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Olympians of the Sawdust Circle
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Olympians of the Sawdust Circle: A biographical dictionary of the ninteenth century American circus

Compiled and Edited by William L. Slout
Copyright © 2005 by William L. Slout. All rights reserved.

MIACO, ALFRED F. [r. n. Alfred Frisbie]. (d. July 21, 1923) Acrobat. Ran away from his home in Courtland, NY, at age 9 and joined the Yankee Robinson Circus; there, learned to be a contortionist; later graduated into pantomime as a pupil of Tony Denier. Partner of Thomas E. Miaco; the two joined forces at Fox’s Casino, Philadelphia; followed by a lengthy engagement at the museum, Baltimore, and the Canterbury, Washington, DC. Fall 1865, made an appearance at Hone’s Old Theatre, NYC, under the management of Tony Pastor and Sam Sharpley; 1865, James M. Nixon engaged them for a tour of Texas, but the boat sank en route. Thayer & Noyes, 1866; later, George F. Bailey’s for a season, followed by a tour with Haight & Chambers along the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, and subsequently with the C. T. Ames’. The team broke up in 1868. Married trapeze performer Laura Smith of New Orleans, daughter of the proprietor of the Crescent City Circus, 1867, on board the steamboat belonging to Haight & Chambers. Also with H. M. Smith’s, 1870; clown and gymnast, Haight’s Great Eastern, 1874; Cameron’s, 1875; clown, P. T. Barnum’s, 1877, 1879; John H. Murray’s, 1881; Walter L. Main’s, 1896-97; conductor of spectacle and pantomime, Frank A. Robbins’, 1897; Ringling Bros.’, 1899-1911. His son, a clown, was at one time connected with Walter L. Main’s, 1896, and Barnum & Bailey, 1911. His pantomimic makeup and costume was said to be beyond compare. Never over-played his act. An excellent burlesquer. At one time a star equestrienne refused to go into the ring, claiming his comical take-off on her act distracted the audience. Never used props, only a foot-long tin whistle. Suffered a stroke, 1921, which forced him to retire. Died in New York City, age 79. Appeared in 55 circuses over a period of 30 years.

MIACO BROTHERS [Thomas, William]. Haight & Co., winter 1871-72; Great Eastern, 1873; P. T. Barnum’s, 1877-79; Nathans & Co.’s, 1882.

MIACO, CLIFTON. Horizontal bar act, Montgomery Queen’s, 1875.

MIACO, JENNIE. (1856?-August 15, 1892) General performer. Wife of Thomas E. Miaco. Began as a variety performer at the age of 15, Olympic Theatre, Boston, under the management of William Campbell, with a song and dance and rope skipping act. After marrying Miaco, 1873, while with Adam Forepaugh’s, performed with circuses a number of years before her husband Manège and danseuse, Lowande’s Great Brazilian, 1877; Great Chicago, 1879; took out a pantomime company. Died in Medina, NY, age 36. Had been in retirement about 6 years before her death.

MIACO, STEVE. Walter L. Main’s, 1896.

MIACO, THOMAS E. [r. n. Eastlake]. (September 14, 1841-May 31, 1900) Acrobat. Born in Lyons, NY. As a child was an adept tumbler, so at about 9 years of age his parents were induced to allow him to travel with Henry Madigan’s, with whom he remained for 7 years. Joined Harry Whitby’s, late 1850s; followed by engagements with A. P. Ball’s Coliseum, Judge Ingalls’ Museum and Fox’s Casino, both in Philadelphia. At the latter, united with Alfred F. Miaco and the men performed as a team, going to Baltimore for a long engagement at the museum, then to the Canterbury, Washington, DC. Fall, 1865, made an appearance at Hone’s Old Theatre, NYC, under the management of Tony Pastor and Sam Sharpley, and immediately accepted an offer by James M. Nixon to join his circus in a tour of Texas. Later the Miaco’s were with George F. Bailey’s for a season; then Haight & Chambers, touring the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers; and subsequently with C. T. Ames’. The team broke up, winter 1868. Thomas then joined with David R. Hawley. Courtney & Sanford, traveling through Mexico, 1869-70; Castello & Coup, touring the Great Lakes, 1870. Team separated, 1871. Miaco joined P. T. Barnum’s, 1871. 1872, Hawley returned to the act. The two were with Adam Forepaugh’s, 1873-74, after which they permanently split up. Montgomery Queen’s, 1875; Dr. James L. Thayer’s, 1877; clown, Lowande’s Great Brazilian, 1877; Nathans & Co., 1883. Joined with Samuel Hindes, formerly with the La Marko Brothers, and went to the West Coast with Montgomery Queen’s, with whom he made his last appearances as acrobat and clown. Giving up the circus, put his energies to the management of theatrical enterprises. Died in NYC of complications from a fall down a flight of stairs.

MIACO, WILLIAM [r. n. William Carroll]. Gymnast. As one of the Miaco Brothers, Haight’s Great Eastern, 1874. Separated from the partnership, 1879, and formed another with J. H. Jeffrey.

MICARDO, ALPHONZE. Trainer and rider of buffalo and bison, DeMott & Ward, 1868.

MICITH, SIGNOR. Acrobat, Slaymaker & Nichols, 1864.

MIDDLETON, CHARLES. Greco-Roman wrestler, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881.

MIDDLETON, GEORGE. (d. February 15, 1926) Father was James Haslam Middleton, an employee at the Charleston Naval Yard, Boston. The family later moved to Madison, IN. Saw action in the Civil War with the 38th Indiana Regiment; captured and later sent to Libby and later Belle Isle prisons. Following the war tried various occupations - worked on a wharf boat, Vevay, IN, for a year; opened a cigar store in Madison; was an agent for Grover & Baker Sewing Machine Co. in a Southern Indiana and Northern Kentucky territory; managed a hotel in Edinburg, IN. Married Kate Rea shortly after the war, a union which lasted 18 years before ending. Entered into the circus business with the purchase of a half-interest in the John Fulton sideshow with Hemmings, Cooper & Whitby; winter 1870-71, owned the concert with Mrs. Lake’s’; following year, ran both the concert and the candy stands with it; partner with James A. Bailey in privileges of the Cooper circus, 1872; owned the privileges for Cooper & Bailey, 1873; candy stands, Great Eastern, winter 1873; manager, Haight’s Great Southern, 1874; privileges, (with William H. Gardner), Cooper & Bailey, 1875-76, visiting Australia, the East Indies and South America, 1876; manager, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1877 [Mark St. Leon: “The sideshow and concert were crowded daily and Middleton amassed a small forture and within a few months of the first Australian tour he could afford to retire.”]; sideshow and candy stand privileges, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1879; manager, Aquarium, Coney Island, 1881; interest in W. C. Coup’s enterprise, 1881. Later, was the successful proprietor of Middleton’s Museum, 298 Bowery, NYC. Formed a partnerhip with C. E. Kohl, 1884, and opened a museum in Chicago, Clark Street near Madison. At one time Middleton and Kohl had 8 museums operating in the Midwest. In later years owned a number of Chicago theatres, including the Majestic, Olympic, Haymarket, and Chicago Opera House. Kohl and Middleton were the first to introduce continuous vaudeville to Chicago. 1898, Middleton’s wife shot and wounded one of his chorus girls. After enjoyed success, gave a Civil War monument to Jefferson County, IN, which was erected at Madison. Settled in Pasadena, CA, around 1916, in retirement, where he died. Researcher note: The description says that he served in the 38th Indiana during the war, but this is incorrect. I searched my 38th Indiana regimental roster and there is no George Middleton listed. I noticed that the write-up says he donated a statue late in life to Madison in Jefferson County Indiana to his fellow civil war comrades, so I looked that up. He actually served in Troop E, 3rd Indiana Cavalry, instead of the 38th Indiana. The 3rd was a very distinguished fighting unit, that served at Gettysburg and elsewhere. . . . Traie Shelhart

MIDDLETON, WILLIAM. Acrobat and leaper, Haight’s Great Southern, 1874.

MIGASI, ANTONIO. See Diavolo Antonio and Antonio Brothers.

MILES, ALFRED. Clown, G. G. Grady’s, 1874.

MILES, CHARLES. Bill poster, P. T. Barnum’s, 1873.

MILES, DANIEL. Sideshow, VanAmburgh & Co., 1866. Died in Cincinnati, November 3, 1866.

MILES, FRANK. H. W. Smith’s Crescent City, December 1869.

MILES, JOSIE. Sells & Rentfrow’s, 1893.

MILES, ROBERT EDGAR JACKSON. (1834-March 13, 1904) Born in Culpepper Courthouse, VA. Only 4 years old when his merchant father died. Following this, went to Covington, KY, with his sister, with whom he resided for some years. Obtained a job as teacher in the public schools and gradually rose to the position of principal. Became a professional actor; performed in the horse drama Mazeppa for several years, etc. 1859, married Emily L. Dow, an actress. Purchased DeHaven & Co., 1870, and continued on the road under the same name; general director, Lake’s Hippo-Olympiad, winter 1870-71; co-proprietor, Great Eastern Menagerie, Museum, Aviary, Circus and Balloon Show (Dan Carpenter and R. E. J. Miles & Co., proprietors) 1872; 1875, a prominent figure in the enterprise known as the America’s Racing Association, an organization which sunk a fortune for its proprietors. Gained proprietorship in the Bijou Opera House, NYC, and was interested in various theatres - Cincinnati National Theatre, Pike’s Opera House, Wood’s Theatre. 1873, took charge of the Grand Opera House. Died in Cincinnati, OH.

MILES, WILLIAM G. Clown and acrobat, Dan Rice’s, 1870; Rice’s Paris Pavilion Circus, 1871-73; rider, Sadler’s, 1875.

MILES, W. H. Sells & Rentfrow’s, 1893.

MILLARD, HARRY. Agent. Traveled with many of the old time circuses. Business manager, Black Bros.’, 1887. Died Corry, PA, June 30, 1895, age 64.

MILLER, A. D. Gymnast, G. G. Grady’s, 1874; Hamilton & Sargeant, 1878.

MILLER, ALBERT O. Partner with Ed Finch in a menagerie consisting of some 10 animals, 1830-31, as Finch, Miller & Co.’s Grand Caravan; 1832, Miller, Mead & Olmstead; then Miller, Mead & Delavan, 1834-35; Miller, Yale, Sands & Co. (Miller, Richard Sands, Enoch C. Yale, proprietors), 1835-37.

MILLER, BERT. Boss canvasman and jockey rider, Albert M. Wetter’s New Model Shows, 1893.

MILLER BROTHERS [Theodore, A. D.]. Gymnasts. G. G. Grady’s, 1868-74; horizontal bars, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1876; Hamilton & Sargeant, 1878.

MILLER, C. A. Contracting agent, Great Oriental Pavilion Show, 1877.

MILLER, C. F. Advertiser, general agent. Orrin Barber’s, 1888; Charles Lee’s Great London, 1896.

MILLER, CHARLES. Double somerault performer, Rutledge’s, 1869. That year, was injured in the ring in Danville, IL, to the extent of ending his career. Was one of 5 children who adopted the ring as a profession. One brother was killed around 1860 from failing a double somersault, another was broken in health from the constant standing on his head.

MILLER, CHARLES A. Proprietor, Miller, Okey & Freeman’s, 1886; Miller, Stowe & Freeman (Charles A. Miller, James B. Stowe, William H. Freeman, proprietors), 1887; Miller & Freeman, 1888-89.

MILLER, DOC [Is this Frank B. Miller?] Pyramidal balancing act. Charles Andress’, 1888; John Stowe’s, 1892; Ringling Bros.’, 1891-94.

MILLER, GEORGE. Tumbler and vaulter. Dan Rice’s, 1855; Orton & Older, 1856-59. Killed attempting a triple somersault in practice, Orton & Older, 1860.

MILLER, HARRY L. (d. January 30, 1933) Manager, Cooke’s Hippodrome, 1895-96; launched Miller, Fuller, Howard & Blake’s Dog and Pony Circus, 1901.

MILLER, J. Band leader, Robinson & Lake, 1862.

MILLER, JAMES S. Acrobat. Left his Louisberg, TN, home at age 19 to go prospecting in Alaska. In Minnesota met a man who persuaded him to form an acrobatic act with Barnum & Bailey. 2 years later his partner died. Later joined Ringling Bros.’, and remained with the firm for many years, ultimately becoming the head of the Miller family acrobats with an income of $1,500 a week.

MILLER, J. H. Contracting agent, Miller & Runnells, 1888. Withdrew as co-proprietor of the firm by June 1888.

MILLER, JOHN. (1784-August 2, 1830) Born in Northampton County, PA. A wire performer and owner of a circus and menagerie on the road as early as 1821. 1825, sold menagerie to Crosby of New York for $4,000. Proprietor, Miller’s, 1828-38; Miller, Yates & Sands, 1837-38. All in all, accumulated some $60,000 from exhibitions. With John Miller’s menagerie, writes Stuart Thayer, comes the first documented evidence of the use of wagons by a showman. Died in Hanover Township, Northampton County, PA.

MILLER, JOHN. Gymnast, E. Stowe’s, 1870.

MILLER, L. C. Co-proprietor, assistant manager and treasurer, Bartine’s (Charles Bartine, L. C. Miller, proprietors), 1892. Sold his interest to his partner, fall 1892.

MILLER, P. Dan Rice’s, 1851.

MILLER, ROBERT. “American Hercules,” H. Harlan’s, 1875.

MILLER, SAMUEL. (1810?-March 18, 1874) Keeper of Miller’s Hotel, Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, a favorite of circus folks. Considered a generous and amiable host. It was at Miller’s where Isaac VanAmburgh died. Retired from hotel keeping when the Fidelity Bank was constructed on the hotel site and moved into his residence at 1025 Vine Street. Died there, age 64.

MILLER, STEVEN. Juggler and acrobat. S. H. Nichols’, 1838; June, Titus, Angevine & Co., Bowery Amphitheatre, 1839; John Tryon’s, Bowery Amphitheatre, NYC, 1843; Welch & Mann, 1843-44.

MILLER, THEODORE. Gymnast. G. G. Grady’s, 1874; clown, Hamilton & Sargeant, 1878.

MILLER, “YANKEE.” Clown. White’s Great Union Show, 1861; Old Cary’s, traveling up and down the Mississippi River area by boat and railroad, 1864.

MILLETT, BENJAMIN. Breaker of trick horses, Joseph D. Palmer’s, 1835.

MILLETTE BROTHERS. Gymnasts. Jesse W. Foster’s, South America, 1894; Cooper & Co. (J. R. W. Hennessey, proprietor and manager), 1897.

MILLIE-CHRISTINE. (July 11, 1851-October 8, 1912) Billed as “The Two-Headed Girl,” two Negro ladies joined from the lumbar vertebrae down to the end of the sacrum. Born of slave parents, a normal family of 7 older and 7 younger children, near Whiteville, NC. J. P. Smith, a Southern gentleman interested in exhibiting them, bought them for $30,000; also purchased the rest of the family so they could be together. The girls had good voices, one was a soprano and the other a contralto. Were exhibited in England, 1871, by Judge H. P. Ingalls, and were considered the greatest living curiosity. Batcheller & Doris, 1882-83; P. T. Barnum’s, 1886; F. R. Blitz’s show playing fair dates, 1889. Millie developed tuberculosis and died; Christine died 19 hours later, ages 61. Generous to a fault, they left only a small farm and a few hundred dollars in the bank, even though they were one of the great money-makers of their day for their employers.

MILLIGAN, BILLY. Clown. Frank A. Robbins’, 1889, making his 8th season with the company; Gollmar Bros.’, 1892.

MILLS, EDWARD. Man-monkey, S. P. Stickney & Son, 1874.

MILLS, E. J. General director, Agnes Lake’s, 1871.

MILLS, JESSE. Agent, World’s Fair Aggregation, 1892.

MILLS, PHIL. Knockabout clown, Moore Bros.’, 1887.

MILLS, WILLIAM G. Equestrian, a pupil of Dan Rice. Traveled with Cooke’s English Circus, 1876. Died of consumption, January 14, 1877, age 23.

MILLSON, WILLIAM. Trapeze performer. (Millson & Ball) Lake’s Hippo-Olympiad, 1868-69; C. F. Ames’, 1869-70; gymnast and bar performer, (Millson & Lazelle) P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-73; P. T. Barnum’s Roman Hippodrome, 1874-75.

MILO BROTHERS. Batcheller & Doris, 1882.

MILO, DAN. Strong man, Robinson’s, California, 1886.

MILTON, BILLY. W. W. Cole, 1886.

MILTON BROTHERS. Gymnasts, W. W. Cole’s, 1886.

MILTON, GEORGE. W. W. Cole, 1886.

MILTON JASPERS [Newton, Thomas, Clinton]. Somersault brother act, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1876; left in November after the season closed to join W. W. Cole’s in Arkansas; Sells Bros.’, 1877.

MILTON, MABEL. Long haired lady, Walter L. Main’s, 1893.

MINNETTA, MINNIE. Iron jawed lady. London Sensation Show, 1879; Cooper, Jackson & Co., 1880-83; Wallace & Co., 1886; Sells Bros.’, 1886; Wallace & Co., 1887; Charles Bartine’s, 1893; Walt McCafferty’s Great Golden Shows, 1894.

MINNICH, DANIEL. (1805-1891) Slack rope, vaulter, and strong man. Left his home in Wrightsville, PA, 1819, with a troupe of traveling acrobats and continued on the road after 50 years of age. His life nearly spanned the 19th century, during which he was a general performer of solid reputation. Eventually, retired from the circus to live in Bedford Springs, PA. As Signor von Minech, “slack rope wonder,” made his first New York appearance at the Lafayette Amphitheatre, 1826, where he hung from the slack-rope by his ankles and supported the weight of 2 men who hung from ropes attached to his wrists. As Mynheer von Minech, was at the Mount Pitt Circus the following season. Quick & Mead, 1826; Fogg & Stickney, Philadelphia, 1827-28 (and probably was out with them the previous summer); J. Purdy Brown’s, 1828-36; New York Circus, 1831-33; equestrian director, Waring and Raymond, New Orleans, winter 1837-38; tight-rope, Philadelphia Circus, 1839-40; slack-rope, Hobby & Pratt, 1842; slack-rope, Ogden & Hobby, 1842; Nathan A. Howes’, winter 1843-44; Howes & Gardner, 1844; vaulter, Rockwell & Stone, 1845-46.

MINOR, J. B. Treasurer, Yankee Robinson’s, 1868.

MINTER, ED, JR. Band leader. One of the finest in the profession. Spent his boyhood days on a farm. Father was a fine musician; mother’s maiden name was Parmeley. Family moved to Cincinnati, where Ed, Sr., made a contract to furnish an orchestra for one of the theatres there. Ed, Jr., at this time was about 14 years of age and a fine musician himself; played second fiddle to his father in the orchestra; was given position as leader of the orchestra after father’s death. A few years later, went to New York where he led the orchestra in Harry Miner’s theatre in the Bowery and taught music during the day. After 3 or 4 years, was taken sick and his physician told him he must get out in the open air. About this time Adam Forepaugh advertised for band leader. Minter was hired, and was leader of the band up to the time he died. During the engagement at Madison Square Garden when the Barnum and Forepaugh shows performed together, Minter died of pneumonia. [D. W. Watt: “The funeral was the largest I ever saw for he belonged to a great many musical societies in New York, and there were over 600 people from the Barnum and Forepaugh shows who attended the funeral. There were eighty-six musicians in the band that led the funeral procession, and they marched up the Bowery to the Cooper Institute where those who were on foot dropped out of line, and carriages went on to the cemetery.”]

MINTLINE, J. E. Business manager, G. G. Grady’s, 1872.

MIRANDA SISTERS [Eliza, Lottie]. Howes’ Great London, 1878; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1879; Eliza was with Holland & McMahon, 1887; Lottie with John S. McMahon’s Circus, 1892.

MISKA, LIDIANA. Russian rider, Leon W. Washburn’s, 1896.

MITCHELL, CHARLES. Bill poster, P. T. Barnum’s, 1873, commissary and layer out, 1876, asst. press agent, 1880.

MITCHELL, PROF. WILLIAM. Concert performer, “The Fire Demon,” Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1876, Australian tour, 1877.

MITCHELL, WILLIAM. See George Wambold.

MOFFITT, R. R. Tattood man. Married Miss Leo Hernandez, bearded lady, February 11, 1883, Frankfort, PA. Harper Bros.’ European, 1893.

MOHN HARRY. Equestrian director, Harper Bros.’ European, 1893.

MOHR, HORACE. Acrobat, John Robinson’s, 1890-92.

MOLOCH [“The Invincible”]. Handled five royal Bengal tigers, Howes’ Great London, 1871.

MONDEVRIER, ANTONIO. Gymnast, H. M. Smith’s, 1870.

MONROE, CHARLES. Irish singer, Rivers & Derious, 1859; Dan Rice’s, 1860; clown, Stone & Rosston, 1865, 1871; Gardner & Hemmings, Front Street Theatre, Baltimore, winter 1865-66; S. O. Wheeler’s, 1867-68; Hemmings, Cooper & Whitby, 1870; Baird, Howell & Co., 1874.

MONROE, FRANK. Aerialist. Sherman’s Educated Horses and Great European, California, 1883; Morosco’s, 1885; equestrian manager, Robinson’s, California, 1886; Sherman & Hinman, San Francisco, 1883.

MONROE, HENRY. Barnum, VanAmburgh and Castello’s Great Show and Mammoth Moral Exhibition, 1867.

MONROE, MARK. Elephant handler. Began career, 1878, when the craze for baby elephants was at its height. Called the “King of Elephants” because of his skill and knowledge in dealing with them. 1879, in charge of the elephants in Central Park, NYC, under the direction of William A. Conklin, where he remained until he was employed by W. C. Coup, 1881. Following year, joined O’Brien, Handberger & Astley, traveling through the Northwest; next year, Adam Forepaugh’s, which carried 36 elephants. After a trip to South America, 1884, joined Frank A. Robbins’; 1891, took charge of the animals at the Pittsburgh Zoo; 1892, supervised the animals on Hunting’s but left the following January to join Ringling Bros.’ at Baraboo, WI; following summer, 1893, with Hagenbeck at Chicago’s World’s Columbian Exposition.

MONROE, NELLIE. Manège, French & Monroe, 1885; rider, Howe’s New London, 1887.

MONROE, WILLIAM O. (d. October 19, 1888) 4-horse, hurdle rider. C. T. Ames’, 1869; James Robinson’s, 1870-71; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1872-81; proprietor, Great Universal Fair and World’s Wonder Exposition, 1877; equestrian director, Batcheller & Doris, 1880; Cole’s Great New Southern Circus (Matt Leland, William Monroe, George S. Cole, proprietors), 1881; French & Monroe’s New York and New Orleans Circus, 1885; Howes’ New London Shows (Monroe and French, managers), 1887-88; trained horses, Cook & Whitby’s, 1892; trained horses, Great Wallace, 1893. Adam Forepaugh’s European representive in purchasing menagerie stock, 1878-79; 1879; returned from a European trip where he acquired 3 elephants, a hippopotamus, 2 camels and a variety of smaller animals and birds.

MONTAGUE, ADELAIDE. Equestrienne, W. W. Cole’s, 1874-75, 1880.

MONTAGUE, ED. Gymnast and acrobat, Ryland’s, California, 1872.

MONTAGUE, LOUISE [r. n. Laura S. Keyser, another source gives Laura Keene Stewart]. (1859-March 15, 1910) Vocalist on the variety and burlesque stage. Born on Bleecker Street, NYC. Real fame occurred when she was advertised as being the $10,000 winner for the most beautiful woman in the world contest, a promotional stunt concocted by press agent Charles H. Day for Adam Forepaugh’s. Presented atop the elephant Lalla Rookh in the street pagaent of “Lalla Rookh’s Departure from Delhi,” 1881. Described by a another contestant as “one of those shy, kittenish brunettes, with hatchet shoulders,” and with big brown eyes. By July, was dismissed from the company because of disagreement with Forepaugh and replaced atop Lalla Rookh with a Chicago beauty. Rejoined the show on October 25 in Atlanta. Filed suits against Forepaugh, September 9, 1882; one to cover a proposed salary of $75 a week for 32 weeks. February 8, 1883, the jury rendered a judgment of $150 in her favor. Accompanying suit was for the $10,000 advertised as being given to Miss Montague, 1881, for her appearance as “the handsomest woman in America.” Charles H. Day stated in an affidavit that the $10,000 prize was a publicity scheme with Forepaugh having no intention of paying it to the winner of the contest. The suit was discontinued because of the absence of Hugh Coyle, a material witness. Two other suits were still pending: 1) for the remainder of Miss Montague’s 1881 salary and 2) for injuries incurred when she was thrown from the elephant in Waterloo, IA, while she was impersonating Lalla Rookh in the street parade. Forepaugh let stand the verdict of $500 damages for her spill and Montague withdrew her appeal for a new trial in the breach of contract suit in which she was awarded $150. The cases were closed in 1883 with Forepaugh paying her a total of $650. Was supposed to go on the road with Forepaugh, 1882, but did not join because, according to her claim, she was promised a stateroom for traveling but discovered that was not the case. Filed suit for breach of contract damages of $2,400 in a Philadelphia court on February 2, 1883. Also sued for divorce, fall 1882. After leaving the circus, July 21, 1883, at Fishkill, NY, went to Europe to pursue instruction on the stage, studying in Paris and Berlin, then acted in England for a short time. On returning to USA, became a member of the original “Pinafore” Co. Under the management of E. E. Rice, was in the cast of Evangeline, The Corsair, and The Crystal Slipper; also featured in Sinbad The Sailor and Ali Baba And the Forty Thieves. Died in NYC, age 51. The notice of her death, printed in the papers on March 16, was written by her with the date left blank about a week before she passed away. Had a son, Henry Montague, who was an automobile salesman. Married Paul Allen, of Lester & Allen, San Francisco, 1877, and separated from him the following year because of his gambling vice. May have later married John Delanty, a man said to have possessed considerable property. He committed suicide, October 27, 1886. He had loaned John O’Brien a sizeable sum of money and was concerned about his ability to collect. Placed his head on a railroad track near Flemington, NJ. It was reported that he had married Louise Montague 7 weeks before, but was separated from her. [M. B. Leavitt: “Upon my return from Europe in the summer of 1876, I brought over a bevy of English beauties for one of my burlesque companies. The vaudeville agent, R. B. Caverly, informed me that he had a young beauty who was anxious to appear on the stage, lovelier than any of the English girls I had engaged. I informed him that the organization was complete, but he was insistent, and urged me to go to Niblo’s Garden that evening, as the girl would be there with her mother to see the performance. I went, and was told to pick out the prettiest one I saw coming out of the theatre. I did so, and it was the one the agent referred to. Her name was Polly Stewart, the daughter of a well-known sporting man in town. I engaged her, and gave her the stage name of Louise Montague. She remained with my company for three years, during which she married one of my comedians, Paul Allen, of Lester & Allen.... Louise Montague shunned notoriety, but her face and figure had been much praised, so she became one of the candidates for beauty recognition. She was selected from more than 11,000 candidates who submitted photographs and descriptions. She was only eighteen years old when I engaged her.... After the first rage had worn off she sought a quiet life but many managers, believing that she had a value beyond her beauty, sought her services, and it was then discovered that she possessed exceptional dramatic ability. She was generous, and her charitable inclinations drew heavily on her purse. As her money faded away, she lived in a little flat that was attractively furnished. When she became ill, I visited her to render whatever aid she might require. She seemed as proud and independent as she had always been; such was her nature. On leaving her, I did not anticipate, nor did she, that the end was so near. She died poor. She wrote herself the only notice she wished published after her death: “Louise X. Montague, died at her residence, Manhattan Ave.”] The famous beauty was 51 years of age.

MONTAGUE, SIGNOR. Rider, with Melville, Maginley & Cooke, 1875.

MONTAGUE, W. Gymnast, John Robinson’s, 1866.

MONTANO, SIGNOR DEHL. Black animal tamer. Billed as a cannibal Hottentot, exhibited a pack of hyenas, Howes’ Great London, 1871. Probabgly came from England with the Howes show late 1870. Contortionist and trapeze performer, VanAmburgh & Co., 1874. Entered a bear cage in Staffordshire, England, 1892, made a misstep as the door closed behind him; the animals seized him and tossed him one to another. No word of his fate.

MONTCLAIR, ADA INEZ. Mazeppa rider, G. G. Grady’s, 1869.

MONTCLAIR, SIGNOR. Contortionist, L. B. Lent’s, 1874.

MONTEVERDE, SIGNOR JOSE. Contortionist. Spanish by birth. First entered the ring as a boy of 7. Early experiences were acquired as a matador in the bull rings of Spain. Made his debut in the Theatre D’Iscala, Milan, with his father; later performed in the Cirque de Napoleon, Paris; was for 2 years in St. Petersburg, and for some time at Berlin and Constantinople. 1848, while performing at the Turkish capital in what was called the “bridge act,” fell and was carried unconscious out of the arena. Believed to be mortally injured, but it was found that the fall was not fatal. Again, in Berlin while performing the “perch act” he fell a distance of 40’, but escaped with only a broken arm. H. C. Lee’s, 1858; Kimball’s, 1859; George F. Bailey & Co., 1860-61; Robinson & Howes, Chicago, winter 1863-64; L. B. Lent’s, 1866; Nixon, Howe & Castello, 1868; Charles Noyes’, 1870; C. T. Ames’, 1870; P. T. Barnum’s, 1872-73.

MONTFORT. Hindu juggler, John H. Murray’s, 1874.

MONTGOMERY, P. Horizontal bars, Harry Thayer & Co.’s, 1890.

MONTRE, A. C. Band leader, Showles & Co., 1873.

MONTROSE, DORA. Aeronaut, “The Lady Who Jumps from the Clouds,” Wallace & Co., 1890.

MONTROSE, KATE. Gymnast, W. W. Cole’s, 1886.

MOORE, ALBERT. Treasurer, Moore Bros.’, 1887.

MOORE, BENJAMIN. Agent, Levi J. North’s, 1854.

MOORE, BILLY and NELLIE. Mexican ladder, Andy McDonald’s, 1892.

MOORE BROTHERS. Gymnasts. Dan Rice’s, 1866; Goldenburg’s, 1874.

MOORE, CHARLES. Dog circus, Howe’s New London, 1887.

MOORE, CHARLES. Chef, Adam Forepaugh’s.

MOORE, CHESTER C. Agent. Stone, Rosston & Murray, 1868; manager, Stone & Murray, 1869. Died in Penfield, NY, February 1874.

MOORE, E. Female keeper. Raymond, Weeks & Co., 1844; Raymond & Waring, 1847.

MOORE FAMILY. Roller skaters, John B. Doris’, 1884-85.

MOORE, GEORGE. Clown. Stickles & Co., 1832; Drury, Van Tassle, Brown & Co., 1837; Brown & Mills, 1838, later as Waterman & Co.; Howes & Mabie, 1845-46; E. F. & J. Mabie, 1848; Rowe’s, 1850; Christy Minstrels, U.K., 1859, and many years thereafter.

MOORE, HANK. Boss canvasman, Gollmar Bros.’, 1897.

MOORE, HARRY. General agent. James T. Johnson’s, 1886; John F. Stowe’s, 1892; McDonald & Wells, 1892.

MOORE, JENNIE. Chariot rider. With Walter L. Main’s, Burke’s, Washburn’s, and John H. Sparks’. Husband, Larry Moore, was a boss hostler. Died of consumption, December 3, 1902.

MOORE, LEWIS. Equestrian and gymnast, Flagg & Aymar, 1856.

MOORE, LON W. Clown. Holland, Bowman & McLaughlin, 1890; VanAmburgh, 1891; F. J. Tayor’s, 1893. Home was at Defiance, OH.

MOORE, MATTIE. Moore Bros.’ New Consolidated Railroad Shows, 1887.

MOORE, NELLIE. “Evolutions on the silver wire,” F. J. Tayor’s, 1893.

MOORE, TOM. Bill poster, with VanAmburgh and Reiche Bros.’, 1885.

MOORE, W. H. Press agent, Great London, 1880.

MOORE, WILLIAM C. Cannon ball performer. Died in Brooklyn, March 5, 1874.

MOORE, WILLIE. Trapeze performer, George W. Richard’s, 1887.

MORAND. Stone, Rosston and Murray, 1867.

MORAN, HARRY and MAY. Shield’s Circus, 1888.

MORAN, J. Virginia Serenaders, Raymond & Waring, 1844.

MORAN, MME. Equestrienne, Nixon & Co., Niblo’s Garden, 1859.

MORELAND, A. D. Candy stand privilege, Main & Sargeant, 1891.

MORELAND, W. C. Adam Forepaugh’s, 1878.

MORRELLE, PAULINE. Gymnast, W. W. Cole’s, 1886.

MORELLO BROTHERS [William, Max]. With Sparrow’s, 1886; Roberts & Gardner, 1886; William Main & Co., 1887; Scribner & Smith, 1895.

MORENZO, JOHN. Clown, John Forepaugh’s, California, 1888.

MORESTE BROTHERS. Trapeze and bar performers. The Great Commonwealth Circus, 1872; Prof. Samwell’s, South America, 1873.

MORESTE, GEORGE. Thayer & Noyes, 1867.

MORESTE, HENRY. Horizontal bars, posturer, a solo on the drums while hanging downward on the trapese. Great Union (George W. DeHaven, proprietor), 1860; Front Street Theartre, Baltimore, early winter, 1860; Madigan’s, 1861; Gardner & Hemmings, 1862; Slaymaker & Nichols, 1864.

MORGAN, A. W. Advertising agent. Consolidation Circus (W. B. Hough, manager), 1866; Maginley & Carroll, 1868. Died at the Pavilion Hotel, Charleston, SC, in poverty, February 1869.

MORGAN, CHARLES. Educated dogs, Mrs. Charles Warner’s, Philadelphia, 1869.

MORGAN, E. H. Alex Robinson’s,l 1870.

MORGAN, FANNIE. W. W. Cole’s, California, fall 1880.

MORGAN, FRANK. Pad rider, vaulter. G. G. Grady’s, 1868-74; Roman Races, Brighton Beach Fair Grounds, Coney Island, 1879; P. T. Barnum’s, 1882-86.

MORGAN, G. H. With T. L. Vermule’s New Jersey Circus, 1845.

MORGAN, HENRY. Horizontal bars, C. T. Ames’, 1868.

MORGAN, MONS. Juggler and posturer, Mabie & Crosby, 1858.

MORGAN, MRS. J. B. Aerialist, a member of the performing Zamora Family. Died in NYC, April 28, 1906.

MORGAN, W. CHARLES. Trick clown. DeMott & Ward, 1868; Metchear & Cameron, 1870.

MORGAN, W. H. John H. Murray’s Pony Circus, 1880.

MORGAN, WILLIAM C. (1826?-March 5, 1874) Cannon ball performer. Major Brown’s, 1857; Mabie & Crosby, 1858; L. B. Lent’s, 1863; Australian Circus, 1870; Sanford’s, Lima, Peru, fall 1870. Died of dropsy at his residence, 314 Leonard St., Brooklyn, NY, age 48. Had retired from the profession some years earlier and he went to South America as a civil engineer, where he contacted the disease.

MORGAN, WILLIAM H. (d. October 30, 1884) Hurdle rider, bareback steeple chase act. Lent’s Equescurriculum, 1863; bar act and hurdle rider, Palmer’s Great Western, 1865; Mike Lipman’s, 1866-67; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1867, 1870; Luande’s, West Indies, 1867; Philadelphia Circus, winter 1867-68; Gardner & Kenyon, 1868; Dr. James L. Thayer’s, 1869; Dan Rice’s Paris Pavilion, 1871-72; Howes’ London, 1872-73; L. B. Lent’s, 1874; Sanford & Courtney, South America, 1874-75; P. T. Barnum’s, 1878; John H. Murray’s Pony Circus, 1880; Stevens’ Australian Circus, performing on variety stages prior to summer season, 1882; Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, winter 1882-83; Bartine’s, 1887. Murdered in Arkansas by Douglas Post.

MORITZ, FREDA. Ladder of swords, Walter L. Main’s, 1893.

MORITZ, HENRIETTA. German midget. Adam Forepaugh’s, 1883; Walter L. Main’s, 1892-93.

MORMON FAMILY. Curiousities with a total weight of 1,508 pounds, John H. Murray’s, 1874.

MOROSCO FAMILY [Walter (Walter Melville Bishop), Frank (Frank Bishop), Charles (J. Charles Reynolds), Harry. See Walter Melville.]. Posturing, contortion and slack-wire, Risley act. Performed in various theatres and halls, 1872-1886. Sells Bros.’, 1874; International Circus, Offenbach Garden, Philadelphia, winter 1876-77; John H. Murray’s, 1877; Orrin Bros.’, Havana, winter 1878-79; Mexico, winter 1883-84; Allen’s Great Eastern, 1880; Dan Rice’s, 1881; W. H. Stowe’s, winter 1881-82; Cooper, Jackson & Co., 1882; Sherman & Hinman, California, 1883; W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1885-86; Morosco’s Royal Russian Circus, 1885; Irwin Bros.’, 1895. Walter was equestrian director, Sherman & Hinman, San Francisco, September 1883; Charles with LaPearl’s, c. 1901.

MOROSCO, JENNIE. Gillmeyer, Bryson & Co., 1888.

MORRAST. Acrobat, DeHaven & Bell’s, 1860.

MORRELL, NELLIE. Trapeze artist, Alexander Robinson’s, 1870.

MORRESSEY, JOHN. (d. May 1, 1878) Henry Barnum’s, 1874. Mlle. Cordelia was his wife.

MORRIS, ANDREW E. Negro minstrel, Orton & Older, 1858-59.

MORRIS, ANDY. Acrobat, Charley Bartine’s, 1872; pantomime clown, Dan Rice’s Paris Pavilion, 1873.

MORRIS, FRANK. (d. 1916) Sideshow talker for more than 20 years with the Adam Forepaugh show. At the death of Forepaugh, went to the Buffalo Bill show here he remained for about 15 years. Went in the business when but 17 years of age and soon gained notoriety as one of the best sideshow talkers in the country. At the age 20 or 21, made all the principal openings of the sideshow with Forepaugh as well as the concert announcements in the big tent. Died at about 60 years of age. [D. W. Watt: “Frank Morris was one of the highest class orators in front of a side-show that I ever knew. He was not the red-faced, yelling kind and often I have sat at the side door of my ticket wagon and listened to Frank make his opening and watch the faces of the people, and the expressions on their faces would tell you that they were glad to listen to such a talker.”]

MORRIS, G. W. Agent, Dan Rice’s, 1881.

MORRIS, HARRY S., Sr. (d. November 30, 1934) Acrobat and leaper. Began with Dan Rice’s with his partner Irvin Whitlow as the Merrell Bros. Later, the Merrell Bros. joined the Al G. Field Minstrels with a trick cabinet acrobatic act. Morris performed with Rentz’, Harris’ Nickel Plate, Sells-Forepaugh, and the Castello-Miles Orton show. 1892, married Ida Briscoe. Died in Louisville, KY.

MORRIS, HENRY. Adam Forepaugh’s, 1873.

MORRIS, JAMES. (b. 1859) Known as “the elastic skin man.” Born in Copenhagen, NY. Began stretching skin professionally for dime museums. By 1882, with Barnum and Bailey, earning $150 a week. Sells Bros.’, Pacific Coast, fall 1886; Cooke & Whitby, 1892. An addiction to gambling and drinking kept him poor.

MORRIS, J. C. Holton & Gates’ Harmoniums, a minstrel band, Simon Pure American Circus, NYC, October 1, 1866.

MORRIS, MAJOR. Director of publications, G. G. Grady’s, 1874.

MORRIS, PETER. Juggler. Frost & Co., 1837; Bacon & Derious, 1838; W. Gates & Co., 1838; G. C. Quick, 1850.

MORRISON, CHARLES. Boss canvasman, W. H. Harris’ Nickel-Plate, 1884.

MORRISON, CHARLES. Acrobat. Crescent City, 1856; G. N. Eldred, 1857; Satterlee & Bell, 1858; Orton & Older, 1858-59; Robinson & Lake, 1859-60; Australian Dime Show, 1887; contortonist, John F. Robinson’s, 1889-90.

MORRISON, GEORGE. Treasurer, with John Robinson’s, 1869.

MORRISON, J. Gymnast, John Robinson’s, 1888-89.

MORRISON, ROBERT. (d. April 12, 1871) Agent, John Robinson’s for several years. Died of dropsy in St. Louis, MO.

MORSE, CHARLES. Secretary, P. T. Barnum’s, 1874-75.

MORSE, JOSEPH. Artist and engraver, the man who discovered the use of the pine plock for poster work.

MORTON, E. Lake & Co., 1863.

MORTON, FRANK. Ventriloquist in the sideshow, Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879.

MORTON, FRANK A. Band Leader, Harry Thayer & Co.’s, 1890.

MORTON, GEORGE. (d. October 3, 1895) Clown. Caldwell’s, 1867. Died in the Almhouse, New Haven CT, age 70.

MORTON, H. Negro minstrel, Spaulding & Rogers’ Floating Palace, 1859.

MOSELEY, AMY. See Seth B. Howes.

MOSELEY, THOMAS. Scenic rider from Astley’s Amphitheatre, London, Welch & Mann, 1845; ringmaster and scenic rider, Sands, Lent & Co., 1846-47; Welch & Mann, Philadelphia, 1847.

MOSES, A. W. Sideshow band leader, Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881.

MOSES, GEORGE. Orton & Older, 1858-59.

MOTTY, HERR OTTO [or Motley]. Said to be an ugly looking individual but a versatile performer who was a juggler, rope-dancer, 3-horse rider, and a cannon ball performer. Feats included the juggling on horseback of rings, balls and daggers with rapidity and the throwing of cannon balls high into the air and catching them on his neck. Claimed the Emperor of Russia called him “The Undaunted.” Raymond & Waring, Cooke’s Circus, Philadelphia, 1839; strong-man, June, Titus, Angevine & Co., 1839-40; Raymond & Waring, 1840; Welch, Bartlett & Co., 1840; Nathan A. Howes’, winter 1842; Charles LaForest’s, 1842; Ogden & Hobby, 1842; Rockwell & Stone, 1842, 1844-45; John Tryon’s, Bowery Amphitheatre, NYC, 1844; Rockwell & Stone, 1845.

MOULTON, GEORGE. Equestrian, VanAmburgh & Co., 1881.

MOULTON, HARRY AND MINNIE. Gymnasts, G. A. Courtney’s, West Indies, 1880; Lehmann’s, 1885; Pubillones’, Cuba, winter 1885-86. Minnie was also listed as a female lion tamer with Pubillones.

MOUNTCLAIN, ADA [or Montcalm]. Hurdle rider, G. G. Grady’s, 1869.

MOXLEY, CHARLOTTE. Irish giantess, with Cooper and Bailey, 1875.

MOXLEY, CHARLOTTE. English giantess, with Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1876.

MOXLEY, GEORGE. Chief billposter, Adam Forepaugh’s, 1875.

MOYERS, PROF. Lion king, J. V. Cameron, 1875.

MULLER, PROF. JACOB. Band leader, Great Eastern, 1873. Said to have been 18 years in the service of Emperor William of Prussia.

MULLETT, CAPTAIN. Seller of sea lions. Caught and sold over 100 in 1880 alone.

MULLIGAN, JOHN. (March, 1827-July 22, 1873) Negro minstrel. Born in NYC. First professional engagement, Raymond & Waring, 1848. Followed by 2 seasons, Robinson & Eldred, dancing in the ring while Al Romaine performed upon the banjo. 1854, joined Mabie’s in Missouri. Conclusion of that season, G. F. Bailey, with whom he remained 3 seasons. Then went to Philadelphia, where he fulfilled an engagement at Thomas’ Opera House. Following winter, joined Van Amburgh’s at Macon, GA, and continued with that show one season. On return from the South, was engaged by Frank Rivers for his Melodeon in Philadelphia, and remained 2 years. Attracted the attention of George Lea, a well known manager, and, 1862, entered into a contract for a long period; performed under Lea’s direction in Baltimore, Washington, Philadelphia, New York, New Orleans and nearly all the principal cities of the Union. Afterwards, connected with the San Francisco Minstrels, Hooley’s and others. Standing over 6’ in height, Mulligan was an Ethiopian comedian of great ability; even the ludicrous style of his wardrobe evoked laughter. Said to be the original “Bob Ridley.” [T. Allston Brown: “Mr. Mulligan, as an Ethiopian comedian, had few equals in his peculiar line, and in his special acts was without a rival.”] Died in NYC in the 47th year of his age.

MULLIGAN, WILLIAM. Vaulter. Cooke’s, 1836; Welch, Bartlett & Co., 1839-40; Grecian Arena, 1841; trampoline, Rockwell & Stone, 1842.

MUNGO, PRINCE. (d. May 13, 1923) Native of Peach Orchard, KY. Started, 1881, as a South Sea Island “torture” dancer. Cooper & Jackson, 1881-82; John Robinson, 1884-87; Great Wallace, 1889-97; Sells & Downs, 1897-1903; Norris & Rowe, 1903-04; John Robinson’s, 1904-06; Cole Bros.’s, 1906-09; Forepaugh-Sells, 1910; Sells-Floto, 1911-14; Al G. Barnes’, 1915; Hagenbeck-Wallace, 1916; John Robinson’s, 1918; Yankee Robinson’s, 1919-20; Sparks’, 1920 until his death. Lived in Chicago when not on the road. Was killed at Mt. Carmel, PA, from being hit by a street trolley.

MUNSON BROTHERS. Gymnasts and tumblers, John Stowe & Sons, 1871. Are they Lem and Leon listed below?

MUNSON, LEM. Contortionist. Burr Robbins; Boyd & Peters’ Great Transatlantic Circus, 1880; Adam Forepaugh’s, several seasons beginning in 1885. His size, 6’ tall and weighing 200 pounds, belied his performance in the ring. [D. W. Watt: “Munson was a quiet, unpretentious man, made many friends in the business and never lost one.”]

MUNSON, LEON. Contortionist and chair la perche, Stowe & Orton, 1870; acrobat, Burr Robbins’, 1875.

MUNSON, L. K. G. G. Grady’s, 1868-72.

MURDELL, ALICE. See Josephine F. Forepaugh.

MURDOCK, WILLIAM. (b. 1808?) Principal clown, with Spalding & Rogers. Retired, 1865.

MURPHY, ED. Hobson Bros.’, 1887.

MURPHY, JAMES. See James Balnan.

MURRAY, JAMES. Leaper and tumbler. Cooper, Bailey & Co., 1879-80; Barnum, Bailey & Hutchinson, 1881.

MURPHY, J. C. Clown. Lake’s Hippo-Olympiad, 1869; Great Metropolitan Olypiad, 1877.

MURPHY, P. Chief bill poster, S. P. Stickney & Son, 1874.

MURPHY, WILLIAM H. Griffith & Allen, 1886.

MURRAY, FRANK. Alex Abar’s Pavilion Show, 1889.

MURRAY, GEORGE W. Clown, Stone, Rosston & Murray, 1865-67; clown, and ringmaster, Stone & Murray, 1868-69; J. E. Warner & Co., 1871; John O’Brien’s, 1872; Central Park Menagerie and Circus, 1873; John H. Murray’s, 1873; Howe’s Great London, 1874; clown and vocalist, Burr Robbins’, 1876.

MURRAY, HARRY. Contracting agent, Burr Robbins’, 1885.

MURRAY, JAMES. Tumbler. Married equestrienne Rosina Dubsky, Havana, January 25, 1882. Married Allie Alden, 1889.

MURRAY, JAMES J. (d. November 14, 1893) Tumbler. Born abroad but came to America as a small boy. L. B. Lent’s, 1876; Carlo Bros.’, South America, 1877; Great London, 1880; tumbler, Leon & Dockrill, Iron Amphitheatre, Havana, winter 1881-82; W. O’Dale Stevens’, Park Square Grounds, Boston, spring 1883; James T. Johnson’s, 1885; Col. Foster’s, 1885; Miller, Okey & Freeman, 1886; Gardner & Donovan, South America, 1886; Miller, Stowe & Freeman, 1887; Gran Circo Estrellas Del Nortis, West Indies, fall 1888; Frank A. Gardner’s, South America, 1889; Walter L. Main’s, 1891. At one time, part owner of Murray & Ducrow’s New York Circus, touring in South and Central America, but ill health forced him out of circus activity. Established an amusement agency business, NYC, in association with H. A. Covell, 1892. Said to have acquired consideable wealth throughout his career. Married rider Linda Jeal. Died in Philadelphia, age about 40.

MURRAY, JOHN “COL.” (d. April 13, 1907) Associate, who for about 25 years was a ticket seller for Sells Bros.’ Died in Columbus, OH.

MURRAY, JOHN HAYES. (July 19, 1829-December 27, 1881) Born in NYC. Made professional debut as a negro minstrel, performing at Barnum’s Museum and later in the concert of June & Co. Possessing an outstanding physique and great strength, developed skills as an acrobat and began as a general performer. Welch, Mann & Delavan, 1845; Victory, 1847; S. B. Howes’, 1848; Crane’s, 1849-50; Dan Rice’s, 1850, where he doubled with George Holland as the Roman Brothers, an acrobatic act noted for its style and grace, and which existed for several years. The two visited California and South America, 1854, appearing at various theatres; went to England, Howes & Cushing, 1857-59, performing before the Queen at the Royal Alhambra Palace, London, May 14, 1858. Murray appeared in the brother act, did a globe-perch with Holland, introduced the trick mules, Pete and Barney, and worked the educated horse, Black Eagle. Ringmaster, Dan Rice’s, 1859; 1860-63, appeared with leading circuses abroad, including Rentz’s, Carey’s, Heeney’s, Price’s, and Brenow’s. Performed, after Holland’s death, with George P. Hutchinson. Returning to America, connected with Stone, Rosston & Co., 1864; following year, his name appeared in the title, Stone, Rosston & Murray’s; 1866-71, Stone & Murray. Den Stone withdrew, 1872, leaving Murray the sole proprietor; this ownership continued through 1878, the company visiting the West Indies during the winter seasons of 1876-78. During the off-season, 1875, made a trip to Europe and secured entertainers that had not previously performed in the United States. Was in retirement, 1879. 1880, furnished ring stock for L. B. Lent’s, Globe Theatre, NYC, and in conjunction with Robert Stickney, gave a short circus season at the Siege of Paris Building, Boston. November 1880 until the spring of 1881, managed a circus troup in the Aquarium, NYC, and put out a small circus that summer, John H. Murray’s Pony Circus. E. D. Colvin and J. J. Nathans purchased the Murray outfit, 1882. Married equestrienne Frances Victoria Johnston, an equitation performer, December 8, 1859, eventually producing 2 sons and 2 daughters. Died of pneumonia in NYC.

MURRAY, JOHN J. Acrobat, Crane & Co., 1850; Adam Forepaugh’s, 1874; clown, Beckett’s Railroad Circus, 1887; Hunting’s, 1889 (with wife Florence), 1893-95.

MURRAY, MILDRED. Manège, Sells & Rentfrow’s, 1893.

MURRAY, THOMAS. Irish comedian. Stone, Rosston & Murray, 1867; Stone & Murray, 1868-69; John H. Murray’s, 1877; D. W. Stone’s, 1878.

MURRAY, WILLIAM [r. n. W. C. Lewis]. (1849?-February 13, 1913) Rider. Began with Stone & Murray as a lad, billed as “the boy champion rider” over the hurdles. Clown for many of the leading circuses in the 1860s and 1870s. Last employment, Mighty Haag Show as a talker. Married Julia C. Lewis. Died at Carthage, MO, age 64.

MURTZ & KLINE. James M. Nixon’s Parisian Hippodrome and Chicago Amphitheatre, May 1872.

MURTZ, HARRY. W. W. Cole’s, 1886.

MURTZ, JOHN. (d. 1887) Clown. Great London, 1878; W. W. Cole’s, 1879, 1884. For many years one of the Livingston Brothers. Did an aerial bicycle act and an Australian Blondin act. With Cole, 1886, performed on the horizonal bars with C. H. Lorbey, Frank Lorbey, Ed Marlon and Johnny Hart. Dockrill’s, Central America, winter 1886-87. Died on a steamer en route from Panama to Peru.

MURTZ, JOHN. W. W. Cole’s, 1886.

MUSGAT, WILLIAM R. (1863?-March 11, 1908) Associate. Born in Fond du Lac, WI. Entered the business with Tayor’s, a small wagon show with which he was employed for some time. Later, joined Sells & Rentfrow as a steward. Was a short time with John Robinson’s; then became manager of Car #5, Great Wallace for 6 or 7 years; then William P. Hall’s; 1906, joined Sells-Floto as general agent and remained until his death of a heart attack, Denver, CO, age 45.

MYERS, CHARLES. Sideshow privilege, educated hog, George DeHaven’s, 1869.

MYERS, FRED. Clown, Cooper & Myer’s Circus of All Nations, 1858.

MYERS, HENRIETTA. Orrin Bros.’, Mexico, February 1884.

MYERS, JAMES WASHINGTON. (1820-December 1, 1892) Showman and clown. Born in Providence, RI. Apprenticed as an equestrian to Aaron Turner at age 9 and performed under the name of James Turner. Under own name as scenic rider, June & Turner, 1845-47; bareback rider, Sands, Lent & Co., 1846-47; Aaron Turner’s, 1849-52; clown and co-proprietor, Myers & Madigan, 1854; Howes Menagerie and Myers & Madigan’s Circus, 1855; Jim Myers’, 1856. 1857, went to England with Howes & Cushing. Became the first to do a double somersault over horses while there. Performed for the Queen at Windsor Castle. Quit with Howes & Cushing and formed his own company, touring England and the Continent. Returning to London, opened at the Agricultural Hall, January 12, 1879. Back in USA, DeMott & Ward, 1868. Was married to Rose Madigan. Died in Bristol, England, age 69.

MYERS, JOHN. Dogs and ponies, Richard’s Big Show, 1892.

MYERS, LEWIS. Adam Forepaugh’s, 1871.

MYERS, OLIVER P. Agent, with J. E. Warner & Co., 1871; contracting agent, John Robinson’s, 1873; press agent, Montgomery Queen’s, 1875, and general advertiser, 1876. Connected with the passenger department of Pittsburgh and Fort Wayne Railroad, Chicago, 1879. General agent and railroad contractor, Shelby, Pullman & Hamilton, 1881; Myers & Shorb’s United States Circus, 1882 (former Robbins & Colvin show); excursion agent, John Robinson’s, 1884; Howes & Richardson, 1887.

MYERS, PROF. Performing goats, with William O’Dale Stevens’, Park Square, Boston, 1883.

MYERS, T. R. General representative, Robinson & Myers’, 1883.

MYERS, VIRGINIA A. (d. September 3, 1884) Equestrienne. Daughter of clown and manager James Myers and the former Rose Madigan. Welch & Lent, 1856; Sloat & Shepherd “Joe Pentland,” 1859. Married leaper Tom King at Rhinebeck, NY, May 12, 1859, while with Sloat & Shepherd. The couple worked together throughout most of their married life. See Thomas King.

MYERS, WILLIAM. (d. 1856) Born in Baltimore. William Harrington’s, 1825; vaulter, J. Purdy Brown’s, 1825-28; American Arena, Washington, DC, winter 1828-29; clown, Fogg & Stickney, 1830; clown, John Lamb’s, 1831; ringmaster, Aaron Turner’s, Philadelphia, winter 1833-34; Edward Eldred’s, 1834; vaulter, Raymond &. Waring, 1840. Died in Philadelphia.

MYERS, WILLIAM M. Treasurer, G. G. Grady’s, 1869; press agent, 1871; treasurer, 1874.


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