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Olympians of the Sawdust Circle
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Olympians of the Sawdust Circle: A biographical dictionary of the ninteenth century American circus

Compiled and Edited by William L. Slout
Copyright © 2005 by William L. Slout. All rights reserved.


HAAG, ERNEST. Built a flatboat about 1894, Shreveport, LA, and floated down the Red River with a 5 people show. By 1899, had a sizeable Southern wagon show circus on the road.

HABENO, SAM. Gymnast, John Robinson’s, 1883-84.

HACUM, JAMES E. Hurdle jockey and 4-horse rider, Gollmar Bros.’, 1897.

HACUM, E. V. Somersault rider, Gollmar Bros.’, 1897.

HAFEY, C. M. General agent, Williams & Co., 1892.

HADLEY, JOHN. Lion tamer. Alex Robinson’s, 1870; Hilliard & DeMott, 1880.

HADLEY, MLLE. Tight-rope, John Robinson’s, 1868.

HAGAR, COL. W. D. (1847?-December 28, 1897) Born near Amsterdam, NY. Clerked in a dry goods store in Chicago, 1874, when he met and married Jennie Morgan, called “The American Nightingale.” Shortly, became an agent for hall shows and continued until 1877, when (with H. S. Sanderson) he secured the privileges for John H. Murray’s. Following year, in partnership with Kohl and Middleton, privileges, W. C. Coup’s, which lasted 2 seasons; 1882, privileges, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson; fall 1882, Hagar, Campbell & Co., proprietors of the museum on Nineth and Arch Streets, Philadelphia; continued privileges for P. T. Barnum’s for several years. Died of cancer of the stomach in Wauseon, OH, age about 50. Previous to death, had made arrangements to control the privileges with Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show and to represent Bailey’s and Cole’s interest in the company.

HAGARMAN, ADAM. Leon W. Washburn’s, 1896.

HAGENBECK CARL. (1844-April 14, 1913) Rare animal collector. Son of a fish monger, Hamburg, Germany. Soon after birth, father received a polar bear as payment of a debt, and later acquired 2 trained seals and a monkey; thus, the animal collection was started. Menagerie exhibited at local fairs and soon the elder Hagenbeck was the proprietor of a traveling caravan. In no time zoological societies around the world learned of the Hagenbeck collection and began placing orders for exotic animals. Hagenbeck’s first exhibition in USA, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893. Also exhibited at the world’s fairs at Denver and St. Louis. Partner in Hagenbeck & Wallace circus. Sons, Lorenz and Henry, were killed in battle during the European war, 1914.

HAGER, DR. A. W. Proprietor, Hager’s Paris Circus, 1878.

HAIGHT, ANDREW. (December 25, 1831-February 8, 1886) Born in Dresden, NY, son of Daniel Haight, merchant and drover. After father’s death, embarked in the mercantile business there, successfully operating 2 stores. Moved to Beaver Dam, WI, and again became active in business, owning 2 large stores, speculating in real estate, and building and managing a hotel, Clark House, complete with a pool room and gambling parlor. Had a third store and hotel, New London, WI, managed by his brothers. Joined forces with George W. DeHaven in a circus enterprise. Show started from Beaver Dam, April 1865; bought out DeHaven’s interest in October of that year (one source says at Natchez, another at New Orleans); show spent the winter months traveling in the South; then Haight became the first manager to take a circus to Texas after the war. The following year, organized Haight & Chambers’ Palace Show and Menagerie with his agent, Doc C. S. T. Chambers, a wagon show that used rail for long jumps. 1867, had a river show that folded in Houston, TX, January, 19, 1868; starting at New Orleans on the river steamer, Coosa; soon met with misfortunes, flood interfering with the planned itinerary and forcing the show to miss many of the stands; at Henderson, KY, the boat’s engineers allowed the boilers to burn out, requiring the Coosa to be towed by 2 boats; at St. Louis, a cholera epidemic forced the company into quarantine; at Pittsburgh the Coosa was run into by a tow boat and sunk; the season’s disasters resulted in a $75,000 loss, and the Haight & Chambers show dissolved; Chambers went on the Colonel Ames show as general agent, taking the animals with him; the outfit, which was quite a large one for the time, having been built up from a 115’ round top to a 180’, with good stock and equipment, was sold and Haight went to Memphis, TN, where he opened a hotel for the balance of the year. Went out as agent for Stone & Murray, 1869-70, and established a reputation for ability in the advance, second to none. Bought an elephant and performing den of lions from the C. T. Ames estate, 1871, and organized the Empire City Circus with P. Bowles Wootten (also referred to as Wootten and Haight’s New York Circus and Menagerie), a mule dealer from Atlanta, GA, and had a successful season (DeHaven had the privileges and made $30,000); the proprietors did not agree and the show, by common consent, was auctioned off, Haight buying most of the property, DeHaven the rest. Organized the Great Eastern Menagerie, Museum, Aviary, Circus and Balloon Show with R. E. J. Miles and George W. DeHaven, 1872, a grift show that started with little or no capital, bringing in $100,000 the first year; 1873, the show was one of the most extensively advertised on the road at that time, 3 bands featured in the parade and performances in 2 rings simultaneously; meeting with enormous competition from other circuses, Haight and agent, W. W. Durand, erected large stands of lithos and bought whole broadsides of newspaper space; show ran continuously over 2 years. 1874, controlled an interest in Great Southern Show. With DeHaven and Miles, put out a huge hippodrome show, American Racing Association, 1875, in opposition to Barnum’s Hippodrome, ending in failure. Retired, 1876, to keep the City Hotel, at corner of State and Sixteenth Streets, Chicago. Returned to the circus business, 1879, as railroad contractor for Adam Forepaugh’s; W. C. Coup’s, 1880-82; Barnum, Bailey, & Hutchinson, 1883, and until his death. Was a tireless worker and loyal to his employees, a persuasive talker which acquire for him the nickname of “Slippery Elm.” Neither drank nor smoked; wore clothes cut after the fashion of a cleric, which gave rise to the story that he was once a preacher. [W. W. Durand: “He was esteemed and popular everywhere and received large salaries—$5,000 and $6,000 the last few years, most of which he gave away. I know that he was suberbly generous, and he heaped benefits on others which he ought to have kept for his own.... He bore no malice, and loved all mankind with a heart as tender as a woman’s. His room in hotels was the home of crowds of show people everywhere, and all were made welcome alike, whether manager or canvas-man.”] Left no children, only his wife, Margaret, said to have been cheerful and angelic, always at his side.

HAIGHT, JACOB. Brother of Andrew Haight. Treasurer, Haight, Chambers & Ames, 1867; treasurer, Great Eastern, 1872; second in command, Great Eastern, 1873-74.

HAILEY, EDWARD. Clown, Dan Rice’s, 1870; Rice’s Paris Pavilion Circus, 1871.

HAINES, CHARLES R. Proprietor, with David Guerin, DeHaven’s Imperial Circus, 1867.

HAINES, FRANK. Child prodigy 4-pony act, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1891.

HALE, WILLIAM. General performer, Aaron Turner’s, 1842.

HALEY, E. C. Boss canvasman, Melville, Maginley & Cooke, 1875.

HALEY, THOMAS. Sideshow privilege, G. G. Grady’s, 1874.

HALL & WILLIAMS. Clog dancers, concert, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879.

HALL, G. A. Contractor, Great Western, 1876.

HALL, BOB. Minstrel band organized to travel with Raymond & Waring, 1847; sideshow performer, VanAmburgh’s, 1866.

HALL, CHARLES S. (1864?-February 11, 1896) Son of George W. Hall, Sr. Sideshow manager, King & Franklin, 1889. Had a circus under his management, 1891-95, the latter year as Hall & Showers’. Showers had performing dogs, ponies and monkeys.

HALL, CHARLES T. (d. April 22, 1889) General contracting agent, Great Western, 1876; also Adam Forepaugh’s, P. T. Barnum’s, W. C. Coup’s. Wife was Fanny Tyson.

HALL, FRANK. Troupe of educated dogs, pigs, geese and mules, George W. Hall, Jr.’s, 1896.

HALL FRANK W. Cosmopolitan Circus, Museum and Menagerie, winter 1871-72.

HALL FRED C. Contortionist, Cooper, Jackson & Co., 1882; Indian-rubber man, Pullman, Mack & Co., 1884; Ringling Bros.’, 1885; W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1886.

HALL, GEORGE WASHINGTON, JR. (1856-1930) Son of circus manager George W. Hall. Side-show operator, Priest’s Great Western, 1886; Charles Bartine’s, 1888; sideshow manager, Gollmar Bros.’, 1893. Took out a circus, 1894-1903, G. W. Hall, Jr.’s Circus and Trained Animal Shows; during 1896, the show was said to carry 30 head of stock, 4 cages of animals, 3 camels, and an elephant. Subsequently, with Myers & Eller’s Carnival; VanAmburgh’s (managed by Mugiven and Bowers). Went out with own show again, 1905-1912. Family residence in Evansville, WI. Hall’s wife died there February 19, 1917, age 53.

HALL, GEORGE WASHINGTON, SR. [“Popcorn”]. (December 5, 1837-May 21, 1918) Born in Lowell, MA. When 7 years old, moved with his parents to Manchester, NH. Did not take to books or school, left home at the age of 10, went to Lawrence, where he found employment as an errand boy with a man by the name of Adset, at $1 per week. Sold popcorn for the Boston centennial, which led to selling peanuts with Howes & Cushing. Gradually rose through the ranks, filling various positions with many of the big shows of his day. Went to Wisconsin, 1860, and ran a sideshow with R. Sands’ one season; then a season with Mabie’s and a one with VanAmburgh’s. Was probably the George W. Hall who was elephant handler with Madigan’s, 1861; L. B. Lent’s, 1861-62; lion tamer and elephant handler, Gardner & Hemmings, 1866; Barnum, VanAmburgh and Castello, 1867-68; Dan Castello’s, winter 1867-68; J. M. French’s, 1869; Rosston, Springer & Henderson, 1871. Ran a museum in Memphis, TN, 1870s and 1880s. Fitted up a steamboat in Little Rock, AR, 1879, Floating American Museum, and exibited in the river towns between Little Rock and New Orleans. Proprietor of his own circus for many years, beginning in 1881, which became Col. G. W. Hall’s Big United States and Great Eastern Circus. 1984, George W. DeHaven was associated with the show; following year, DeHaven and Silas Dutton, a Chicago livery operator, bought out Hall’s interest with Hall remaining to handle the sideshow. In connection with a man named Bingley, returned to management, 1886, by traveling through Mexico. Chartered a schooner, Emma Fox, January 1, 1887, which carried his show to the West Indies and South America, stopping at all the Windward Islands, the Bahamas, Trinidad and then to the mainland. August 1889, joined forces with Sam McFlinn, a partnership that lasted through the season of 1891. Was showing at Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1898, when the Spanish war broke out. All in all, was on the road continuously for 21 years, operating everything from 2 to 15 car shows, the last season being 1902. Saw many ups and downs, but was always equal to the emergencies. Considered one of the leading sideshow orators of his day. George W. DeHaven, when manager of the Great Eastern, paid the him $250 per week one entire season for talking at the door. Two sons, George, Jr., and Charles, were also circus proprietors, beginning in the 1890s. Spent the latter years of his life on his farm near Evansville, WI, taming beasts considered hopeless. Died there, age 83. Had property in Memphis and by 1913 extensive real estate holdings throughout the country; owned 17 residential buildings in Evansville, 600 acres of land in Rock County, WI, $20,000 worth of real estate in Tampa, FL, 22 lots on West 38th Street, Denver, CO.

HALT, JAMES H. H. Buckley & Co., 1857-58.

HALL J. J. Proprietor, J. J. Hall’s Mammoth Eagle Circus/Boston Arena Co., 1836; advertiser, Associations Celebrated Menagerie and Aviary, Zoological Institute, Baltimore, 1837; proprietor, J. J. Hall’s, West Indies, 1837; Hall’s Circus and Menagerie, 1837-38; Hall, Nathans & Tufts New York Circus and Arena Co., 1839-40.

HALL, ORRIN F. General agent, Cooper & Co., 1874.

HALL, R. G. Contracting agent, Barnum & Bailey, 1889.

HALL TOM. Trapeze performer, Joel E. Warner’s, 1872; equestrian director, Crosby’s Mammoth Pavilion, 1889.

HALLAM. Clown, Price & Simpson, 1826.

HALLDEAN, MME. Sideshow bearded lady, John V. O’Brien’s, 1871; L. B. Lent’s, 1873; P. T. Barnum’s, 1874.

HALLECK T. E. Assistant agent, Stevens & Begun, 1874.

HALLETT, ALTA. Female gymnast. Batcheller & Doris, 1870; flying rings, Campbell’s, 1878; flying rings, VanAmburgh’s, 1879; John H. Murray’s, 1880. While performing her trapeze act, Murray’s Pony Circus, Cambridge, MA, July 5, 1880, fell and sustained an injury that may have disabled her for life.

HALLIDAY, CLARENCE. (d. October 22, 1890) Wallace & Co.

HALPINE, CHARILES GRAHAM. (November 20, 1829-August 3, 1868) Journalist, poet. Born in Ireland. Came to America, 1851. For a short period of time, P. T. Barnum’s private secretary. By 1852, co-editor of a Boston humor weekly, The Carpet-Bag.

HALSTED, E. O. [“Charlie”]. (April 2, 1817-April 18, 1892) Born in Ulysses Tompkins County, NY. Began in show business, P. T. Barnum’s, NYC, 1842, and was connected with him in one way or another for over a quarter of a century. Also with Spalding & Rogers, Nathans & Sands, Dan Rice’s, L. B. Lent’s, and others. Said to have possessed a fortune 2 or 3 times but either gave it away or lost it through imprudent investments. Died in comparative poverty, Quincy, MI, age 75.

HALSTEAD, PETER S. Transportation master, P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-80.

HAMBHICHI. Bamboo pole performer, with Barnum & Bailey, 1892.

HAMILTON, ELWOOD. For 10 years ran a “one-horse” show featuring the trick horse Sir Henry. For 8 years exhibited Indians and ran a variety show. In the circus business, Hilliard & Hamilton, 1875; manager and co-proprietor, Hilliard, Hamilton & Hunting, 1876; Hamilton & Sargeant (Prof. E. Hamilton, F. W. Sargeant, proprietors), 1877-79; purchased Sargeant’s interest, 1880; Hamilton & Knowlton, collapsed Cortland, OH, September 6, 1881; trained dogs, A. F. Tuttle’s Olympic Show, 1892.

HAMILTON, FRED. Master of properties, P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-73.

HAMILTON, HELENA. Manège, Leon W. Washburn’s, 1896.

HAMILTON, JAMES MADISON. (November 20, 1847-February 21, 1901) Agent, privilege man. Born in Connersville, IN. Candy butcher at age 10 or 12. Eventually became agent and railroad contractor. Thayer & Noyes, 1867; press agent, P. T. Barnum’s, 1877; special advance representative, Cooper & Bailey, 1880; Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881; treasurer, Shelby, Pullman & Hamilton, 1881; general railroad contractor, Great Wallace, 1893; invested in Hummel & Hamilton’s Great Syndicate Shows, 1896; this was J. N. Rentfrow’s New Great Syndicate Shows which had collapsed August 8 and was purchased by James M. Hamilton and John F. Hummel of Cincinnati; sunk his savings in this venture and lost it. General advance manager, Frank A. Robbins’ (Frank A. Robbins, Gil Robinson, John W. Hainilton, W. A. Conklin, proprietors), 1898; assistant manager, LaPearl’s, 1899. Career covered more than 40 years.

HAMILTON, JOHN. Privilege manager, King & Franklin, 1889; transportation manager, Wallace & Co., 1891.

HAMILTON, JOHN W. (d. December 24, 1922) Agent. Brother of Tody Hamilton. L. B. Lent’s, 1864; one-third owner Mayberry, Pullman & Hamilton, which lost him $20,000; also connected with W. W. Cole’s, Great Wallace, Sells-Floto, Walter L. Main’s, Hagenbeck-Wallace. November 1877, sailed for Bermuda as press agent for Howes & Cushing, in which Jacob Lorillard was a partner. After reaching his destination and contracting debts, the proprietors cancelled the stand because of opposition from John H. Murray’s. When money was not forthcoming for salary and debts, Hamilton sued Lorillard for $350. Press agent, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879-80; Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881. Left the Barnum & Bailey organization to manage Mt. Morris Theatre. [Charles H. Day: “Jack is fiery and pugnacious and never so happy when engaged in a newspaper broil.”] Died in Zanesville, OH.

HAMILTON, MORG. Layer-out, Great Western, 1876.

HAMILTON, RICHARD F. [“Tody”]. (1846?-August 16, 1916) Agent. Brother of John W. Hamilton. Born in NYC. A newspaper man by instinct and training. Father, William C. Hamilton, was managing editor of a New York paper when Tody was born. Began career in a newspaper office at the early age of 12. Belonged to the school of robust and vigorous young men always in places where there was the most danger of personal conflict or something exciting to make a live story with big headlines. It was said that whenever there was a dearth of real news Tody could, and often did, start out with a few of his friends and in the course of an evening create enough thrilling items to fill the columns of all the New York newspapers. Of great physical energy and winning personality, he made friends everywhere and retained them because of his purely democratic character and merry demeanor. Always open-handed and liberal to a fault, prolific in ideas and writing, he piled up alliterations and adjectives and found unlimited pleasure in coining new words or reconstructing old ones into telling phrases. When about 18 years old, worked a year for the New York Herald. Later, was a Wall Street speculator and became a rich man at 21 years of age, only to lose it again “on the Street.” Returned to journalism for a time. 1875, manager of the Aquarium, NYC; 1880, press agent for the newly built Iron Pier, Long Branch, NJ; during that year, published the Evening Journal, which lasted but 9 weeks; engaged by Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881, as press agent, a position that lasted until 1907, when he retired. A life member of the New York Press Club; the newspapermen of America gave him a testimonial at the Waldorf-Astoria when he retired from the Barnum & Bailey show. [Louis E. Cooke: “There is no question in my mind but that he has turned out more good copy and invented more schemes to feed the press and attracted attention to the shows that he has represented than any other living man.”] Was with Barnum & Bailey in Europe for 5 years, returning to the United States on October 28, 1902. Connection with the “big show” made him one of the most famous press agents of his era. [Doc Waddell: “If we wished to know who was ‘The Greatest of All Circus Press Agents,’ we would say ‘Tody’ Hamilton. I would not take a single laurel from his brow, my hat is off to him, and always will be. His power was along the line of creative news. His heart was with the newspapers. He loved the boys of the press and they loved him.”] Died of heart disease in Baltimore, MD, age 70.

HAMILTON, TONY. (March 29, 1867-October 13, 1896) Hurdle rider and horse trainer. Born in Radner, IL. Became a rider, 1892, and by 1895 was a principal somersault and hurdle rider with Leon W. Washburn’s. Wife, Millie, was an equestrienne as well. Died at his home at Lewistown, IL.

HAMILTON, WILLIAM. Diefenbach & Hamilton’s (Phil Diefenbach, William Hamilton, proprietors), 1899.

HAMLIN, DAVID. S. H. Nichols’, 1842-43.

HAMMOND, C. E. Bandmaster, Wallace & Co., 1884.

HAMMOND, C. D. Manager advertising car #5, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1882.

HAMO HASH. Gymnast, Sells Bros.’, 1872, Arab act, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1874.

HAMPSHIRE, JOSEPH [Joe Baker]. (1827-June 22, 1898) One of the early boss canvasmen. Born in Yorkshire, England. Beginning around 1847, connected with James Robinson’s, VanAmburgh’s, Dan Rice’s, P. T. Barnum’s, Adam Forepaugh’s, W. C. Coup’s, and others. For the last 15 years, with Miner’s New York theatres.

HANDENBURGER, JOHN. Director of publications, Handenburger & Co. (John V. O’Brien, proprietor), 1871.

HANDLEY, J. T. Troupe of glassblowers, Walter L. Main’s, 1893.

HANDY, EMAN. Handy & Welch, 1830; Welch, Macomber & Purdy’s menagerie (Boston Zoological Association), 1832. Made an excursion to Africa, 1833, to secure animals for the exhibition.

HANKEN, GEORGE. Gymnast, G. G. Grady’s, 1874.

HANLEY, J. Minstrel performer, Spalding & Rogers’ Floating Palace, 1859.

HANKINS, JAMES R. Somersault rider, French, Hobby & Co., 1835; Welch, Delavan & Nathans, 1848; rider, Welch, Delavan & Nathans, 1849; Sands & Quick, 1852; Mann & Moore, 1853; Welch & Lent, 1854-55; Rivers & Derious, 1856-57; Sands, Nathans & Co., Broadway Circus, NYC, 1858; Levi J. North’s, 1859; L. B. Lent’s, 1860; Niblo & Sloat (L B. Lent, manager), West Indies, 1860-61; S. Q. Stokes’, 1863; scenic rider, Mrs. Dan Rice’s, 1864; J. F. Orrin’s, South America, 1865-66; S. O. Wheeler’s, 1867; acrobat, P. T. Barnum’s, 1877.

HANLON BROTHERS [Alfred, George, Frederick, William, Edward, Thomas]. Acrobats, gymnasts, and pantomimists. Noted English performers of both stage and ring. Thomas was born in Manchester, 1836; George, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, 1840; William, Manchester, 1842; Alfred, Manchester, 1844; Edward, Liverpool, 1846; Frederick, Liverpool, 1848. The brothers performed many dangerous feats. Alfred showed special skill in balancing a ladder upright, ascending and descending it, all on a swinging trapeze. They all somersaulted from the shoulders of one gyrnnast to another. Thomas and Alfred were the powerfully built men of the group and served as carriers in the pyramid. George, William and Alfred left England at an early age and traveled extensively, touring the world with their tutor, Prof. John Lees. At the death of Lees, after being away 14 years, they returned to Europe. With Thomas, Edward and Frederick, they organized the gymnastic and acrobatic troupe famous throughout Europe and America. Made their USA debut, Niblo’s Garden, NYC, 1858, under James M. Nixon’s management. George and Thomas returned to Niblo’s for Nixon’s proprietorship of Cooke’s Royal Circus, January 1860, where Thomasl’echelle perileuse was found to be stimulating and unique: after going through a sequence of gyrations on a swing attached to the ceiling at one end of the proscenium, the gymnast suddenly released himself from it and, flying some 20’ or 30’ through the air, grabbed onto a rope on the other side. And the double act par terre by Thomas and George was considered a beautiful and astonishing performance and something never before witnessed in America. Great muscular strength and their lithe and agile movements, together with the grace and ease with which they performed each exercise, marked the whole exhibition one of unequaled excellence and merit and made them the “trump cards” of the Nixon troupe. William did not join at this time due to an injury but may have been added some months later. They continued with Nixon’s summer and fall tour, 1860. In NYC, December 12, 1861, William unveiled his Zampillaerostation, performed in the manner of the acrobat, Leotard, but observed to be more difficult and more finished than the Frenchman’s. The modest and unassuming brothers practiced for months before attempting a public exhibition of this act. The Academy of Music, NYC, was the venue selected for the debut. From the first tier of boxes a standing place had been erected with an iron ladder attached for mounting the perch. About 20’ from this, in the parquet, an iron framework stood from which the first trapeze hung. Some 50’ beyond was a second iron framework with its hanging trapeze. Another 30’ further was a third such swing suspended from the proscenium. 18’ beyond that was a wooden platform to serve as a landing place for the acrobat. All of the preceding were secured by iron wires of a half inch thickness to the boxes on either side. As the act began, William positioned himself on the platform some 25’ above ground level. Two other Hanlons were stationed at the center trapeze swings to assist him in his flight to the stage. At a given signal the gymnast swung on the first trapeze, leaped to the second, sent up to meet him by a brother, and then the third, sent up by the other brother, and finally landed on the stage platform - all this with somersaults as he passed from one trapeze to the next. A New York Clipper observer assessed it to be “the most surprising, graceful, and perfect acrobatic feat ever attempted,” adding, “we have no doubt but that it will be the sensation of the season.” The Hanlons visited California, 1862; following that, toured South America, returning in January, 1865. They had a short circus venture as management under the title of Hanlon, Spalding & Rogers Show, 1865; George Metcalfe’s Hippotheatron, St. Louis, spring 1866. In Chicago, 1865, they were persuaded by the acrobatic clown, Agoust (William Bridges), to perform a pantomime act. 1867, the troupe went to the Folies Bergeres, Paris, where they established a reputation as pantomimic artists, later performing in such pieces as The Village Barber, Do, Mi, Sol, Do, The Journey in Switzerland, Une Soiree en Habit Noir, Les Cascades du Diable, Le Boulanger, and Le Gymnase Paz. William died February 8, 1923, age 79. He had retired from the stage in 1915. Thomas died in Harrisburg, PA, April 5, 1868, in a state of insanity induced by a fall during a performance in Cincinnati and injuring his head. His suffering led to suicide. Wife, Jane, died October 24, 1894. Alfred, fourth in age of the 6 brothers, died of consumption, June 21, 1886, Pasadena, CA. Robert, who was at one time a member of the Hanlon Brothers act but not an original Hanlon, appearing as “Little Bob,” and startling audience with his dive from the dome of a build into a net below, died in London, June 30, 1907.

HANLON, JAMES. Came to America, 1890, with the Hanlon-Volters troupe. Academy of Music, NYC, August 1890; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1891.

HANLON, ROBERT. One of the original Hanlon “Midgets,” came to America, 1890, with the Hanlon-Volters troupe. Academy of Music, NYC, August 1890; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1891.

HANLON, WILLIAM [r. n. O’Mara]. (d. July 13, 1891) Acrobat. Born in London, England. 25 years with the Hanlon-Volters act. Came to America August 1890. Fell from the dome of the Academy of Music, NYC, at the opening of the Hanlon-Volter and Martinetti Pantomime and Novelty Co. there. Recovered rapidly from the accident. (with Robert and James Hanlon) Adam Forepaugh’s, 1891. [John Ringling: “Billy Hanlon was as accomplished an aerialist as there ever was living.”] Died in Clinton, IA, by the breaking of a trapeze, age 31.

HANNER, WILLIAM H. and sister LOUISE. Balloon ascensionists, Cook & Whitby, 1893.

HANNON, MARIE. Dan Rice’s (Adam Forepaugh, proprietor), 1866.

HANNON, RICHARD H. Gymnast. Castello & Van-Vleck, 1863, Maginley & Bell, 1964; trapeze artist (with Price) S. B. Howes’ European, 1865; New American Theatre, Philadelphia, winter 1865-66; Dan Castello’s, 1866, winter 1867-68; J. M. French’s, 1869; Mike Lipman’s, 1869; G. A. Huff & Co., 1870.

HANNOR & POWERS. Dan Castello & Co., 1866.

HANNUM, ZURUBY. Circassian lady, P. T. Barnum’s, 1876.

HANSON, JOSEPH H. Railroad contractor, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884.

HAPGOOD, HARRY. Agent, with Noyes’ Crescent City, 1872; press agent, Frank A. Robbins’, 1885.

HARDELLA, H. [r. n. Hardy Bale]. Contortionist. Ran away from his home in Petersburg, IL, at the age of 13 and joined M. O’Conner’s. Some time later joined Charles Hunter’s, Pittsburg, KS, where he took the name of “Hardella the wonderful contortionist.” Performed as Hardelia Brothers (with William Lucifer and William McCall), DeBonnaire’s Great Persian Exposition, 1883, 1885; Mayo’s Model Show, 1884; Walter L. Main’s, 1886.

HARDESTY, MRS. A. H. See Molly Bailey.

HARDING, CHARLES. Acrobat and clown, Beckett’s, 1881; W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884; clown and principal leaper, John Robinson’s, 1886.

HARDING, GEORGE. General agent, Cooper & Co., 1874.

HARDY, SYLVIA. (d. August 25, 1888) Giantess, 7’ tall. P. T. Barnum’s.

HARE, CHARLES W. Rider, S. H. Nichols & Co., winter 1843; T. L. Vermule’s, 1845; manager and rider, Old Dominion Circus, 1845; Dr. Gilbert R. Spalding’s, 1846; Victory Circus, 1847.

HARLAN, ED. Bounding rope act, W. F. Kirkhart’s Great American, 1894.

HARLAN, H. Proprietor, H. Harlan’s Great Inter-Ocean Circus, 1875.

HARPER, D. J. Harper Bros.’ European (P. N. and D. J. Harper, proprietors), 1892.

HARPER, EDWARD. Ethiopian performer, Boston Lion Circus (Raymond & Weeks, proprietors), 1836.

HARPER, L. J. [or J. L.]. Program agent, P. T. Barnum’s, 1874.

HARPER, P. N. Harper Bros.’ European (P. N. and D. J. Harper, proprietors), 1892.

HARPIER, JOHN. Clown. As Mons. Harpier Rochford, S. P. Stickney’s, 1848; Dan Rice’s, 1849, 1851; S. Q. Stokes’, 1850; Levi J. North’s, 1851; Sam Lathrop’s, winter 1851; as Harpier, Dan Rice’s, March, 1851; Lathrop-Maltby, spring 1852; Star State, fall 1852; Whitbeck’s, Cuba, winter 1853; as Roch Harpier, Whitbeck’s, 1953-54; L. G. Butler’s, 1855; Antonio & Co., St. Louis Varieties, 1855; Harper & Antonio, Victoria, TX, 1856.

HARRINGTON, ANNIE. (d. August 21, 1904) Came to the USA with Barnum & Bailey when they returned from England. With the company for 2 seasons, then joined the Hanlon Brothers’ troupe for 3 years.

HARRINGTON, LOUIS. Acrobat, Palmer’s, 1835; rider, Welch & Delavan, 1841.

HARRINGTON, WILLLIAM. (b. 1804) Native of Boston, MA. One of the early riders in America and considered above average in ability. First appeared at the Lafayette Circus, NYC; formed his own company, 1826; 2-horse rider, American Arena, Washington, DC, winter 1828-29; own show out, 1829. While performing at Sunbury, PA, August 19, 1829, the entire company was arrested and charged with witchcraft. Rider and co-proprietor, Harrington & Buckley, 1830, William Harrington’s, 1831-32; Palmer & Harrington’s, 1834; Bancker & Harrington’s, 1835; Sweet & Hough’s, 1835; Welch & Delavan, 1841; Mons. LeTort’s, 1842; Ogden & Hobby, 1842; Risley act with his son, Rockwell & Stone, 1846-47. While with Rockwell’s, St. Louis, fell from a horse and injured his head. Thereafter showed signs of being deranged, making several attempts at suicide, and on the last try shooting himself in the head. When friends attempted to intercede, discharged the revolver at them but missed the mark, then, inviting them to watch him kill himself, sat on a pile of wood, lodged a bullet into his brain, and died on the spot.

HARRIS, CALLIE. Bareback rider, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1889-94.

HARRIS, D. H. (October 7, 1849-April 6, 1914) Husband of MMe. Marantette, equestrienne, and manager of the Marantette high school horses which appeared at circuses and fairs. Born in Frankfort, KY. After growing into manhood, became a master horseman and for years was connected with the leading showmen of the world - Barnum’s, Forepaugh’s, Ringling’s, etc., in the purchase of horses. Began work with MMe. Marantette in May, 1882, in the management of her business. October, 1895, they were married. Died at his home at Mendon, MI, age 64.

HARRIS, DOT L. Slack-wire, World’s Fair Aggegation, 1892. Had formerly performed with theatrical companies as an actress.

HARRIS, FRANKIE. Rider, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884-90; jockey and hurdle rider, Great Exposition Circus, 1895.

HARRIS, HENRY. “Aerial flights,” Flagg & Aymar, 1856.

HARRIS, S. E. See Wesley Barmore.

HARRIS, SIGNOR. Horizontal bars, World’s Fair Aggregation, 1892.

HARRIS, WILLIAM H. (February 23, 1841-February 10, 1901) Born in Cookville, Ontario, Canada. Father kept a hotel in Trafalgar. Began as a clerk in a store. Father set him up with his own store, which he later sold at auction and moved to Chicago with $3,000, 1861. Intended to go into the hotel business, but, not finding a suitable property, lost most of his money in speculation. With $200 bought into a touring theatrical enterprise with Prof. W. J. McAllister. Bought into another show with Wash Blodgett, Prof. Vandamein’s Gift Show, which failed to make money. Left for Chicago and got employment at $7 a week as a glassware packer. Next, became clerk in the bank of C. C. Parks & Co. With backing from Richard T. Spikings, opened Northwest Bill Posting Co. A consolidation with Bradway & Callahan soon followed. Harris sold out, 1870, and started in a men’s furnishing business but was burned out by the fire of 1871. Re-established in a new location, took in W. R. Cobb as partner. Sold out to Cobb, 1879. Shortly bought an egg case company. Later, dealt with stocks and bankrupt sales. Fall 1882, entered the circus business as proprietor of Harris’ Nichel-Plate Shows, opening May 5, 1883, which he conducted up to the time of death. Married Miss Clara Sargent, 1867. Their daughter was married to C. E. Wilson. Died in Chicago.

HARRISON, HARRY. Contortionist. Holland & McMahon, Chicago, fall 1885; Forepaugh & Samwells, 1886; King & Franklin, 1887.

HARRISON, HUGH. Sideshow manager, Walter L. Main’s, 1892; manager, 1893.

HARRISON, J. D. Sideshow manager, Walter L. Main’s, 1893.

HARRISON, MME. Mind reader, Walter L. Main’s, 1892. Possibly the wife of Hugh Harrison.

HARRISON, ROBERT. Tarnbourinist, minstrel troupe, Gardner & Hemmings, 1863.

HARRISON, W. B. Supt. museum dept., P. T. Barnum’s, 1871.

HART, BILLY. Bunnell’s minstrel troupe, R. Sands’, 1863; Irish comedian, concert, Adam Forepaugh’s (Pullman Bros.’ sideshow), 1876.

HART, HARRY. Clown and general performer. S. O. Wheeler’s, 1868; Orton & Co., 1869.

HART, H. H. Hart, France & Co. (H. H. Hart, F. F. France, proprietors), 1889.

HART, JOHN. Adam Forepaugh’s, 1878.

HART, ORLANDO PORTER [“Port”]. (d. October 24, 1992) Hostler in the days of wagon shows. Connected with P. T. Barnum’s, Dan Rice’s, and Adam Forepaugh’s. Drove the large chariots with 24 horses at the head. Had a show of his own for some years. Last job before retirement from show business was as boss canvasman and master of transportation, Booth & Collier’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” Co. (another source gives McFadden’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” Co.) Later, drove a coach running between Wilkesbarre and Danville and between Wilkesbarre and Easton, PA. Died at Wilkesbarre after having been ill for over a year with peritonitis and dropsy.

HART, O. W. Assistant manager, W. W. Cole’s, 1874.

HART THOMAS. Assistant doorkeeper, P. T. Barnum’s, 1873.

HARTER, MARY A. See Cleo Hernandez,

HARTLEY, H. W. Whitmore, Thompson & Co., 1865.

HARTMAN, FRITZ. Band leader. Madigan’s, 1861; Gardner & Hemmings, 1863; P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-73; P. T. Barnum’s Roman Hippodrome, 1874-75.

HARTZELL, GEORGE. Principal clown, Scribner & Smith, 1894.

HARVEY, JULKIAN [“JULE”]. Clown, Mabie’s, 1859; agent, Orton Bros.’, 1868.

HARVEY, MARIE. Pantomime actress, Joseph D. Palmer’s, 1835.

HARVEY, NAPOLEON. Animal trainer, G. K. Goodwin’s, 1860.

HARVEY, ROBERT MITCHELL. (b. June 2, 1869) Born in Sidney, IA. Rider, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1884; W. F. Kirkhart’s Great American Railroad Circus (W. F. Kirkhart, R. M. Harvey, proprietors), 1895-1900; manager, Coop & Lent, 1918.

HASKINS, CHARLES H. Advertiser. At one time part of the bill posting firm of Cornell & Haskins. [M. B. Leavitt: He “knew every billboard in the United States, and for many seasons went ahead of the Barnum show, also the Hippodrome, as chief advertising agent.”] S. O. Wheeler’s, 1865, 1867; chief bill poster, L. B. Lent’s, 1874; Barnum’s Roman Hippodrome, 1875.

HASKINS, CHARLES P. (d. November 5, 1880) Punch and Judy in sideshow and in charge of Wild Men of Borneo, W. C. Coup’s, 1880. Died in Dawson, GA. Had worked for Dr. Hanford Warner, proprietor of the Wild Men, for 11 years.

HASKINS, GEORGE. Yankee Robinson’s, Chicago, 1866.

HASLETT, JOSEPH. Gymnast, (with Ashton) Sands & Nathans , 1859.

HASSABOURA, SAM. Japanese equilibrist, S. H. Barrett, 1882.

HASSAN, ALI. Arabian gymnast, Gardner & Hemmings, National Hall, Philadelphia, 1865.

HASSEN, ALI [Sie Hassen Ben Ali]. (d. July, 1914) Came to USA with Arab troupe, 1886. Died in Morocco.

HASWELL, JAMES. Flying-man, Robinson’s Circus, Califomia (Frank Frost, manager), 1886.

HAT, DOLLY. Acrobat, John Robinson’s, 1889.

HATCH GUS. Advertiser, Spalding & Rogers, 1847-1864. Kept a tavern in Kansas, 1885. [Charles H. Day: “There’s Gus Hatch, prospering in Kansas City and standing in with the real estate ring that are coining cash.”]

HATCH, JAMES A. Hitchcock, Hatch & Co. Was keeping a hotel in suburban New Haven, CT, 1877.

HATCHER, JOSEPH T. Exhibitor of curiosities, P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-73, sideshow manager, 1874.

HATFIELD, ALFRED GRIFFITH. See Al G. Field.

HATFIELD, FRED. Clown, Denver Dick’s Wild West and Sioux Indian Medicine Company, 1894.

HAVEN, S. B. Cole & Co., 1837.

HAVILAND D. Riding master, Dr. Gilbert R. Spalding’s, 1845-46.

HAVILAND, GEORGE R. Treasurer, James M. French’s, 1867; Romelli & Co., 1872; G. F. Bailey & Co., 1874.

HAWES. Co-proprietor, Thompson, Smith & Hawes, 1866.

HAWKINS, DOC. Ben Maginley’s, 1863.

HAWKINS, JAMES. Rider, winter circus, Chestnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, December 1868; Wootten & Haight, 1871.

HAWLEY, DAVID R. (June 6, 1849-June 10, 1886) Gymnast and flying trapeze. Was throughout his 20 years in the business considered “a daring, almost reckless, performer.” Performed a double somersault from a trapeze to a diagonal rope, 1872, Middlesex Hall, England. Was the earliest recorded aerialist using steel trapeze cables. Partner of August Buislay, early 1880s; for a time, teamed with T. E. Miaco as well as Harry Moulton. Thompson, Smith & Hawes, 1866; P. T. Barnum’s, 1871; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1874-78; L. B. Lent’s, 1876; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1878; Woodward’s Garden, San Francisco, CA, late fall 1878; (with Buislay) Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881-82; (with Buislay) Leon & Dockrill, Iron Amphitheatre, Havana, winter 1881-82; (with Buislay) Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1882-83; Cantelli & Leon, Havana, winter 1882-83; Pubillones’, Havana, winter 1884-85; Sparrow’s, 1886. On June 5, 1986, while practicing a triple somersault, landed on his shoulder in the net which caused concussion of the spine. June 9, 1886, married Maude Oswald, equestrienne, from his hospital bed, General Hospital, Montreal, Canada. Died the following day.

HAWLEY, E. Concert privilege, G. G. Grady’s, 1874.

HAYDEN, PROF. J. W. Balloonist. Lake’s Hippo-Olympiad, winter 1870-71; billed as a “French aeronaut,” Stone & Murray, 1871.

HAYDEN, W. R. Transportation agent, W. W. Cole’s, 1874; general manager, 1877; general agent, 1878; railroad contractor, 1879-81.

HAYDEN, WILLIAM. Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1880.

HAYES, GEORGE. Knife thrower, Robert Hunting’s, 1894.

HAYES, ISAAC. Howes’ European, winter 1864.

HAYES, LIZZIE. Trapeze performer, Boyd & Peters, 1879.

HAYNES, WILLIAM. General Agent, Satterlee, Bell & Co., 1858.

HAYS, TIM. Concert performer, Dan Castello & Co., 1866.

HAZELETT, JOSEPH. Gymnast and monkey man. Dr. Gilbert R. Spalding’s, 1848; Sands’, 1850-52; Joe Pentland’s, 1854; Washburn’s, 1855; Spalding & Rogers, 1856; G. F. Bailey & Co., 1857-58; Sands, Nathans & Co., 1859; James Robinson’s, 1870.

HAZEN, B. Band leader, George W. DeHaven’s, 1865.

HEATH, TOM. (1853-August 18, 1938) Of the famous comedy duo of McIntyre and Heath, teamed in 1874. Believed to have been bom in or near Philadelphia, 1853. 1884 was married to Grayce Margaret Speurl. Son born, 1902, but died 1919. Before joining with McIntyre, each had played with different partners in singing, dancing and comedy turns in the hinterlands. Formation was intended to be only temporary; merger worked so well that partnership was retained. Early on, billed as Alexander & Hennery, playing noted Ham Tree skit. Among the first teams to dance the buck and wing, occasion being at Tony Pastor’s Theater, NYC, 1879. Also claimed to have originated Negro ragtime, 1874. Tunes introduced by them included such classics as “Dem Golden Slippers,” “Old Black Joe” and “My Old Kentucky Home.” Great universal Fair and World’s Wonder Exposition (William O. Monroe, proprietor), 1877; Anderson & Co., 1879. Last show in which the team appeared was America Sings, a musical produced in Boston, 1934. Both men were in excellent financial circumstances. McIntyre died, 1937, age 80. Mrs. Heath died, 1929. Heath died of a heart attack at his home in Setauket, LI, age 85. See James McIntyre.

HECK, LOUIS. Concert minstrel violinist, George F. Bailey & Co., 1860; band leader, Sells Bros.’, 1874-81. [Peter Sells: “Louis Heck was a most precise man in everything and prided himself on speaking English correctly, although he was a German.”] Left the show, 1880s, and settled in Topeka, KS, where he gave music lessons and catered orchestras for social events.

HECTOR & FANE. Gymnasts, from the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London, first time in America, John H. Murray’s Railroad Circus., 1875.

HEDDEN, BILLY. Concert minstrel, Spalding & Rogers’ Floating Palace, 1859.

HEDGES, HENRY. Program agent, Howes’ Great London, 1875; contractor, Cooper, Bailey & Co,, 1879; mail agent, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1880; manager, advance car #1, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881-82.

HEDGES, LOUIS M. Program agent and assistant manager, Howes’ Great London, 1874; assistant manager, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879-80; superintendent, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881-82.

HEELEY BROTHERS. Contortionists, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884.

HEEN, LIZZIE. Gymnast, John Robinson’s, 1883.

HEFFRON, JOHN E. General agent, Shield’s, 1887-88; manager, Great Eastern, 1899, winter 1889-90.

HEFFRON, WILLIAM. Robinson & I lowes, 1864.

HEIDLER, J. W. Agent at large, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1876.

HEIGHT, GEORGE. Horizontal bars, Harry Thayer & Co.’s, 1890.

HELENE SISTERS. Riders, Melville, Maginley & Cooke, 1875.

HELLSTROM, ALEXANDER. Gymnastic clown, Barnum & Bailey, 1892.

HELM PROF. Band leader, Levi J. North’s, 1857.

HELMREICH, FREDERICK W. (1848?-July 13, 1910) Athlete. Born in Germany and came to America as a child, settling in Michigan. Particularly skilled in leaping, boxing and fencing. Joined John Robinson’s, where he remained for several years; later, P. T. Barnum’s. After leaving the circus business, became the first athletic instructor at the Denver Athletic Club and one of the top physical trainers in the country. Died in Denver, age 62.

HELOISE, MLLE. See Sallie Stickney.

HEMMICK, F. Acrobat, John Robinson’s, 1874-75.

HEMMINGS, ELVIRA [Mrs. Richard Hemmings]. See Richard Hemmings.

HEMMINGS, JAMES. Equestrian, juggler and running globe performer. Hemmings, Cooper & Whitby, 1868; Mrs. Charles Warner’s, Philadelphia, winter 1868-69; Bryan’s, 1869.

HEMMINGS, RICHARD. (January 4, 1834-February 19, 1919) Gymnast. Born in Birmingham, England, the son of an actor who performed for a number of years with Edmund Kean. First appeared in public, Queen’s Theatre, Manchester, 1839, as a baby monkey in a monkey ballet with Mons. Goffe. Continued to perform in pantomimes and horse dramas, training himself in the art of riding, tumbling and tight-rope work through the instruction of Mons. Caldi, the great dancing master, and Signor Chiarini. Joined his uncle and the famous Hemmings troupe of acrobats who traveled as Professor Hemmings and His Wonderful Infants until 1849. Apprenticed to William Batty, London. During the World’s Exhibition, 1851, performed as a riding act. Following this, was with the Mlle. Macarte Co., and Pablo Fanque’s. Last engagement in England, Vauxhall Gardens Winter Circus, London, 1855. October 9 of that year, left Southhampton on the side-wheeler, Erickson, for NYC and was engaged by Chiarini for his Cuban circus. Afterwards, VanAmburgh & Co., 1857-58; New National Circus (John Tryon, proprietor), winter 1957-58; Sloat & Shephard, 1858; Sloat & Shepherd’s “Joe Peiitland”, 1859. Went into partnership with Dan Gardner, Gardner & Hemmings, starting with 3 ring horses for their first stand at Comac’s Woods, Philadelphia. Then, Front Street Theartre, Baltimore, early winter, 1860. Winter 1861, the company was under the Gardner, Hemmings & Madigan title. 1863, Gardner & Hemmings joined with the VanAmburgh menagerie, 12 cages of animals, plus elephants and camels. James Cooper bought an interest, 1865, making it Gardner Hemmings & Cooper. Dan Rice was engaged as a special feature, 1867, for $1,000 per week. Show changed hands again, 1868, making it Hemmings, Cooper & Whitby, which continued through 1870. After Whitby was shot and killed during a riot in Vicksburg, MS, the show went out as Hemmings & Cooper for 2 seasons with James A. Bailey as advertising manager. Hemmings sold out to Cooper at the end of 1872 season and the show went out the following year as Cooper & Bailey. Also connected with Hippotheatron, NYC, winter 1863-64; S. O. Wheeler’s, Boston, winter 1864-65; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1875-80; John O’Brien’s, 1883. Retired from the business, 1883, and settled in Philadelphia. His wife, Elvira, was an equestrienne. See Elvira Whitby.

HENDERSON, ABE. (September 10, 1836-October 14, 1876) Born at Port Hope, Ontario. Came to USA at age 16. Manager, James Robinson’s, 1870-71; Rosston, Springer and Henderson, (Frank H. Rosston, Andrew Springer, Abe Henderson, Adam Forepaugh, proprietors), 1871. Forepaugh bought out his partners, October 1872. Henderson bought half interest in Joel E. Warner’s, January 1874, Warner & Henderson’s Great Pacific Combination (Henderson, manager; Warner, general agent); manager, Springer’s Royal Cirq-Zoolodon, 1875. Died of an ulcerated liver at his home in Gerard, PA, where he had lived since 1864, age 40.

HENDERSON, ALEX. Co-proprietor, James Robinson’s Circus and Animal Show, 1870.

HENDERSON, DAVID. Associate, Howes & Norton (formerly Robinson & Howes), 1864; Nixon’s Amphitheatre, Washington, DC, 1865; Dan Rice’s (managed by Adam Forepaugh), 1866; sideshow privilege (with James DeMott), Adam Forepaugh’s, 1867; chief bill poster, Howes’ Great London, 1874.

HENDERSON, JOHN W. Agent, Katie Putnam company, early 1870s; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1874.

HENDLEY, PAULINE. Equestrienne, with Lake’s Hippo-Olympiad, 1869. Husband Sam was also with the company.

HENDRICKS, SAMUEL J. Ludlow & Smith, 1841; Dr. Gilbert R. Spalding’s, 1845; S. P. Stickney’s, 1846-47; Great Western (Dennison Stone, Thomas McCollum, proprietors), 1846.

HENDRICKS, W. QUINNETT. (May 28, 1850-February 28, 1932) Miles Orton’s, 1865; Yankee Robinson’s, 1866; North American (George W. DeHaven, manager), 1868; Backenstoe’s, 1869; Great Western, 1870; Great Eastern, 1871; Great American Racing Association, 1875; Charles Bartine’s, 1878; John Robinson’s, 1881; Sam Stickney’s, 1883; Cooper & Jackson, 1883;; clown, New York and New England (O. J. Ferguson, proprietor), 1884; W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884-85; bought half interest in Priest show, 1886; Ringling Bros.’, 1886; Miller Bros.’, 1889; Gollmar Bros.’, 1890; LaPearl’s, 1892, 1897; co-proprietor, Mullen’s Big Railroad Show, 1893; advance car manager, Campbell Bros.’, 1899-1906; Fred Buchanan’s Yankee Robinson’s, 1907-08; Reaver & Kelly’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin Co., 1920. See Quinnett Family.

HENDRICKSON, WILLIAM. Partner of John Wilson, California. John Wilson filed suit against him for dissolution of their partnership, 1864. Trouble between the two first occurred, 1859, when Wilson had a unit of their circus in South America and Hendrickson was managing another on the West Coast. After a successful season the previous year, money was laid aside for real estate investment. When Wilson returned he was informed that Hendrickson’s company had a losing season and the reserve funds were used up in an attempt to keep the show running; but this could not be verified because “the books had been lost.” Later, Wilson learned that certain real estate had indeed been purchased by Hendrickson using partnership money. Finding this to be irregular, Wilson sued for a deed to one-half of the property so purchased, as well as for the dissolution of the partnership.

HENDRY, W. W. Proprietor, Hendry’s new London Shows, 1892.

HENGLER, JENNIE LOUISE. Double riding and driving manège act, P. T. Barnum’s, 1877. Daughter of English manager Charles Hengler.

HENNESSEY, JAMES. Cornetist in Sunshine Pop Gibler’s band, Burr Robbins’, 1881. [D. W. Watt: “He was one of the finest in the business in his day and on account of his youth, when young Hennessey would step out in front and play a solo, he was always greeted by thousands who would cheer him to the echo and they would not be satisfied until the young man would respond to a second number.”] Only other year with a circus, Ringling Bros.’, 1892.

HENNESSEY, J. R. W. Manager, Valkingburg & Co., 1881-82; manager, Siegrist, Howe & Co., winter 1984; name changed to Atlantic and Pacific Shows, 1885, collapsed in Georgetown, TX; manager, Senor Cortina’s Spanish, Mexican and Wild West Show, 1885; Cooper & Co. (J. R. W. Hennessey, proprietor and manager), 1896-1901.

HENRI, PROF. G. [and children]. Gymnasts, Dan Rice’s Paris Pavilion, 1873.

HENRICO, SIGNOR [r. n. Thomas H. Williams]. Clown. Boston Lion Circus, 1936; Whittinore, Thompson & Co., 1865.

HENRICOS [3]. Trapeze and horizontal bar, Great Oriental Pavilion Show, 1877.

HENRIQUE, JUAN. Spanish bareback rider, Herr Driesbach & Howes, 1868.

HENRIQUE, MLLE. Equestrian, Shelby, Pullman & Hamilton, 1881.

HENRIQUES, ARLOTTA. Rider, L. B. Lent’s, 1874.

HENRY, C. Concert minstrel, Orton & Older, 1859.

HENRY, JOHN. Rider, Stone & Murray, 1868.

HENRY, M. Rider. Aaron Turner’s, 1837; Robinson & Foster, 1843.

HENRY, WILLIAM. Treasurer, John B. Doris’, 1883.

HENRY, WILLY. General performer, Thompson, Smith & Hawes, 1866.

HENSHAW, WILLIAM. Sideshow lecturer, with Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1882.

HEPP, JOE [r. n. Warren A. Patrick]. Ringling Bros.’ prior to 1895. In the circus business around a dozen years before becoming western manager for New York Clipper and writer of the column under the nom de plume of “Joe Hepp.” One of the founders of the Showmen’s League of America, for which he was the secretary for some years.

HERBERT, COCO. Clown, Barnum & Bailey, 1893.

HERBERT BROTHERS [Edward, Fred, Charles]. Acrobats, high stilts, and Roman ladders. Natives of Muncie, IN. Joel E. Warner’s, 1876; John Robinson’s, 1877-78; W. W. Cole’s, 1878; Orrin Bros.’, Havana, winter 1878-79; P. T. Barnum’s, 1879; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1880-83; Leon & Dockrill, Iron Amphitheatre, Havana, winter 1881-82; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1885-86; Irwin Bros.’, 1889. Fred Herbert, tumbler and trapeze artist, Hemmings, Cooper & Whitby, 1869-70; James E. Cooper’s, 1872; Sells Bros.’, 1872-73. While with Sells, married Miss Lida Jones of Muncie, IN, July 27, 1872, at Dwight, IL.

HERMAN. Equestrian. With Lailson’s, Philadelphia, 179798. Stood on his moving mount and placed one of his feet in his mouth and leaped his horse through a 6’ hogshead.

HERMAN, G. Concert minstrel, Albizu’s, Havana, fall 1866.

HERMAN, J. A. [r. n. Simonson]. (January 1, 1823-January 23, 1901) Born in Brooklyn, NY. First appeared in public with a concert company in white face, 1840, Croton Hall, located at the junction of Bowery and Division Street, NYC. First appeared in black face with a small minstrel band, consisting of Duke Morgan, Alfred Delapere, William Harrington, and Raymond, with Mabie’s, appearing in the sideshow. 1848, Kimberly’s Campbell Minstrels, Society Library Rooms, NYC; Holton & Gates’ Harmoniums, Simon Pure American Circus, NYC, October 1, 1866; took his leave of the stage at Hooley’s Opera House, Brooklyn, about 1871; then reappeared at Hooley’s Opera House, Brooklyn, 1874, remaining about 2 weeks; after which, retired from the profession. November 1874, was proprietor of a hotel on the site of the old Union Racetrack, LI.

HERMAN, R. Barnum, VanAmburgh and Castello, 1867.

HERN, EVAN EVANS. See Eph Horn.

HERNANDEZ, A. M. Yankee Robinson’s, 1868.

HERNANDEZ, CLIO [r. n. Mary A. Harter]. (d. December 31, 1898) Equestrienne, principal and 4-horse rider, Wallace & Co., 1886-87. Was apparently married to J. C. Harrington at one time; by 1890, was married to P. W. Donovan. Donovan died in Oswego, NY, March 12, 1896. Cleo died from acute pneumonia.

HERNANDEZ, JAMES [Sometimes Juan, but r. n. Mickey Kelly]. (1832-July 19, 1861) Native of Albany, NY. Excellent pad rider, a rival of James Robinson, and celebrated in the capitols of Europe. After serving an apprenticeship with old John Robinson, performed with Charles Bacon’s (billed as Master Robinson), winter 1837; Bacon & Derious, 1838; took the name of Hernandez while with Ludlow & Smith’s American Theatre Troupe, New Orleans, winter season 1840-41. Probably a member of the troupe Sol Smith took to Havana, winter 1841-42. 1843, as an 11 year old, was advertised as “the pet, the pride, the champion of the arena.” Robinson & Foster, 1842-44; Sands, Lent & Co., 1846-47; went to England, 1849, recruited by William Batty, Astley’s Royal Amphitheatre. [George Speaight: “There was nothing very sensational about the feats he achieved; he sprang from the horse’s back while standing and kneeling; he skipped with a small hoop or riding whip, passing it three or four times round his body in one leap; he leaped over flags spread three abreast, nearly nine foot in breadth, facing both front and back; he stood on one foot, with the other in his hand and on his head. But it was the manner in which he presented it that made his performance so remarkable. Every feat was cleanly and successfully accomplished at the first attempt.”] During stay in England, appeared with William Cooke’s, Birmingham and Brighton; Franconi’s, Manchester, Nottingham and Leeds; Pablo Fanque’s, Liverpool and Sheffield; Welch & McCollum, Liverpool. January, 1852, at 17 years of age, went into partnership with Rufus Welch, Royal Pavilion Circus, Brighton, and later toured as Welch, Hernandez & Co.’s American Circus and Mammoth Marquee. Later opened his own circus, Leeds, 1852-53 season. 1853, went into partnership with Eaton Stone, Hernandez & Stone’s American Circus. Left for America, October, 1855. L. B. Lent’s, 1856; Joe Pentland’s, 1856; Richard Risley’s hall show, California, 1857; Lee & Bennett, San Francisco, 1857, billed as “The Ducrow of the West”; Rowe & Marshall, Hawaiian Islands and Australia, winter 1857-58; L. B. Lent’s, winter 1858-59, 1859-60; Harry Whitby’s, 1859. Died in Singapore 2 years later.

HERNANDEZ, JUAN. See James Hernandez.

HERNANDEZ, LEO. Sideshow bearded lady. Married R. R. Moffitt, tattooed man, Frankfort, PA, February 11, 1883.

HERNANDEZ, LOUISE. Dancing tight-rope, Scribner & Clements, 1887.

HERNANDEZ, RICHARD. Contortionist and rider, L. B. Lent’s, 1859-62.

HERNANDO. Welch’s, Philadelphia, 1843.

HERTZOG, DANIEL. Supt. of candy privilege, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1876; same, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879, sideshow orator, 1880.

HERVEY, JULLAN FLINT [Also Master Harvey, Young Harvey, J. Harvey, Leonard Hervey]. (January 6, 1832-March 31, 1905) Born in Whitehall, NY. “Youth without bones,” North American, 1846-47; Stone & McCollum, 1848; Reynolds’, 1854; equestrian director and gymnast, (as Julian Henry) Orton & Older, 1857-58; clown (as Jule Harvey), Mabie Bros.’, 1859; Orton Bros.’, 1868-69. Died Roswell, NM.

HESLEY, JAMES. Clown, Irwin Bros.’, 1888.

HESS. Strong man, called the “American Sampson,” Howes & Sands, 1835; Mammoth Eagle Circus (James B. Green, manager), 1836. Held a 300 pound anvil while 2 men beat it with sledge hammers.

HETHERBY, JOSEPH. Band leader. Rivers & Derious, 1852; Myers & Madigan, 1854; Ballard, Bailey, 1855.

HETTINGER & NIBBE. Hebrew artists, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1882.

HEWITT, JOSEPH H. Treasurer, assistant manager, Charles Lee’s London Shows, 1892-96; business manager, Sig. Sautelle’s, 1897.

HEYWOOD, JAMES. Proprietor and manager, New York Central Park Circus, 1877.

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