bros.’, and Walter L. Main’s, 1893. After the death of her sister, exhibited as a fat lady bicycle rider. Last appearance was with another obese female cyclist on the Washburn circus, fall 1897. Died at Fort Scott, KS.

CLARE, ROSE. See Carrie Clare.

CLARISSE, MRS. ELIZABETH. See Lizzie Agazzi. CLARK, BOBBY. Clown, with Alex Robinson’s, 1874-75; Charles Lee’s, 1889.

CLARK, BURT H. Animal keeper. Hunter, Brown & Bailey, 1827; Brown Bros.’, 1828-31; elephant man, J. B. Green & Co., 1831; J. P. Brown & Green, 1832; J. B. Green’s, 1833.

CLARK, DAN [or Dick]. (d. January 1, 1873) Acrobat. Cousin of Dan Rice. Dan Rice’s (managed by Adam Forepaugh), 1866; H. M. Smith’s, 1870. Died of small pox in New Orleans.

CLARK, DICK. Rider. Dan Rice’s, 1870; Rice’s Paris Pavilion Circus, 1871-72. Probably the same as above.

CLARK, E. Dwarf, with a circus on Sansom Street, Philadelphia, 1833-34.

CLARK, G. BROOKS. Vocalist, concert, Adam Forepaugh’s (Pullman Bros.’ sideshow), 1876.

CLARK, GUS L. Clown, Herr Driesbach’s Menagerie and Howe’s Circus, 1868; ringmaster, Adam Forepaugh’s. With the latter, rode at the head of the street procession in an open barouche impersonating Adam Forepaugh, while Forpaugh was back at the lot cutting up meat for the animals.

CLARK, HARRY. Trapeze performer. Cosmopolitan Circus, Museum and Menagerie, 1871; John Wilson’s, California, 1873.

CLARK, J. A. “DR.” Sideshow, L. B. Lent’s, 1873.

CLARK, J. D. General agent, Great London Pavilion Show, 1876.

CLARK, JOHN. Thayer & Noyes, 1862; Howes & Norton (formerly Robinson & Howes), 1864. May be the man listed below.

CLARK, JOHN C. (1834?-September 19, 1916) Clown. Spalding & Rogers, 1852; Dan Rice’s, 1855, 1858; S. Q. Stoke’s, 1862; rope-walker, Palmer’s Great Western, 1865. Died at Long Branch, NJ, age 82.

CLARK, M. L. (1857-October 4, 1923) Proprietor, M. L. Clark’s, 1892-97, 1902-21, 1923-26. Headquartered, Alexandria, LA, for many years. Wife’s name was Fannie.

CLARK, MME. Fat lady. North American, 1872; P. T. Barnum’s, 1873.

CLARK, NELLIE. Acrobat, G. G. Grady’s, 1873.

CLARK, THOMAS. Tumbler, gymnast, Alex Robinson’s, 1871.

CLARK, W. Clown, vaulter. Pepin & West, Olympic, Philadelphia, fall 1817; West’s, 1818.

CLARKE, BURKIT “KIT.” (1845-July 4, 1918) Agent. Born in NYC. Advance agent, Satterlee & Bell at age 13; programmer, steamboat Banjo, 1859. Took up the study of photography in Chicago, 1861-63. Mabie’s, 1863; VanAmburgh’s, 1864-67; director of press work, Adam Forepaugh’s, for 9 years during the 1870s, being one of the first agents to use illiterative advertising; treasurer, Sheldenburger & Co., 1871; business manager, the Imperial Brazilian Hippodrome, Philadelphia, winter 1872-73. Managed Prof. Hartz and Zera, magicians; business affairs, John A. Stevens, 1878-79; M. B. Leavitt’s musical troupe, The Rentz Company, 1880; accompanied Haverly’s Minstrels to London; and for a time managed Keller, the magician. Had the distinction of being a friend and fishing companion of Grover Cleveland and Joseph Jefferson. Devoted time in retirement to the writing of short stories and other items. Died at his home in Flatbush, NY, age 86.

CLARKE, DR. Descriptive lecturer, P. T. Barnum’s, 1874.

CLARKE, GEORGE F. Aeronaut, C. W. Noyes’. Killed at Memphis, TN, May 31, 1872, when, in making his ascension, the conveyence struck a building and the ropes supporting his trapeze gave way, causing him to fall about 50.

CLARKE, GEORGE M. Clown. United States Circus (Frank Howes, Joseph Cushing, proprietors), 1867; Howes Trans-Atlantic Circus and Risbeck’s Menagerie (Frank Howes, proprietor), 1868; James M. French’s, 1869-70; George W. Bailey & Co., 1871-74; clown, P. T. Barnum’s, 1876; equestrian director, Glenan & Austin, 1892. Resident of Vermont, was a minstrel manager and ran a grist mill with equal success; also a song writer and composer. As a clown, was not possessed of any humor but sang with sentiment that caught on in the ring and made him a favorite in New England. For many years, traveled with the “Flatfoots.”

CLARKE, GUS BROOKS [r.n. Andrew Jackson Ayers]. (d. 1886) Minstrel and circus clown. Manager of the Syracuse, NY, Museum at time of death.

CLARKE, HENRY. Gymnast, Melville, Maginley & Cooke, 1875.

CLARKE, JAMES. Negro minstrel, VanAmburgh’s northern, 1859.

CLARKE, J. S. Agent, Collins’ Oriental Combination, 1877.

CLARKE, ROBERT. Clown, Alexander Robinson’s, 1871-77.

CLAVEAU, JOSEPH. Clown. Yeaman circus, 1833; Joseph D. Palmer’s, 1833, 1835-36; Palmer & Harrington, 1834; a member of the Ravel Family, 1836-37; Cincinnati Circus, 1841; John Mateer’s, 1843-44; Howes & Mabie, 1844-46; Great Western, 1846. [T. Allston Brown: “He was a good fellow. He had visited, professionally and often, most of the West Indies Islands, many portions of South America, Mexico, etc.”] Committed suicide in Iowa City, IA.

CLAYTON, GRACE. Female clown, with Macarte Sisters’, 1870.

CLAYTON, JOHN. Proprietor. Clayton, Bartlett & Welch, 1839-40; Clayton & Welch’s giraffe exhibition, 1841; Clayton & Bartlett, 1844-45.

CLAYTON, WILLIAM. Bill poster, Barnum’s, 1877, killed in the tragic wreck of the advertising car at Four Mile Creek, Iowa, that year, August 29, along with 11 others.

CLEARY, JOHN H. [Signor Martino]. (d. May 8, 1940) Horizontal bars and trapeze artist. First professional engagement, Hayward Minstrels. In 1887, combined with two other performers in act billed as Three Milo Bros.; later, appeared in vaudeville as single; was with New Orleans Minstrels in South and Southwest. Last circus, Washburn’s. Retired 1914. Died at the Shetucket Club, Norwich, CT, age 78.

CLEMENTS, JOHN. Band leader, Alex Robinson’s, 1875.

CLEMENTS, ROBERT (1860?-September 28, 1912) Born in Brookville, PA. Managed the American Hotel, Pittsburgh, for 18 years before going into the circus business, when he managed Walter L. Main’s for 4 seasons. Held a similar position with Pawnee Bill’s Wild West Show. Formed a partnership with Samuel Scribner and put out the Scribner & Clements Show. After withdrawing from the circus business, became treasurer for the Trocadero Theatre, Chicago. Died at Punxsutawney, PA, age 52.

CLEVELAND, JENNIE. See Jennie Alward and John W. Cleveland.

CLEVELAND, JOHN W. [r. n. John Roberts]. (1871?-July 31, 1897) Equestrian. Entered the profession, 1885, with the Weldon Circus; followed by an engagement with Wallace & Anderson, where he remained for 10 years. Married Jennie Alward, hurdle rider and dancing rope artist, both with Wallace’s, Holton, Kansas, May 27, 1893. Bareback riders, W. B. Reynolds’, 1895; Winter Circus, Chicago, 1895; Robert Hunting’s, 1896; LaPearl’s Danville, IL., winter 1896-97; hurdle and 4-horse act, Wood & Ewers, 1897. Cleveland died of consumption, age 26.

CLEVELAND, P. H. Master of horse, James T. Johnson & Co. (James T. Johnson, G. O. Smith, P. H. Cleveland, proprietors), 1881.

CLIFFORD, JAMES. Contortionist. Tumbler, W. W. Cole’s, 1878; Holland, Bowman & McLaughlin, 1890; Hurlburt & Leftwich, 1894.

CLIFFORD, MRS. THOMAS. Entry rider, P. T. Barnum, 1876.

CLIFFORD, THOMAS. (d. July 10, 1919) Tumbler and leaper. Native of Binghamton, NY. Began career, 1860, with Yankee Robinson’s; followed with Cosmopolitan Circus, winter 1871-72; James Robinson’s, New Orleans, winter 1872-73; James W. Wilder & Co., 1873; leaper and tumbler, P. T. Barnum, 1876; W. W. Cole’s, 1878; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1879. Died in Chicago.

CLIFTON, CHARLES. Great International Circus, Offenbach Garden, Philadelphia, winter 1876-77.

CLIFTON, FRANK. Gymnast, acrobat. James T. Johnson’s, fall 1872; Imperial Brazilian Hippodrome, Philadelphia, winter 1872-73; horizontal bar act with Sam Ashton and Albert Gaston, Montgomery Queen’s, 1875; Maybury, Pullman & Hamilton, 1882; Orrin Bros.’, winter 1882-83; clown, Burk & Co., 1884; equestrian director and talking clown, Cross & LeRoy, winter 1884.

CLIFTON, JOHN. Holland & Gormley, 1889.

CLIFTONS [Billy, Jessie]. Aerialists, Walter L. Main’s, 1886; comic mule act, English knockabout clowns, Charles Lee’s Great London Shows, 1895-96.

CLINE. Gymnast, Alex Robinson’s, 1866; (with Penny) Dan Rice’s, 1868.

CLINE, ANDRE [Herr Cline Seiltanzer]. (circa 1806-December 3, 1886) Rope-dancer. Although English born, preferred the German title of “Herr.” Brother of P. S. Cline, the actor, and Frank Cline, the violinist. One of the great artists of his day. [Charles Durang: “He was highly polished in style and attitude. His pictorial display of the contending emotions ... was exceedingly well executed.”] On the tight rope, performed with grace and eloquence, unique from other artists by his expressive pantomime and intelligence of character. One routine was to represent a sailor dancing the hornpipe on the wire, followed by depicting the tragic passion of the sailor as he experienced the horrors of a storm at sea. Would conclude the act by the ascension from the stage to the dome of the house “in a blazing revolving sun, surrounded by fireworks.” Also made an ascension from the stage to the gallery pushing a wheelborrow. First appeared in America, May 12, 1828, coming under contract to Charles Gilfert, manager of the Bowery Theatre, NYC, the terms being £2,000 for one year with privilege of renewal. Performed for James Caldwell at the Camp Street Theatre, New Orleans, as well as in Philadelphia, and other major theatres. In New Orleans, was publicly dismissed by the manager over some dispute; whereupon, Cline appealed to the audience, explaining his side of the controversy; manager Caldwell followed with his version. The audience, disinterested, summarily hissed them both. An irate Caldwell then barred Cline from ever performing on the Camp Street stage. Nevertheless, Cline was back under Caldwell’s management at the St. Charles Theatre, that city, during the 1841-42 season. Appeared at the Chestnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, 1834; Welch & Mann, 1841; Stone & Rockwell, 1846; Rockwell’s Amphitheatre, Cincinnati, 1846; Dan Rice’s, 1852; Levi J North’s, 1860; S. P. Stickney’s, 1861; Gardner & Hemmings, 1862; Madame Macarte’s European Circus (James M. Nixon, proprietor), 1863. [John A. Dingess: “He was a most daring and dexterous performer in the various feats of his profession, in which he was entirely unrivaled until the appearance of the Ravel Troupe.”] Having accumulated quite a fortune in England, brought it with him and deposited it in an American bank; the bank failed and he lost some $40,000. Retired from performing and settled in NYC.

CLING, GEORGE W. Principal rider, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1884.

CLINTON, HERR. Horizontal bars, Gardner & Hemmings, 1860.

CLINTON, JACK. Clown and equestrian manager, Goldenberg’s Colossal Aggregation, 1874-75.

CLINTON BROTHERS. Acrobats, P. T. Barnum’s, 1874.

CLOFULLIA, MME. FORTUNE [r. n. Josephine Boisdechene]. (b. March 25, 1831) Bearded lady. Born in Versoix, Switzerland. Made her USA debut at Barnum’s Museum, 1853, as “The Bearded Lady of Geneva.”

CLOWNEY, CHARLES. Horizontal bars, Levi J. North’s, 1863.

CLUTTER, T. Maginley, Carroll & Co., 1867.

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