Circus Historical Society
Olympians of the Sawdust Circle
Olympians of the Sawdust Circle: A biographical dictionary of the ninteenth century American circus
Li - Ly
Compiled and Edited by William L. Slout
Copyright © 2005 by William L. Slout. All rights reserved.
LIBBY, E. Ringmaster, Albizu’s, Havana, November 1866.
LIBBY, WILLIAM [“Hercules”]. Strong man. Wesley Barmore’s, 1854; Great Western, 1855; Spalding & Rogers, 1856-61; Nixon & Kemp, 1858; Chiarini’s, winter 1861-62; ringmaster, Horner & Bell, 1865; ringmaster, Albizu’s, Havana, fall 1866; George F. Bailey & Co., 1868-69; ringmaster and cannon ball act, Joel E. Warner’s, 1871, 1876; cannon ball and strong man, Warner, Henderson & Co., 1874; ringmaster and cannon ball performer, Springer’s Royal Cirq-Zoolodon, 1875; Martinho Lowande’s, 1881; Pubillones’, Havana, winter 1884-85. It was said that he “throws cannon balls about the ring like shuttle-cocks.” Married Kate Partington, concert hall performer.
LIDLER, E. E. Musical director, Welsh & Sands, 1893.
LIENAUD, MARY. hippodrome jockey, sailor dance (concert), Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1882.
LILA. Dan Rice’s Paris Pavilion Circus, 1871. “Two-woman” trapeze act as partner, Zoe, blindfolded and encased in a sack, swung from a trapeze, turned a somersault in mid-air, and ended by clutching a single rope, a version of l’échelle périleuse. It has been said that their leap and catch performance may have represented the first appearance of a female catcher. However, a vague newspaper comment in August read: “Dan has no female trapeze performers. One of the girls was discovered to be a boy recently, and the other one left and went into Canada.”
LINDAMAN, HERR. Lion tamer, W. H. Stowe’s, winter 1881-82.
LINDEN, HARRY. Levy J. North’s, 1857-59.
LINDLEY, ROBERT. Negro minstrel. Orton & Older, 1858; Mabie’s, 1860.
LINDSAY, COL. HUGH. (1804-August 23, 1860) Showman in the business for about 40 years, performing primarily in Pennsylvania. Connected with various exhibitions from which he accumulated considerable wealth. At age 15, apprenticed with J. E. Myers and Lewis Mestayer. Subsequently, with John Miller’s company; Weyman’s, 1823-24; Welch’s; Fields & Ponier; Aaron Turner’s; H. Hawley’s; Mills & Harrison. Some of his pupils were S. S. Sandford, the minstrel; Skoweriski, the rope-walker; and equestrians Stout, Nagle, and Shindel. Married Lydia Panley, 1828. Died in Berks County, PA. [T. Allston Brown: “He was a warm-hearted and generous man, having probably disbursed in his day, for the benefit of others, a hundred thousand dollars....”]
LINES, D. R. [also Lyons]. Drury, VanTassle & Brown/ Brown & Mills, 1837; W. Waterman & Co., 1838; Benseley, Lyons & Stone, 1839; menagerie manager, W. Seeley’s, 1840; Lines’, 1841; manager, James Raymond’s, 1841-42.
LING LOOK. Egyptian “Fire King,” ate live coals and licked red hot bars of iron. Nixon’s Amphitheatre, Chicago, 1872; Barnum’s Roman Hippodrome, 1875.
LINGARD, CHARLES W. (1849?-April 21, 1910) Trapeze performer and iron jaw man. Valkingburg’s, 1881; Beckett’s, 1887; Montgonery Queen’s, 1887; Sieber & Co., 1888. His big feat was that of holding a 150 pound cannon in his teeth. First wife, Annie Wachtel, was a flying rings performer. Later appeared with Tillie Beck as a partner, 1884. Died in St. Louis, MO, age 61.
LINK, BILLY and FANNIE. Aerialists, Burr Robbins, 1891.
LINK, HENRY. Contracting agent, with Lockwood & Flynn, 1887.
LINSLEY, J. Boss canvasman, Great Oriental Pavilion Show, 1877.
LINTON BROTHERS. Acrobats, W. C. Coup’s, 1880.
LINTON, THOMAS. J. J. Hall’s, winter 1836; Frost & Co., 1837-38. The following may or may not be the same man: clown, Sands, Nathans, 1855; Nixon & Kemp, 1857; James M. Nixon’s, winter 1858; Nixon & Co., 1859; Lenton & Nichols, Buenos Aires, winter 1859; VanAmburgh & Co., 1860.
LIONI, VIRGINIA. Rider. Possibly a pupil of H. C. Lee. Lee & Marshall, 1853-55; Bennett’s, 1856; Lee & Bennett, 1858; L. B. Lent’s, 1861.
LIPMAN, JACOB M. (d. February 2, 1899) Started Lipman Bros.’, 1866, with brother Michael, traveling on the steamboat Marietta and performing in towns along the Ohio, Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. Two daughters, Blanche and Georgie, were professionals. Died at his home in Philadelphia.
LIPMAN, LOUIS J. “LEO”. Rider. Brother of Moses and Sol Lipman. Cincinnati Circus, 1841; John Tryon’s, Bowery Amphitheatre, NYC, 1843, 1846; Rockwell & Co., 1847; Welch & Mann, 1843-45; June & Turner, 1846; principal riding act, leaping through a 29” diameter balloon, Henry Rockwell’s, 1847; Crane & Co., 1849; dramatic rider, J. M. June’s, 1851; riding master, National Circus, Chestnut Street, below Ninth, Philadelphia, 1852; Raymond & Co., 1852; Welch’s, Philadelphia, 1857-58, 1860; Philadelphia Circus, winter 1867-68.
LIPMAN, MOSES J. (1811-March 2, 1892) Tumbler. Born in London, the eldest of 3 brothers, the others being Sol, clown, and Louis, circus rider. Came to USA with brothers and apprencticed to J. Purdy Brown, 1825, and continued with the company at least until 1830. William Harrington’s, 1825, being only 12 years old at this time; clown, Asa T. Smith’s, 1829; John Lamb’s, Front Street Theatre, Baltimore, 1831; Fogg & Stickney, 1830, 1831-33; Brown’s, 1835; Brown & Co., 1836-37; vaulter, Clayton, Bartlett & Welch, 1840; June, Titus, Angevine & Co., 1842; VanAmburgh’s, England, 1844; Richard Sands’, England, 1845; vaulter, tumbler, scene rider, Welch & Delavan, 1847; Dr. Gilbert R. Spalding’s, 1847; Great Western, 1848-49; Aaron Turner’s, 1849; Myers & Madigan, 1854-55; also connected with Bidwell, Spalding & Rogers, P. T. Barnum’s, John Robinson’s, and at one time, his own show. Said to have thrown 71 successive somersaults without tripping, 1842. Kept a pawn shop, Cincinnati, OH, 1884. Died in Cincinnati, age 81, being bed ridden during the last 6 years of his life.
LIPMAN, SOLOMON. (b. 1812?) Clown. Brother of Louis and Moses Lipman. J. Purdy Brown’s, 1827, performing on 2 ponies, apparently his debut. Followed by engagements with Handy & Welch, West Indies, 1829; the Royal Pavilion Circus/Olympic Circus, 1830; Handy & Welch, 1830; John Lamb’s, Front Street. Theatre, Baltimore, 1831; then J. B. Green’s, 1833; J. T. and J. B. Bailey’s, 1834; Mabie Bros.’, 1848.
LIPPERT, GEORGE. (1844?-July 24, 1906) Possessed a body that had 2 hearts, 3 perfectly formed legs, and 16 toes. At one time, connected with P. T. Barnum’s. Mrs. Mary Riggs, a florist of Salem, OR, gave him a home when he retired from the business, around 1899. Died of consumption in Salem, age 62.
LIPPERT, HERR. Pony performer, P. T. Barnum’s, 1874.
LITTLE ALL RIGHT [Que Gero]. Japanese boy performer. Barnum’s Roman Hippodrome, 1875; P. T. Barnum’s, 1876-77; Cooper, Bailey & Co., Australian tour, 1877-78; Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881.
LITTLE GEMMA. Rider of Madrid, Spain. Featured in a riding act with Ella Zoyara and referred to as his pupil. Great Orion Circus, Bowery Theatre, fall 1861; Stickney’s National Circus, Old Bowery, 1861. [Hartford Times, July 6, 1861: “This precocious equestrian genius appears for the first time in America in a bold, original and faultless performance on horseback entitle ‘The Child of the Regiment.’”]
LITTLE, JOHN W. Agent for Barnum’s autobiography, P. T. Barnum’s, 1880.
LITTLE MAC. Clown. S. B. Howes’ European, 1865.
LITTLE VENUS. Contortionist, Sig. Sautelle’s, 1897-98.
LITTLEFINGER, COUNT. Dwarf, W. W. Cole’s, 1878-79; Australian tour (which left San Francisco, October 23, 1880).
LITTLEFINGER, DOLLIE. Dwarf, died March 13, 1901, at Kendallville, IN.
LITTLEFLUGER, MAJOR ROBERT [r. n. Robert Huzza]. (d. 1929) Midget. 4’ 1” tall. Married Mollie Shade, “the Lilliputian Queen,” of Osceola, IA, June 5, 1881, while both were with Sells Bros.’ Mollie died in child birth at Kendallville, IN, June 24, 1882. Only a short time later, he met Ida Hosmer while passing through Hartford, CT, with a show. The two were married at Runnell’s Museum, Brooklyn, NY, March 7, 1883. By this time he had been in the business some 11 years. The two exhibited together on Adam Forepaugh’s and John Robinson’s, and worked in Midget City, Coney Island. The Major had a steady job in Jersey City, NJ, that he could return to when necessary, as a messenger dressed in a policeman’s uniform, the “Little Cop.” With Sheldenburger & Co., 1871; “smallest man in the world,” Great Eastern, 1872-74; VanAmburgh & Co., 1872; Sells Bros.’, 1881; John Robinson’s, 1885; Sig. Sautelle’s, 1899. Died in Jacksonville, FL, age 65.
LITTLEFLUGER, IDA. [Mrs. Robert Huzza, nee Ida Hosmer]. 3’ 9” tall. One of 13 children, all the others being of normal size. Living in Hartford, CT, when she met and married Robert Huzza, known as Major Littlefluger, who was passing through with a show. Married with much ceremony at Runnell’s Museum, Brooklyn, NY, March 7, 1883. Exhibited together with Adam Forepaugh’s and John Robinson’s and worked at the Midget City colony, Coney Island. Died November, 1910.
LITTLEPAGE, Gov. Midget, Walter L. Main’s, 1893.
LITTLEWOOD, E. Band leader, J. R. & W. Howe, 1833.
LIVINGSTON, ADOLPH. D. W. Stone’s, 1878; Metropolitan Circus, Havana, winter 1878-79; Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879-80.
LIVINGSTON BROTHERS [George, Paul]. Acrobats. Sells Bros.’, 1874, 1877; ground and lofty tumbling, Howes’ Great London, 1877-78; Orrin Bros.’, Havana, winter 1877-78, 1884, 1888-89; Hilliard & DeMott, 1880; W. W. Cole’s, 1880-81, 1886; O’Brien, Handenberger, Astley & Lowanda, 1884; (4 brothers) W. W. Cole’s, 1886; Lowande & Hoffman, 1887; Phillips-Scott, 1888.
LIVINGSTON FAMILY [Charles, Chris, Ed, Harry, Victor, Maude]. Aerialists, gymnasts, acrobats, and cyclists. Maude (d. January 13, 1907) a native of Louisville, KY. Married Charles Livingston, 1880. Recently retired from performing before she died in NYC. Sells & Rentfrow’s, 1893; James Donovan’s, Bermuda, winter 1891-92; Walter L. Main’s, 1899; Great Wallace, 1900.
LIVINGSTON, JENNIE. Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879-80.
LIVINGSTON, MAY. Pupil of Prof. Langworthy. New National Circus (John Tryon, proprietor), winter 1857-58, entering the den for the first time.
LIVINGSTONE, BLAIR. Gregory & D’Alma, 1889.
LIVINGSTONE FAMILY. Aerialists, gymnasts, acrobats, bicyclists. Headed by Chris H. Livingstone. Sells & Rentfrow, 1892.
LLOYD BROTHERS. Contortionists, St. Germain’s Imperial Circus, 1889.
LLOYD, CHARLES. (d. August 16, 1889) P. T. Barnum’s.
LLOYD, JAMES. English hurdle rider and tight-rope performer with his 2 sons. Brought to America by Sam Watson for Adam Forepaugh’s, 1882, performing for a salary of $250 a week. [D. W. Watt: “A quart of milk and a five cent loaf of bread was their lunch in the evening and they would always enjoy this near the sleeping cars after the evening show. It was fair to say that the Lloyd family took more than 99 percent of their salaries back to England.”] Later, had a circus in Ireland, 1885.
LOA & RUGE. Contortionists, Doris & Colvin, 1887.
LOBELL, JAMES. Rider. Died August 5, 1873, Omaha, NE.
LOCKE, ANNA. Armless woman, P. T. Barnum’s, 1871.
LOCKE, FRED. Proprietor, Locke’s, 1889-95; Hargraves, 1901.
LOCKHART, C. Performing birds, with Washington Bros.’, 1887.
LOCKWOOD, A. L., JR. Cole & Lockwood’s All New United Shows (George S. Cole, A. L. Lockwood, Jr., proprietors), 1894.
LOCKWOOD, GEORGE R. (1821?-November 1910) Clown. VanAmburgh & Co., when show moved by wagon. Retired, 1881, and went into the hotel business in Anderson, IN. Died there, age 89.
LOCKWOOD, HENRY. Athlete, Stone & Murray, 1869-70.
LOGAN, PROF. Band leader, the Great American Circus, 1893.
LOGAN, THOMAS C. Proprietor, Logan’s, 1891.
LONG, C. Alex Robinson’s, 1866.
LONG, CHARLES. Bartine Five-Clown Circus and Electric Light Pavilion (Charles Bartine, Sid C. France, proprietors), 1880.
LONG, DAVID. (1830-November 24, 1885) Clown. Went to California for gold, 1849, and drifted into the circus business. Risley, Rowe & Co., 1856; Mammoth, 1857; Kimball’s, 1859; Wilson’s Dan Rice, 1860; Wilson’s, Honolulu, 1861; Wilson’s Joe Pentland, 1862; Orrin Bros.’, San Francisco, 1863; Lee & Ryland’s Cosmopolitan Circus, San Francisco, 1866; Jeal & Co., California, 1871; Ryland Circus, California, 1872.
LONG, FRANK. (?-June 2, 1908) Acrobat. Native of Litchfield, IL. Horizontal bars and trapeze, Frank A. Gardner’s, South America and West Indies, 1889-93; co-owner, Donovan & Long (James Donovan, Frank Long), Central America, 1897. Died from paralysis, Bristol, TN.
LONG, HARRY K. General performer. Clown, Older’s, 1872; gymnast, G. G. Grady’s, 1874; Orrin Bros.’, Havana, winter 1878-79; leaper, W. W. Cole’s, 1879-80; Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881-82; Sells Bros.’, 1884; George Richards’, 1888; treasurer and co-proprietor, Stow, Long & Gumble, 1889; Clark Bros.’, 1892; sideshow manager, G. W. Hall’s, 1894. Married Maggie Claire of the flying Claire Sisters, Carlisle, PA, September 6, 1879.
LONG, H. C. Business manager, Hobson Bros.’, 1893.
LONG, JAMES. Agent, VaAmburgh & Co., 1874.
LONG, JAMES. Clown, John Forepaugh’s, California, 1888.
LONG, J. C. Herculean performer, G. G. Grady’s, 1869; leaper, Wootten & Haight, 1871; Mayo’s Model Show, 1884; cannon ball and heavy balancing, John B. Doris’, 1886. Had sons Frank and Edward.
LONG, “MASTER”. Rider, a member of Ricketts company and the youngster on Ricketts shoulders for his “Flying Mercury” act; replaced Strobach for the southern tour.
LONG, MRS. HARRY. See Maggie Claire.
LONG, SAM. (?-January 29, 1863) Negro minstrel. Native of Pennsylvania, designated “Big Sam” so as not to be confused with Sam Long, the clown. Worked on the steamship Banjo with Spalding & Roger’s minstrel company at the start of the Civil War; was also with their circus company. Died from pneumonia, Paducah, KY.
LONG, SAM. (1822-1891) Clown. Robinson & Eldred, 1850-56; G. N. Eldred’s, 1857-58; Sloat & Shepherd’s “Joe Pentland”, 1859; Niblo & Sloat, 1860; Robinson & Lake, 1860; Madigan & Gardner, Front Street Theatre, Baltimore, 1860-61; First National Union (combination of Nixon’s Royal Circus and Sloat’s New York Circus), 1861; Spalding & Rogers, Old Bowery Theatre, NYC, 1861; Tom King’s, Washington, DC, winter 1861-62; Gardner & Hemmings, 1862; R. Sands’, 1863; Bailey & Co., winter 1863-64; Hippotheatron, NYC, late winter 1864; Gardner & Hemmings, Front Street Theatre, winter 1865-66; Seth B. Howe’s European, 1865-70; Cooke’s, Philadelphia, winter 1867-68; Chestnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, winter 1868-69; John Robinson’s, 1872; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1873-75; O’Brien, Handenberger, Astley & Lowanda, 1884. Opened a restaurant, corner of Second and Gaskill Streets, Philadelphia, 1877. Later, 1879, had a shoe store in that city. [John Dingess: He was a “candid man, a good friend, and one of the best clowns in the business.”] Sang a good song, told a clever joke, acted well and was eager to make his audiences laugh. Married, NYC, April 6, 1861, Miss Louisa Hampton.
LONG, SELINA. John Wilson’s, American Theatre, San Francisco, which had been fashioned into an amphitheatre, spring 1860.
LONG, T. B. General agent, Cole’s (George S. Cole, John H. Sparks, proprietors), 1893; Sells Bros.’, 1895.
LONG, THEODORE B. Band leader, Great London, 1889.
LONG, WILLIAM C. Rider, L. B. Lent’s, 1876.
LONGREEN, S. High wire and acrobat, John Robinson’s, 1886-88.
LOPER, WILLIAM C. Asst. Mgr., Frank Robbins’, 1889.
LORD, CHARLES. Agent, DeHaven’s, 1862; Asst. mgr, Castello & VanVleck, 1863.
LORD, M. Master of properties, Great Oriental Pavilion Show, 1877.
LORELLA BROTHERS . Dancers and high kickers, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881.
LORETTA BROTHERS [Otis, Charles]. Gymnasts, aerialists, Irwin Bros.’, 1890.
LOROUX, MONS. Juggler and barrel performer, Rosston, Springer & Henderson, 1871.
LORREY, JOHN. Gymnast, W. W. Cole’s, 1886.
LOUBOW, POLINE. Principal clown, John Robinson’s, 1871.
LOUGHLIN, D. C. [and wife]. 2-horse carrying act, Robert Hunting’s, 1894.
LOUISE, MLLE. Wire ascensionist, Levi J. North’s, 1856, 1860; Nixon & Kemp, 1857; Joe Pentland’s, 1858; Cooke & Robinson, 1861; George W. DeHaven’s, 1865.
LOUISETTE, CAROLINE. 4 and 6-horse bareback rider, L. B. Lent’s, 1874.
LOUNSBURY, GEORGE W., JR. See Dick Hunter.
LOUNT, H. R. Agent, Robinson & Eldred, 1846.
LOVELACE, F. W. Manager, Albert Hose’s, 1889-93.
LOVELL, ALFRED. Bear trainer. Trained grizzly bear act, Providence, RI, December 1853; Dan Rice’s, 1855; bear and tiger, Buckley’s, 1857; Lovell’s Great Show, 1859; Miller & Lovell’s Great Menagerie and Variety Show, Lexington, KY, 1860. Had bear and tent attached by sheriff, Memphis, TN, 1859. Ran hall show, Columbus, GA, for benefit of soldiers families of Confederate States of America. Lovell’s California Grizzly Bear, Conklin Bros.’ Great American, Mexico, 1866.
LOVETT, JOHN. Clown. Quick, Sands & Co., Baltimore, 1833; Rockwell & Co., 1848; G. C. Quick’s, 1852; Crystal Amphitheatre, 1853.
LOW, MILLIE. Aerial act, Fulford & Co., 1890.
LOWANDA, JOHN. Trapeze, Dan Rice’s, 1877.
LOWANDA, NAPPA. Rider and acrobat, John Robinson’s, 1877-78.
LOWANDE, ABERLARDO. (1853-March 19, 1928) Somersault pad act, tumbler, leaper from at least 1869 until 1895. Same generation as Clarinda and Martinho, Sr., sometimes recorded as an adopted son of Alexander IV. Birthplace listed as Sao Paulo, Brazil. Castello, Nixon & Howes, 1869; Siegrist, VanAmburgh & Lowande, 1870; 2-horse act, Van Amburgh & Co., 1871; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1871-73; somersault rider, Castorienas & Co., Cuba, 1873-74; Rothchild & Co. (John O’Brien’s), 1874; Sam Cole’s Dominion Circus, 1875; Montgomery Queen’s, 1876; Lowande’s Great Brazilian Circus, 1877; Dr. James L. Thayer’s, 1877; Cooper, Bailey & Co., Australia and New Zealand, 1877-78; pad act, Orrin Bros.’, Havana, 1881; Mexico, winter 1881-82; Batcheller & Doris’, 1882; Pubillones’, Cuba, 1883-85; Hobson’s, 1883; R. H. Dockrill’s, Panama, winter 1886-87; principal bareback riding act, Irwin Bros.’, 1893; Tony Lowande’s, 1894; Cortada’s, Cuba, 1894-95; E. E. Rice’s, Manhattan Beach, Coney Island, 1895. His wife Josephine began to appear with him in riding acts around 1882. The marriage produced 8 sons and daughters. Purchased a 30 acre farm near Green Broad, NJ, 1895. Died in Bound Brook, NJ, after a short illness and was survived by Josephine and their children.
LOWANDE, ALEXANDER A. Son of Martinho Lowande, Sr. (not to be confused with his uncle, Alexander G. Lowande) Acrobat, Martinho Lowande’s Brazilian Circus, 1883; by 1896, hurdle act and 2 and 4-horse riding, Howe’s Great London, 1896; Forepaugh-Sells, 1903; Ringling Bros.’, 1904-05; Barnum & Bailey, 1908; rough rider, Sig. Sautelle’s, 1911 (wife, Matilda, was wardrobe mistress). Became a circus proprietor as a partner with his brother Oscar in Lowande Bros.’, 1920-21, which went to Puerto Rico. Again, Central and South America as co-owner with Oscar, winter 1922-23. Although started early in life as a circus performer, eventually became a Christian minister and chaplain of the National Variety Artists
LOWANDE, ALEXANDER G. (1876-1958) Born Frankfort, PA, son of Virginia Guerin and Alexander, Sr. Named Alex., Jr., but adopted Guerin for middle name after father’s death, 1882. Brother of Cecil and Julia (Shipp) and half brother of Martinho, Clarinda, Aberlardo, Natalio, and Guilamena. Married Carrie Kemp, 1899. Principal somersault rider and clown hurdle mule rider; later became a dog trainer, knock-about clown, bounding rope acrobat and gymnast, and equestrian director. Hamilton & Sargeant, 1879; Lowande’s Brazilian Circus, 1889; F. J. Taylor’s, 1893; Tony Lowande’s, Cuba, 1894-95; Great Exposition, 1895; Cooper & Co., 1898; Shipp’s, winter 1898-99; Ringling Bros.’, 1901; Shipp’s, 1901; Campbell Bros.’, 1901; Great Wallace, 1902; Gollmar Bros.’, 1903-05; Frank A. Robbins, 1906; Forepaugh-Sells, 1907; Barnum & Bailey, 1908; Sells-Floto, 1911-15; Coop & Lent, 1917; Lowande & Gardner, 1921; R. M. Chambers’, 1925; Dorsey Bros.’, 1928; Campbell Bros.’, 1929; Cole Bros.’, 1930; Clyde Beatty & Russell Bros.’, 1944. Died, Los Angeles, buried in Rose Hill Cemetery, Petersburg, IL.
LOWANDE, ALEXANDER, SR. (1798?-December 19, 1880) The first of the famous family to be born in the United States. Married 3 times. Children from his 2nd and 3rd marriages were riders. From the 2nd were Clarinda, Martinho, Abelardo, Natalio, and Guilamena (the last of this group marrying Menolo Gomez, a wealthy Cuban, and never coming to the United States). Children of the 3rd marriage, the one to Virginia Guerin (1845-1903), were Romeo (who died at age 4), Julia, Alexander, Jr., and Cecil. Alexander died in Puerto Principe, Cuba; buried with Masonic honors in a local cemetery; survived by his wife and children.
LOWANDE, ANTHONY [“Tony”]. (1869-1937) Eldest of Martinho’s children, cousin of Julia Lowande, husband of Agnes Lowande. Rode in a carrying act with his father as “La Petit Tony” until he was about 8 years of age. 1887, did a somersault pad act and 4 and 6-horse riding acts similar to those made famous by his father. Last mention, principal somersault rider, J. H. La Pearl’s, 1899, also served as equestrian director. Was actively engaged in the management of his various circus enterprises in Central and South America until the time of his death in Sao Paulo, Brazil. At which time was leasing animal displays to the leading circuses of South America. Said to be the first man to do somersaults and jumps from the ground to a ring horses back wearing a tuxedo, Walter L. Main’s, 1891. L. B. Lent’s, 1870, 1874 (infant, performed with his father in a carrying act); Don Philip Carforlena’s Spanish Circus, 1873; Great New York, 1874; P. T. Barnum’s, 1875-77; Montgomery Queen’s, 1876; Lowande’s, 1877; Cooper, Bailey & Co., Australia and New Zealand, 1878; Lowande’s, 1881, 1883; O’Brien, Handenberger, Astley & Lowanda, 1884; Pubillones’, Havana, winter 1884-85; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1884-85, 1892-93, 1895, winter 1895-96, 1896-97; Mexican Pavilion Co., 1886; Frank A. Robbins’, 1887-88; bareback rider, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1889; Walter L. Main’s, 1891, 1893, 1896; James Donovan’s, Bermuda, winter 1891-92; bareback, 4-horse rider, Scribner & Smith, 1894; Tony Lowande’s, Havana, winter 1893-94, 1894-95 (two companies in Cuba, winter 1894-95); equestrian director, LaPearl’s, 1899; Lowande & Maginley, Circo Braseliano, West Indies and Cuba, winter 1899-1900 (E. C. Maginley sold his interest to Lowande, February 1900); Tony Lowande’s, 1900-22.
LOWANDE, CECIL. (1877-1940) Younger brother of Alexander G. and Julia Lowande Shipp. Began as a hurdle rider on the hippodonie track and a principal act rider. Wife, Nellie Ryland, was the daughter of Elena Jeal and niece of Linda Jeal. Marriage produced twin boys. Edward Shipp’s Winter Circus, Petersburg, IL, 1893-94, 1894-95, 1895-96, 1897-98, 1898-99, 1899-1900; Milwaukee Mid-Winter Circus, 1894-95; Ringling Bros.’, 1897, 1899; John Robinson’s, 1898; principal and hurdle rider, Walter L. Main’s, 1901; Forepaugh-Sells, 1903; Lowande Bros.’, 1904; Shipp’s, 1905; Campbell Bros.’, 1905-06, 1909-10; Sells-Floto, 1908; Gollmar Bros.’, 1910; Howes Great London, 1911, 1914-16; John Robinson’s, 1917-21; Hagenbeck-Wallace, 1922-24; Sells-Floto, 1927-28; Downie Bros.’, 1929; Shipp’s, Trinidad, 1930.
LOWANDE, CLARINDA. (b. 1852) Principal pad and bareback act. Born in Brazil, the daughter of Alexander and Linda Jeal. The marriage produced twin boys. Appeared with her family in a series of balancing feats, 1869; became a notable equestrienne and by 1877 was called the peerless “Queen of the Arena.” Married Harry Lamkin, leaper, tumbler and equilibrist, 1879. They had two sons, Harry, Jr. and Clarence. For a number of years appeared with her half sister, Julia, with hurdle rider Ed Shipp and with her son, Harry Lamkin, Jr., on a number of shows. John O’Brien’s, 1873; principal equestrienne, VanAmburgh & Co., 1876; Great International, Offenbach Garden, Philadelphia, winter 1876-77; VanAmburgh & Co., 1877, 1880; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1881; Big U. S. Circus, 1882; bareback rider, Cooper, Jackson & Co., 1883; Ed Sbipp’s Mid-winter Circus, Petersburg, IL, 1884; Older, Crane & Co., 1884; Lamkin & Shipp, Panama and San Jose, 1885; Gardner, Lamkin & Donovan, Trinidad and Panama, 1885-1886; Roberts & Gardner, 1886; Gardner & Donovan, South America, 1886; Stow, Long & Gumble, 1889; George W. Richards’, winter 1889-90; principal riding act, Gollmar Bros.’, 1892. Husband died at Colon, Panama, of yellow fever, February 25, 1886. After Lamkin’s death, married Joseph Parson in the arena of Ringling Bros.’ at Praire du Chien, WI. Continued performing intermittently with Julia and her husband Ed Shipp. After maintaining a home in Petersburg for some time, her last years were spent in Chicago with son, Clarence.
LOWANDE FAMILY. Lowande family spanned over a half century in the performing of principal and somersault and hurdle riding acts. Starting with 1867, Lowandes appeared before the public for almost 7 decades. We are indebted to John Daniel Draper for his extensive study of them. It has been said that in 1867 Alexander Lowande, the 4th person with this name, traveled from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Kingston, Jamaica with a Lowande Circus. The show had arrived in Havana by July 20th and opened in Nassau in December of that year. The roster included Lowande’s daughter, Clarinda, and his sons Martinho, Natalio and Abelardo. The family were with the Castello, Nixon & Howes circus that made the transcontinental tour to California in 1869. All of them were trick or scenic riders; young Aberlardo also did vaulting and leaping.
LOWANDE, JOHN. Dan Rice’s, 1873.
LOWANDE, JOSEPHINE. (1864-1929) Wife of Aberlardo Lowande. Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1880-81; Pubillones’, Havana, winter 1884-85; Dockrill’s, Panama, winter 1886-87; in charge of reserve seats, LaPearl’s, 1899; equestrienne, Tony Lowande’s, Cuba, 1900-02. See Aberlardo Lowande.
LOWANDE, JULIA [Mrs. Edward Shipp]. (1870-1961) Sister of Abelardo, Martinho, Clarinda, Cecil and Alexander G. Lowande, and daughter of Virginia Lowande. Principal bareback rider, revolving globe performer. Began at age of 6 and performed regularly on various shows until at least 1910. Married Edward C. Shipp, jockey and hurdle rider, February 21, 1889, Philadelphia. Lowande’s Great Brazilian Circus, 1877; New York Circus (Hamilton & Sargeant), 1879; Ryan & Robinson, 1882; Martinho Lowande’s, 1883. Accompanied by her mother, Virginia, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1884 [D. W. Watt: “They were two of the nicest people that I ever knew around the show. As soon as Julia’s riding act was over in the afternoon you could always find her in the ladies’ dressing room either making something that added to her wardrobe or her street clothes.”]. Older, Crane & Co., 1884; Frank A. Robbins’, 1885; Lamkin & Shipp, 1885; John O’Brien’s, 1885; Roberts & Gardner, 1886; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1887-89; Frank Huffman’s (Lynton Bros.), 1887; Ringling Bros.’, 1890, 1895, 1897, 1902; Sturtevant & Holland, 1891; Shipp & Ashton, 1891; W. B. Reynolds’, 1892; principal equestrienne, Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1892-93; Shipp’s Winter Circus, 1893; F. J. Taylor’s, 1893; Shipp’s Winter Circus, Petersburg, IL, 1889-99; Milwaukee Mid-Winter Circus, 1894-95; Shipp’s, 1896; Ringling Bros.’, 1897, 1899; John Robinson’s, 1898; Shipp’s Indoor Circus, 1903-04; Shipp’s’, winter 1898-99; Forepaugh-Sells, 1903, 1905, 1907; Carl Hagenbeck’s, 1906; Shipp’s, 1906; Barnum & Bailey, 1908, 1910; Shipp’s, Panama, Puerto Rico & Jamaica, winter 1908.
LOWANDE, MARIETTA. (1871-1962) Hurdle rider. Born in Frankfort, PA, daughter of Amelia Guerin and Martinho Lowande, Sr.; sister of Tony, Alexander A., Oscar, Sr., Martinho, Jr. and half sister to Rossina. Married John Correia, cloud swing specialist, October 27, 1888. 3 of their children - John Jr., Edward, and Amelia - were good riders. John died, July 4, 1907. Marietta died in NYC. Both are buried in Rose Hill Cemetery, Petersburg, IL. Mexican Pavilion Co., 1886; Lowande & Hoffman Mexican Pavilion Circus, 1887; Walter L. Main’s, 1889-96, Forepaugh-Sells, 1899-1901, 1904, 1906, 1911. Marietta did a carrying act with her daughter Amelia, Gollmar Bros.’, 1910; Forepaugh-Sells, 1911, rode a double jockey act with John, Jr., and principal bare-back act; Gollmar Bros.’, 1913, with Amelia, listed as the Correia Sisters, Spanish equestriennes; performed in Cuba, Central and South America - Martinho Lowande’s, 1877, 1881, 188788; James Donovan & Co., 1890; Tony Lowande’s, 1893-94, 1902.
LOWANDE, MARTINHO, JR. (d. 1931) As a child performer with his father, early career closely paralleled that of his brother Tony, from 1874 until about 1890. L. B. Lent’s, 1874; Cooper, Bailey and Co., Australia and New Zealand, 1877-78; Lowande’s Brazilian Circus, 1883-89; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, 1885; John E. Heffron’s Great Eastern, 1889; James Donovan & Co., South America, 1890. Bareback riding included pirouettes and backward and forward somersaults; also presented a trick pony and a riding dog. Tony Lowande’s, Cuba, performed a 2-horse carrying act and a 4-horse riding act in addition to his somersault riding, 1895. Abroad, 1898, a long season with Newsom’s, England, before opening with J. H. Cook, Scotland. Walter L. Main’s, 1899; Tony Lowande’s, 1901, Havana, as principal bareback somersault rider; Forepaugh-Sells, 1902-03, 1905-07; Martinho Lowande, Jr. Circus, 1919, West Indies, Central and South America, then back to Puerto Rica and Cuba; clown, Golden Bros.’, 1923; Al G. Barnes’, 1925-31. While with Al G. Barnes, 1931, died of plural pneumonia, Sacramento, California, May 16.
LOWANDE, MARTINHO, SR. (1839-1927) Brazilian 4-horse rider and bareback carrying act, a member of the Lowande family of performers, dubbed “The Hurricane Horseman” by press agent Charles Castle. Father of Oscar Lowande, brother of Clarinda, Julia, Aberlardo, Cecil and Alexander G. Lowande. His first wife, the former Amelia Guerin, daughter of circus man Emillo Guerin, a sister of Alexander, Sr.’s third wife, Virginia Guerin, died in Havana, September 26, 1881. 5 children from this marriage became riders - Martinlo, Jr., Marietta, Anthony (Tony), Alexander A. and Oscar, Sr. Had a long career, extending to at least 1920. Was somersaulting over 9 horses, 1869; by 1873, brought his infant son, Tony, into his carrying act; became legendary with his original 4 and 7-horse acts, styled as the “Flight of Whirlwind” as he rode 7 horses all at the same time. Second wife, Rosina, performed in a double equestrian act and was a hurdle rider, also an artist on the slack wire and trapeze. The couple were divorced, 1889. Castello, Nixon & Howes, 1869; VanAmburgh, Siegrist & Lowande, 1870; leap on horseback through a hoop of daggers, VanAmburgh & Co., 1871; John O’Brien’s, 1872-73; Gran Circo Espanol de Castorienas & Co., 1873; somersault rider, L. B. Lent’s, 1874 (appearing with infant son Tony in a carrying act); Lowande’s Brazilian Circus, 1874, 1877; P. T. Barnum’s, 1875-76; New National Theatre, Philadelphia, winter 1876-77; Dr. James L. Thayer’s, 1877; Cooper, Bailey & Co., Australian tour, 1877-78; Martinho Lowande’s Circus, Cuba, 1880; Martinho Lowande’s Brazilian Circus, 1881; Hudson & Castello, 1881; equestrian director, O’Brien, Handenberger, Astley & Lowanda, 1884; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1884-85; Mexican Pavilion Co., 1886; 6-horse rider, Lowande & Hoffman Mexican Pavilion Circus, 1887; Lowande’s Winter Circus, 1889-90; Bentley’s Old Fashioned, 1895; Frank A. Gardner’s, South America, 1897; Forepaugh-Sells, 1902-03; Walter L. Main’s, 1904.
LOWNANDE, MAZIE. Scribner & Smith (Sam A. Scribner, Neil Smith, proprietors), 1895.
LOWANDE, NAPIER. Tumbler and leaper, P. T. Barnum’s, 1879.
LOWANDE, NATALIO. Brother of Clarinda and Martinho, Jr., had an active circus performing career from at least 1869 until about 1895. Through 1877, appeared with his father and other family members on various circuses. After the dissolution of Alexander Lowande’s Great Brazilian Circus, 1877, went to VanAmburgh & Co., 1877; John H. Murray’s, West Indies, winter 1878-79; Hamilton & Sargeant’s, 1879; Cooper & Jackson, 1880; Barnum & Bailey, 1882-87, 1889; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1882-83, 1883-84, 1884-85, 1885-86; Ringling Bros.’, 1895; Gran Circo Pubillones, 1888-89, 1893. Began as a trick and scenic rider; 1871, became a somersault rider and specialized in slight of hand, juggling, tumbling, gymnastics and trapeze, high ladders and acrobatics. After the death of W. O’Dale Stevens, became the second husband of Linda Jeal, October, 17, 1885; but by January, 1886, the couple had separated and were divorced the following May 19.
LOWANDE, OSCAR. (1877-1956) Born in Frankford, PA, the son of Martinho Lowande and Amelia Guerin. Started appearing in circus at age 4 with father. Traveled and performed in his circus, South America, Cuba, West Indies, and Panama. Married equestrienne performer Mary Louise (Maymie) Galvin on Forepaugh-Sells, 1898. Their 2 children, Oscar, Jr. and Elsie Mae became riders. [J. D. Draper: “Oscar was perhaps the most remarkable member of the great Lowande family. He was a prominent equestrian performer who pioneered in the more intricate styles of somersault and jockey riding.”] Beginning in 1881, had a long circus career of 72 years. Sometimes referred to as the “Star of the Southern Hemisphere.” Became a bareback somersault rider of excellence, reputedly being the first, at least in public, to perform a horse to horse somersault on two bare-back horses running in tandem, accomplished, 1902, Forepaugh-Sells, Madison Square Garden, NYC. Principal rider and 4-horse rider, Sanger & Lent, 1896; Great Wallace, 1897-98; Forepaugh-Sells, 1899-1907; Boston Hippodrome Circus, 1908; operated the Oscar Lowande Bay States Circus, summer 1908; Forepaugh-Sells, 1910; Sig. Sautelle’s, 1911-14, 1919; Hagenbeck-Wallace, 1915-16, 1918; Sautelle & Lowande, 1917; Lowande’s, South America, 1920; Lowande Bros.’, Cuba, 1926. Residence at Reading, Massachusetts, where he maintained a ring barn as early as 1906. By 1935, took up clowning, which he did for the next 18 years—Bob Morton’s, Al G. Barnes’, James Bell’s, all in 1936; Barnes-Carruthers’, 1941; Walter L. Main’s, 1941; Charles Hunt’s, 1944; Sparks’, 1946; Orrin Davenport’s, 1950; Aladdin Shrine Circus, Columbus, OH, 1952. Retired, 1953.
LOWANDE, ROSINA. Carrying act rider, Mexican Pavilion Co., 1886; “Little Rosina,” Lowande & Hoffman Mexican Pavilion Circus, 1887; Walter L. Main’s, 1888.
LOWANDE, VIRGINIA. With Martinho Lowande’s, Cuba, 1880.
LOWANDE, WILLIAM. Principal bareback somersault and jockey rider, a standing race rider and a hippodrome rider. Career extended from 1877 until 1905. 2-horse rider, Lowande’s Great Brazilian Circus, 1877; Thayer & Noyes, 1877; Lowande’s Brazilian Circus, 1879, 1883; Martinho Lowande’s, Cuba, 1880; somersaulter, O’Brien, Handenberger, Astley & Lowanda, 1884; somersault rider, Lowande & Hoffman Mexican Pavilion Circus, 1887; Lowande’s Brazilian Circus, 1889; James Donovan & Co., 1890; Walter L. Main’s, 1891, 1892-94; principal bareback somersault and 4-horse rider, Cole & Lockwood, 1894; Scribner & Smith, 1895; equestrian director, Price & James, 1897; Forepaugh-Sells, 1898; principal somersault and 4-horse act, Stevens & Smith’s, 1898; Hartzell’s, 1899.
LOWERY, CHARLES H. See Charles H. Lowry.
LOWERY, GEORGE B. Clown, Welsh Bros.’, 1896-98.
LOWERY, P. G. Born in Kentucky, came to Kansas about 1880; became the first African-American to graduate from the New England Conservatory of Music; played cornet and directed a number of bands after graduation; reputation as a musician and director was firmly established by the end of World War I; when fellow Kansan Merle Evans became director of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus Band, he recruited Lowery to direct the sideshow band. Lowery led this band until 1931. Evans tried several times to transfer Lowery to the big-top band, but circus management was unwilling to challenge the dictates of segregation. Lowery toured with several other circuses before his death in Cleveland, Ohio.
LOWLOW, JOHN. (August 9, 1841-October 18, 1910) Clown, acrobat. Born in Atlanta, GA. Ran away from home at 16 years of age when his father, a schooner captain, was lost at sea. Entered the circus profession as a candy butcher with John Robinson’s and spent his career on the show, working for “Uncle John,” his sons and his grandsons. Robinson & Lake as early as 1858. An accident forced retirement as an acrobat, so he took to clowning and was an instantaneous success, becoming one of the last of old school talking jesters, particularly popular in the South. On making an entrance into the arena, his familiar shout was “Bring in another horse!” From 1886 through 1893, was Robinson’s equestrian director as well. In later years, worked as a press representative for the show. A last reference listed him in charge of the front door, John Robinson’s (John G. Robinson, proprietor), 1900. May have worked with a partner named Johnson in a balancing act, G. M. Eldred & Co., 1859. Lake & Co.’s Circus (Lake and Norton, proprietors), 1863-65; Lake’s Hippolympiad, 1866; Yankee Robinson’s, Chicago, fall 1866; John Robinson’s, 1868; P. T. Barnum’s, 1876; Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879; Tucker’s Giant Shows, 1895; equestrian director, Walter L. Main’s, 1896. His savings over the years was vastly depleted by unfortunate speculation. Died at age 69.
LOWRY, CHARLES H. [or Lowery]. (d. December 16, 1917) Bareback, scenic and somersault rider. Stone, Rosston & Co., 1865-66; Lipman & Stokes, 1866; S. O. Wheeler’s, 1867; Dr. James L. Thayer’s, 1869; hurdle rider, George W. DeHaven’s, 1870; Lake’s Hippo-Olympiad, winter 1870-71; hurdle rider, VanAmburgh & Co., 1871, 1882-83; Great Eastern, 1872-74; Cameron’s, 1875; hurdle rider, John H. Murray’s, 1877; D. W. Stone’s, 1878; hurdle rider, Great Chicago, 1879; equestrian director, Silas Dutton’s Southern, winter 1879-80; S. Dutton’s Southern, 1880; Frank A. Robbins’, 1885; Great European, Cosmopolitan Rink, Broadway & 41st Street, NYC, winter 1885-86; W. W. Cole’s, 1886; hurdle rider, Doris & Colvin, 1887; James T. Johnson’s, 1888; hotel agent, Frank A. Robbins’, 1890; Indian and jockey act, Leon W. Washburn’s, 1893-95. Died at his home in Freeport, LI, age 54.
LOWRY, LINDA. Hurdle rider, slack-wire and globe performer, the Crystal Palace Show, 1872.
LOWRY, ROBERT. (d. 1840) Acrobat. Said to have done the first “Lion’s Leap” over 3 horses, alighting on his hands, then attaining an upright position, 1834. Vaulter and clown, J. Purdy Brown’s, 1826, 1833 (where he somersaulted over 10 horses); vaulter, Edward Eldred’s, 1834; Brown & Co., 1836-37; vaulter, Frost & Co., 1837; clown, A. Hunt & Co., 1838. Died of consumption in New Orleans.
LOWRY SISTERS. Equestriennes, Oriental Circus, 1870; Jeal & Co., California, 1871.
LOWRY, WILLIAM. Master of horse, G. G. Grady’s, 1871-72.
LOYAL FAMILY [6 in number]. Aerialists, LaPearl’s, 1899.
LOYAL, GEORGE. Athlete and gymnast, proprietor, and human projectile. Adam Forepaugh’s, 1871; Loyal’s Australian Combination, South America, 1879; Orrin Bros.’, Metropolitan Theatre, Havana, winter 1879-80; Mexico, winter 1880-81; human cannon ball, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1880-81; Great Australian Circus, National Theatre, Philadelphia, winter 1881-82; W. C. Coup, 1882; Cantellis & Leon, Havana, winter 1882-83. The act consisted of being shot from a cannon and caught in flight by Millie Zuila, who hung suspended from a trapeze; finished the act by a “Dive for Life” from the top of the tent. Another feat was catching a cannon ball fired from an ordinary field piece. [Day: “Loyal is both a producer and a hustler and his wife is one of the smartest and bravest little women who ever put on tights or attempted feats of skill and daring. Their engagements with Forepaugh were very successful and they filled several winters to advantage in Cuba and Mexico. The Loyals have traveled almost all over the world and speak numerous languages. They have seen life in all kinds of climates and braved epidemics and revolutions in the outlandish parts of the earth. They have acted at the theatre in times of yellow fever, cholera, and plagues; undertook long and perilous voyages; experimented in the performance of difficult and dangerous feats; and succeed where others have failed. George Loyal was one of the few to make any money out of the cannon act. As the human cannonball, he was a success. Farini tried to monopolize the act but his bluffs did not go and Loyal did the act in spite of his teeth.”]
LOYAL, LITTLE JENNIE. Rider, with Howes & Cushing, 1875.
LOYAL, THEODORE. Trapeze, P. T. Barnum’s, 1874; somersault and jockey rider, Howes & Cushing, 1875.
LOYAL, TILLIE. Equestrienne, Howes & Cushing, 1875.
LOYALLE, MLLE. EMELINE. See Emma Lake.
LUANDO, JOHN C. (1853-March 24, 1885) Acrobat, a first class leaper, tumbler, double-bar performer, and hurdle rider. For a time doubled with William H. Young as the Luando Brothers. Charles Bartine & Co., 1872; Great Universal Fair, 1877; Dan Rice’s, 1873, 1877; Ed G. Basye’s, 1878-79. Also with VanAmburgh & Co., Sells Bros.’, Miles Orton’s, P. T. Barnum’s, and last worked with Wallace & Co., 1884-85. Died of consumption in Connersville, IN.
LUANDO, GUSSIE. Manège rider, Great Universal Fair, 1877; Dan Rice’s, 1877; Ed G. Basye’s, 1878-79; Wallace & Co., 1884. Was probably the wife of John C. Luando.
LUBIN, MOLLIE VIVIENNE [r. n. Frankie Watts]. “The Water Queen.” Howes’ Great London, 1878. Performed an act of eating, drinking, and sewing while under water. Married James L. Hutchinson in NYC, March 25, 1880.
LUCCA, PAULINE. Female lion tamer, James E. Cooper’s, 1872-74. Was married to animal handler Felix MacDonald.
LUCHACK, L. J. L. J. Luchack’s New London Railroad Shows, 1889.
LUCIFER, WILLIAM. Performed as Hardella Brothers (with Hardy Bale and William McCall), DeBonnaire’s Great Persian Exposition, 1883, 1885; Walter L. Main’s, 1886.
LUDINGTON, H. Connected with circus and menageries in the 1830s under the various names of Bailey, Ludington & Smith; Ludington, Smith & Co.; H. Ludington & Co.’s Zoological and Ornithological Exhibition.
LUDLEY, ROBERT. Mabie’s, 1860.
LUDOVIC BROTHERS. Gymnasts, Warner & Henderson, 1874.
LUDWIG, HERMAN. Band leader. VanAmburgh & Co., 1856-59; Robinson & Lake, 1859-61, 1863; cornet band, Robinson & Deery, 1864.
LUDWIG, G. Band leader, John O’Brien’s, 1872.
LUKE, DAN. Ethiopian and Irish comedian, Palace of Wonders (Bunnell sideshow), and Zoological lecturer, P. T. Barnum, 1876-80.
LULU. Catapult and straight up jump, “The Man Bird.” Trained and managed by George Farini. Originally performed in woman’s attire. Success brought sound-alikes - Lala, Lolo, Lola, Lilla. First appeared under that name at a private performance, Royal Cremorne Music Hall, London, 1871. Described as above average in height, firmly built, muscular, good looking, modest in appearance, with a profusion of light hair. USA debut, Niblo’s Garden, NYC, April 28, 1873. W. C. Coup’s, 1881; Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881-82. He and his wife sailed for England, December 16, 1883, taking with his his 10 bronco horses and the leaping horse, Nettle, formerly owned by W. C. Coup, to be exhibited in London and Paris; W. C. Coup’s, 1887.
LUM, FRANK. Bunnell’s Minstrels, R. Sands’, 1863.
LUNDGREEN, GEORGE. Triple-change artist on slack-wire, Lowande & Hoffman, 1887; John Robinson’s, 1889-90.
LUNDZ, WILLIAM. Contracting agent, the Great National, 1874.
LUPROIL, GEORGE [D. A. Forbes]. (d. July 7, 1888) Dore & Reddick’s.
LUSBIE, BEN. (October 16, 1839-July 8, 1884) Treasurer Born in NYC. Original vocation was telegrapher in the service of the Erie Railroad. First started selling tickets at the old Burton’s Theatre, NYC. 1861, employed by Barnum’s museum where for many years he sold tickets and where he acquired a reputation as “The Lightning Ticket Seller.” Capacity for work was prodigious; could sell more tickets than 2 men. Short in stature and lean in figure, had a copious vocabulary and an irascible temper. General ticket agent, Gardner & Forepaugh (Dan Gardner, John Forepaugh, proprietors), 1870; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1871; P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-73; 1874, joined Adam Forepaugh’s and remained in his employ until 1883. In addition to ticket selling with Forepaugh, was treasurer and bookkeeper. Ill health made it impossible for him to continue the 1884 season. [D. W. Watt: “Ben was an all around good fellow and, was the only man around the show from Adam Forepaugh that cut any particular figure. Everything in the way of the finances, both winter and summer, had been left for years to Ben Lusbie…. Ben Lusbie was a good fellow, made a world of money in show business and as it came easy, it went easy.”] Lusbie, who made his home in Philadelphia suffered from tuberculosis. Was eventually sent to the hospital and the people with the show not only paid all his hospital expenses, but raised something like $400 for a monument for the man who had been their friend for so many years. Was taken back to Newark, OH, where his sister, the only relative he had, resided and the town in which he spent his boyhood days. Long hours and hard work in the business told on him and he died when he was 40 years of age in poverty in Columbus, OH. [Charles H. Day: “What a pity that poor Ben’s last days were spent in harrowing poverty. Many was the dollar that he gave in charity. Through life he valued money as chaff.”]
LUTHER, GENE. Band leader, Campbell’s, 1878.
LYDE, A. W. Agent. Robinson & Eldred, 1852; Mann & Moore, 1853.
LYKE, JOHN. Treasurer. VanAmburgh & Co., 1869-71; Howes’ London, 1874-75.
LYMING, A. F. [or Liming]. Trick clown and wire walker. June & Turner, 1846; E. F. Mabie & Co., 1847; Rockwell’s, December 1847; Rockwell & Co., 1848; Eagle Circus, winter 1848; Star Circus, winter 1848; Stokes’, 1849; clown, Crane & Co., 1850; J. M. June & Co., 1851-52; Joe Pentland’s (Fisher & Lyming), 1854; Ballard & Bailey, 1855; Sands, Nathans, 1857.
LYNCH, DENNY. Boss candy butcher, John Robinson’s, 1890-93.
LYNCH, FRANK. Banjoist, Horner & Bell, 1865.
LYNCH, GEORGE. Canvasman, P. T. Barnum’s, 1873. Run over by a stake wagon and killed, August 10.
LYNCH, TOM. (March 4, 1856-May 5, 1938) Trainer and 40-horse driver. Born at Carleton Place, Ontario, Canada. At age 15 ran away from home to work for a stableman in Ottawa; pursued by his father, boarded a train and headed for the United States and reached Philadelphia. First job, assistant hostler, Rice, Ryan & Spalding, 1873. P. T. Barnum’s, 1874; Melville, McGinley & Cook, 1875; Great London, 1876-79; Barnum & Bailey, and Ringling Bros.’ until his retirement, 1936, with 34 years as superintendent of baggage stock. Drove the 40-horse hitch. [New York Herald Tribune: “His horse sense was uncanny, and even when he was in his seventies, the wagons rolled with smooth celerity, whatever the weather, as Tom Lynch prowled from one trouble spot to another about the lot.”] Died, Bridgeport, CT, age 82. Member of the Elks, Odd Fellows, Eagles and Moose. Wife’s name Rebecca, non-professional.
LYON, JOHN. Writer, Hemmings, Cooper & Whitby, 1868.
LYON, MRS. BERTHA. (d. September 10, 1880) Bearded lady. P. T. Barnum’s, Adam Forepaugh’s and other circuses. Died in Syracuse. NY.
LYON, REBECCA. Bearded lady, Dr. James L. Thayer’s, 1870. May be same as above.
LYONS. Juggler, Brown & Mills, 1838; tumbler, plate balancer, dancer, Waterman & Co., 1838.
LYONS, D. R. See D. R. Lines.
LYONS, H. P. Agent, Cooper, Bailey & Co., Australian tour, 1877.
LYONS, PETER. Chief billposter, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884.
LYTTLE, W. M. “MACK.” (b. March 9, 1855) Born in Madison, WI, and grew up in Jackson Center, PA. As a boy worked on farms, then became a coal miner, and at 17 began to learn the trade of blacksmith and wagon maker in Youngstown, OH. Went to Topeka, KA, 1878, and by 1884 was a partner in the firm of Huffman & Lyttle, blacksmiths. By 1889, had become sole owner of the Capital Carriage Works there. 1890, was co-partner and treasurer with Fulford & Co.’s Great United London Shows, probably consisting of the 21 wagons built and painted in his establishment; show was on the road only one season.
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